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____ 11. Laptops use a smaller version of a DIMM called a(n) ____.
Small Outline DIMM (SO-DIMM)
____ 12. A(n) ____ gets its name because it has independent pins on opposite sides of the module.
Dual Inline Memory Module (DIMM)
____ 13. DIMMs intended to be used in servers must be extremely reliable and use an error-checking technology called ____.
error correcting code (ECC)
____ 14. If the number of bits is not an odd number for odd parity or an even number for even parity, a ____ error occurs.
parity error
____ 15. A Rambus memory module is called a(n) ____.
____ 16. SIMMs are rated by speed, measured in ____.
nanoseconds (ns)
____ 17. When Windows does not have adequate memory to perform an operation, it gives a(n) �____� error or it slows down to a painful crawl.
insufficient memory
____ 18. To upgrade memory means to add more ____ to a computer.
____ 19. To use System Information, in the Vista Start Search box or the Windows XP Run box, type ____ and press Enter.
____ 20. In the table found in the motherboard manual, a chip on a RIMM module is called a ____.
____ 21. Higher-quality memory modules have ____ installed to reduce heat and help the module last longer.
heat sinks
____ 22. If the chip�s surface is dull or matted, or you can scratch off the markings with a fingernail or knife, suspect that the chip has been ____.
____ 23. For ____ modules, small clips latch into place on each side of the slot to hold the module in the slot.
____ 24. For RIMM modules, install the RIMMs beginning with bank ____.
0 zero
____ 25. When installing the RIMM, ____ on the edge of the RIMM module will help you orient it correctly in the socket.
____ 26. In Windows, memory errors can cause frequent ____ errors.
General Protection Fault (GPF)
27. If the motherboard supports dual ____________________, install matching DIMMs in each channel.
28. The motherboard ____________________ is essential when selecting memory.
29. Stamped on each chip of a RAM module is a chip ____________________ that identifies the date the chip was manufactured.
30. After installing each SIMM, turn on the PC and watch ____________________ count the amount of memory during the boot process.
31. Recurring errors during normal operations can mean ____________________ memory.
____ 32. Holds its data as long as the RAM has power
Static RAM
____ 33. Loses its data rapidly
Dynamic RAM
____ 34. Used on laptops
____ 35. Used on subnotebook computers
____ 36. Currently the fastest memory and can support triple or dual channels or be installed as a single DIMM
240 pin DDR3 DIMM
____ 37. Has two notches on the module
168 pin SDRAM DIMM
____ 38. Must be installed two modules to a bank of memory
72 pin SIMM
____ 39. Must be installed four modules to a bank of memory
30 pin SIMM
____ 40. Have been used, returned to the factory, marked again, and then resold
re-marked chips
True/False____ 1. A hard disk drive (HDD), most often called a hard drive, comes in two sizes for personal computers: the 1.8"" size is used for laptop computers and the 2.5"" size is used for desktops.
FALSE A hard disk drive (HDD), most often called a hard drive, comes in two sizes for personal computers: the 2.5"" size is used for laptop computers and the 3.5"" size is used for desktops.
True/False____ 2. Solid state hard drives cost more and are less rugged than magnetic hard drives.
FALSE Solid state hard drives cost more and are MORE rugged than magnetic hard drives.
True/False____ 3. Almost all hard drives sold today for desktop computers are magnetic hard drives.
True/False____ 4. If you are replacing a floppy drive, you must inform BIOS setup by accessing setup and changing the drive type.
True/False____ 5. Hardware problems usually show up at POST, unless there is physical damage to an area of the hard drive that is not accessed during POST.
____ 6. A ____ drive has one, two, or more platters, or disks, that stack together and spin in unison inside a sealed metal housing that contains firmware to control reading and writing data to the drive and to communicate with the motherboard.
magnetic hard drive
____ 7. The top and bottom of each disk of a magnetic hard drive have a(n) ____ that moves across the disk surface as all the disks rotate on a spindle.
read/write head
____ 8. Each side, or surface, of one hard drive platter is called a ____.
____ 9. Windows Vista technology that supports a hybrid drive is called ____.
ready drive
____ 10. The total number of ____ on the drive determines the drive capacity.
____ 11. ____ on a circuit board inside the drive housing is responsible for writing and reading data to these tracks and sectors and for keeping track of where everything is stored on the drive.
____ 12. During the ____ formatting process, you specify the size of the partition and what file system it will use.
high-level formatting or operating system formatting
____ 13. The ATA interface standards are developed by Technical Committee T13 and published by ____.
ANSI (American National Standards Institute)
____ 14. ____ is a system BIOS feature that monitors hard drive performance, disk spin up time, temperature, distance between the head and the disk, and other mechanical activities of the drive in order to predict when the drive is likely to fail.
Self Monitoring Analysis and Reporting Technology (SMART)
____ 15. The ____-conductor IDE cable has half the number of pins as it has wires.
____ 16. ____ transfers data directly from the drive to memory without involving the CPU.
Direct Memory Access (DMA) transfer
____ 17. ____ mode involves the CPU and is slower than DMA mode.
Programmed Input/Output (PIO)
____ 18. With ____, you can connect and disconnect a drive while the system is running.
hot swapping or hot plugging
____ 19. External ____ is up to six times faster than USB or FireWire.
____ 20. ____ is a standard for communication between a subsystem of peripheral devices and the system bus.
Small Computer System Interface (SCSI)
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