by ailima


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S.A.M.P.L.E
S = Signs/Symptoms A = Allergies M = Medications P = Pertinent medical history L = Last oral intake E = Events leading up to
BP-DOC
B = Bleeding P = Pain - D = Deformities O = Open Wounds C = Crepitus
DCAP-BTLS
D = Deformities C = Contusions A = Abrasions P = Punctures/Penetrations - B = Burns T = Tenderness L = Lacerations S = Swelling
Skin Sign: Cool/Moist/Clammy
Possible: 1) Shock 2) Heart Attack 3) Anxiety
Skin Sign: Cold and Dry
Significance: 1) Cold Exposure 2) Diabetic Emergency
Skin Sign: Hot and Dry
Significance: 1) High fever 2) Heat emergency 3) Spinal Injury
Skin Sign: Hot and Moist
Significance: 1) Fever 2) heat emergency 3) Diabetic Emergency
Skin Sign: Goose Bumps with shivering, chattering, blue lips, pale skin
Significance: 1) Chills 2) Communicable Disease 3) Exposure to cold 4) Pain 5) Fear
Pupil Sign: Dilated, non-reactive pupils
Significance: 1) Shock 2) Cardiac Arrest 3) Bleeding 4) certain Medications 5) Head Injury
Pupil Sign: Constricted, non-reactive
Significance: 1) CNS Damage 2) Certain Medications
Pupil Sign: Unequal Pupils
Significance: Stroke or Head Injury
Skin Color: Pale
Significance: Constricted blood vessels, possibly from: 1) Blood loss 2) Shock 3) Decreased blood pressure 4) Emotional distress
Skin color: Blue (cyanotic)
Significance: Lack of oxygen in blood cells and tissues resulting from: 1) Inadequate breathing 2) Inadequate heart function
Skin Color: Red (flushed)
Significance: 1) Heat exposure 2) Blood Pressure (high) 3) Emotional excitement Note: if Cherry Red - late stages of carbon monoxide poisoning
Skin Color: Blotchiness (mottling)
Occasionally in patients who are experiencing Shock
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