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ACE Inhibitors
  • Prevent the synthesis of angiotensin II, a potent vasoconstrictor
  • Used to treat HTN and HF
Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitors
  • Promote the accumulation of acetylcholine, resulting in prolonged cholinergic effects
Adrenergic
  • Produce effects similar to neurotransmitter norepinephrine
Adrenergic Blocking Agents
  • Inhibit the adrenergic system, preventing stimulation of the adrenergic receptors
Aldosterone Receptor Antagonists
  • Block stimulation of mineralcorticoid receptors by aldosterone
  • Reduces high BP by preventing sodium reabsorption
Aminoglycosides
  • Gentamicin, tobramycin, and related antibiotics
  • Particularly effect against gram-negative microorganisms
  • Noted for potentially dangerous toxicity
Analgesics
  • Narcotic and nonnarcotic
  • Relieve pain without producing loss of consciousness or reflex activity
Androgens
  • These steroid hormones produce masculinizing effects
Angiotensin II Receptor Antagonists
  • Also known as ARBs (angiotensin receptor blockers)
  • act by binding to angiotensin II receptor sites, preventing angiotensin II (a very potent vasoconstrictor) from biding to receptor sites in vascular smooth muscle, brain, heart, kidneys, and adrenal gland, thus blocking the blood pressure-elevating and sodium-retaining effects of angiotensin II
Anesthetics
  • Local anesthesia, general anesthesia
  • cause a loss of sensation with or without a loss of consciousness
Antacids
  • Reduce the acidity of the gastric contents
Antianginals
  • used to prevent or treat attacks of angina pectoris
Antianxiety
  • Used to treat anxiety symptoms or disorders
  • also known as minor tranquilizers or anxiolytics, although the term tranquilizer is avoided today to prevent the misperception that the patient is being tranquilized.
Antiarrhyhmics
  • used to correct cardiac arrhythmias (any heart rate or rhythm other than normal sinus rhythm)
Antibiotics
  • used to treat infections caused by pathogenic microbes
  • The term is often used intercharngeable with antimicrobial agents
Anticholinergic
  • Block the action of acetylcholine in the parasympathetic nervous system
  • also known as cholinergic blocking agents, antispasmodics, and parasympatholytic agents
Anticoagulants
  • Do NOT dissolve existing blood clots, but do prevent enlargement or extension of blood clots
Anticonvulsants
  • Suppress abnormal neuronal activity in the CNS
  • Prevents seizures
Antidepressants
  • Relieve depression
Antidiabetics
  • Also known as hypoglycemics
  • Inclused insulin (used to treat type I diabetes mellitus) and oral hypoglycemic agents (used in the treatment of type II diabetes mellitus)
Antidiarrheals
  • Relieve or control the symptoms of acuts or chronic diarrhea
Antiemetics
  • Used to prevent or treat nausea and vomiting
Antifungals
  • Used to treat fungal infection
Antiglaucoma
  • Used to reduce introcular pressure
Antigout
  • Used in the treamtne of active gout attacks or to prevent future attacks
Antihistamines
  • Used ot treat allergy symptoms
  • may also be used to treat motion sickness, insomnia, and other nonallergenic reactions
Antihypertensives
  • Used to treat elevated blood pressure (HTN; hypertension)
Antilipemics
  • used to reduce serum cholesterol and/or triglycerides
Antimicrobials
  • Chemicals that eliminate living microorganisms pathogenic to the patient
  • also called antibiotics or antiinfectives
Antineoplastics
  • Also called chemotherapy agents
  • Used alone or in combination with other treatment modalities such as radiation, surgery, or biologic response modifiers for the treatment of cancer
Antiparkinson's
  • Used in the treatment of Parkinson syndrome and other dyskinesias
Antiplatelets
  • Prevent platelet clumping (aggregation), thereby preventing an esstential step in formation of a blood clot
Antipsychotics
  • Used inthe treatment of sever mental illnesses
  • Also known as a major tranqulizers or neuroleptics
Antipyretics
  • Used to reduce fevers associated with a variety of conditions
Antispasmodics
  • Actually anticholinergic agents
Antithyroid
  • Used to treat the symptoms of hyperthyroidism
  • Also known as thyroid hormone antagonists
Antituberculins
  • Used to prevent or treat an infection caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Antitussive
  • Used to suppress a cough by acting on the cough center of the brain
Antiulcer Agents
  • These drugs, such as histamine-2 antagonists, decrease the volume and increase the pH of gastric secretions
Antivirals
  • Used to treat infections caused by pathogenic viruses
Bronchodilators
  • Stimulate receptors within the tracheobronchial tree to relax and dilate the airway passages, allowing a greater volume of air to be exchanged and improved oxygenation
Beta Blockers
  • Inhibit the activity of sympathetic transmitters, norephinephrine, and epinephrine
  • Used to treat angina, arrhythmias, hypertension, and glaucoma
Calcium Channel Blockers
  • Also called calcium ion antagonists, slow channel blockers or calcium ion influx inhibitors
  • Inhibit the movement of calcium ions across the cell membrane
  • Used to decrease arrhythmias, slow rate of contraciton of the heart, and cause dilation of blood vessels
Carbapenems
  • Antibiotics (imipenem, ertapenem, meropenem) that have a broad spectrum of activity against gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria
  • they act by inhibiting cell wall synthesis
Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors
  • Interfere with the production of aqueous humor, thereby reducing intraocular pressure associated with glaucoma
Cell-stimulating Agents
  • Improve immune function by stimulating the activity of various immune cells
Cholinergic
  • Also known as parasympathomimetics
  • Produce effects similar to those of acetylcholine
Cholinesterase Inhibitors
  • These enzymes destroy acetylcholine, the cholinergic neurotransmitter
Coating Agent
  • This drug, sucralfate, forms a complex that adheres to the crater of an ulcer, protecting it from aggravation by gastric secretions
Colony-stimulating Factors
  • Stimulate progenitor cells in bone marrow to increase numbers of leukocytes, therby improving immune function
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