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6 major ways of public participation
  1. Public Hearing
  2. Public Meeting
  3. Focus Group
  4. Citizen Advisory Committee
  5. Charrette
  6. Surveys
Charrette
Any collaborative session in which a group of designers drafts a solution to a design problem.

(the structure of a charrette varies, often take place in multiple sessions in which the group divides into sub-groups.)

Each sub-group then presents its work to the full group as material for future dialogue. Such charrettes serve as a way of quickly generating a design solution while integrating the aptitudes and interests of a diverse group of people.
When writing a planning report, which of the following is the most important consideration?
Audience
Advocacy Planning is associated closely with Paul Davidoff and Saul Alinsky. Which of the following was the significant effect of the advocacy movement?
Caused social planning to move from back room negotiations into the public forum.
An intensive, interactive problem solving process with meetings convened around the development of specific topics is described as:
A Charrette.
Telephone surveys allow for rapid data collection and easy access to most households. However, from a statistician’s perspective, telephone surveys:
Cannot reach representative samples of some relatively isolated populations.
The advantages and disadvantages of mail surveys
Advantages:
  • Low cost
  • No training costs
  • Convenient to subjects.
Disadvantages:
  • Very high response rate.
All of the following are essential elements of a design Charrette
  • A problem to be solved or worked upon.
  • A group of interested citizens willing to participate.
  • Professional experts both from within the community and from the outside.
All of the following are known for their involvement in organizational approaches to citizen participation
  • Saul Alinsky
  • Susan Arnstein
  • Paul Davidoff
Nominal Group Technique
A decision-making method for use among groups of many sizes, who want to make their decision quickly, as by a vote, but want everyone's opinions taken into account.
Delphi Method
Systematic interactive forecasting method for obtaining forecasts from a panel of
independent experts
Consensus Planning
  • Judtih Innes
  • Decision-making is a group decision making process that not only seeks the agreement of most participants, but also to resolve or mitigate the objections of the minority to achieve the most agreeable decision
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