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The study of the structure of organs & body systems
Anatomy
The study of the fxn of the organs & body systems
Physiology
The smallest parts of elements that still retain all the orginal properties of the element
Atom
A chemical bonding of atoms that possesses its own characteristics independent of teh atoms themselves
Molecules
The basic unit of all life
Cells
Tow or more tissue type work together to perform a specific fxn at the _____ level.
Organ
When organs work together to perform a task the result is a _____ _____.
Organ system
The result of all organ systems working together w/in the body is the _____.
Organism
List the 7 levels in the heirarchy of the structure of the human body.
  • Organism
  • Organ systems
  • Organs
  • Tissue
  • Cells
  • Molecules
  • Atoms
What are the 4 basic tissue types?

  • Epithelial

  • Connective

  • Muscular

  • Nervous

What are the 2 fxns of epithelial tissue?
  • Provide covering (i.e. skin tissue)
  • Produce secretions (i.e. glandular tissue)
Epithelial tissue is classified according to 2 criteria: ____ & _____.
  • # of cell layers
  • Cell shape
Simple epithelium has ____ layer(s) of cells.
One/single
Stratified epithelium has _____ layer(s) of cells.
Multiple/more than one
The fxns of simple epithelium are ____, ____, & ____.
  • Absorption
  • Secretion
  • Filtration
The fxn of stratified epithelium is _____.
Protection
The fxn of connective tissue is _____.
To connect diff structures of the body.
True or false: Epithelial tissue has its own blood supply.
False
True or false: Connective tissue has its own blood supply.
True (it COMMONLY has its own blood suppply, but there are some types of CT, such as ligaments, that do not)
The 4 types of connective tissues include ____, ____, ____, & ____.
  • Bone
  • Cartilage
  • Adipose (fat)
  • Blood vessel
What is the fxn of muscle tissue?
Producing movement
What are the 3 types of muscle tissue?
  • Smooth
  • Cardiac
  • Skeletal
Does skeletal muscle support voluntary or involuntary movement? And why?
Voluntary because it is connected to bones.
Is smooth muscle under voluntary or involuntary control?
Involuntary
Where can smooth muscle be found?
Walls of hollow organs (i.e. intestines, bladder, & uterus)
Is cardiac muscle under voluntary or involuntary control?
Involuntary
Where can cardian muscle be found?
Only in the heart
What is the fxn of nervous tissue?
It provides the structure for the brain, spinal cord, & nerves
_____ are made up of specialized cells called _____ that send electrical impulses throughout the body.
  • Nerves
  • Neurons
What helps protect nervous tissue?
Support cells (i.e. myelin)
The circulatory contains the ____, ____, &____.
  • Heart
  • Blood
  • Blood vessels
The circulatory system is also known as the ____ system.
Cardiovascular
The ____ is an organ that pumps blood throughout the body.
Heart
____ ____ of the heart enables blood to be transported throughout the body.
Rhythmic contractions
What are blood vessels that transport blood away from the heart to the capillaries?
Arteries
What are blood vessels that transport blood from teh capillaries back the heart?
Veins
What are tiny blood vessels that transport blood from arteries to veins w/in the body?
Capillaries
____ also serves as the location for the exchange of oxygen, carbon dioxide, fluid, & nutrients w/in the body.
Capillaries
The heart consists of 4 chambers. What are they?
  • Right atrium
  • Left atrium
  • Right ventricle
  • Left ventricle
What are the 4 valves of the heart?
  • Tricuspid valve
  • Pulmonary valve
  • Mitral valve
  • Aortic valve
Which valves are on the right side of the heart?
Tricuspid & Pulmonary valves
Which valves are on the left side of the heart?
Mitral & Aortic valves
Deoxygenated blood enters the heart through the ____ & ____ ____ ____.
Superior & inferior vena cava
After entering the heart through the Superior & inferior vena cava, the blood travels into the ____ ____.
Right atrium
During contraction of the right atrium, the blood flows through the ____ valve into the ____ ____.
  • Tricuspid valve
  • Right ventricle
When the right ventricle contracts, the blood is pushed through the ____ valve into the ____ artery & ____.
  • Pulmonary valve
  • Pulmonary artery & lungs
Blood picks up oxygen in the ____.
Lungs
Oxygenated blood is carried from the lungs back to the heart via the ____ veins into the ____ ____.
  • Pulmonary
  • Left atrium
From the left atrium, the blood goes through the ____ valve into the ____ ____.
  • Mitral valve
  • Left ventricle
Contraction of the left ventricle forces the blood through the ____ valve, through the ____, & out to the entire body.
  • Aortic valve
  • Aorta
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