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absorption
to take in or soak up
anastomosis
pathological, surgical, or traumatic formation of an opening between two normally separate organs or spaces
ascites
abnormal collection of fluid in the abdominal cavity
bile
a secretion of the liver that emulsifies fats, preparing them for further digestion and absorption in the small intestine
chole-
bile
chyle
a white liquid that consists of products of digestion, chiefly emulsified fats, that passes through the small intestine and into the lymphatic system
chyme
the thick, semifluid contents of the stomach formed during digestion
-cysto
bladder
-docho-
duct
-ectomy
removal of
excision
surgical removal
incision
cut made with a sharp instrument
lysis
dissolution, loosening, or destruction of something
necrosis
tissue death
-oma
tumor
-ostomy
to create a new opening
-otomy
to make an incision into
parietal
refers to the outer portion of a cavity or organ
peristalsis
rhythmic contractions of smooth muscle layers that force food through the GI tract, urine through the ureters, and bile through the CBD
peritoneum
a thin serous membrane that lines the abdominal cavity
portal venous system
venous system that carries blood to a second capillary bed prior to returning the blood to general circulation
-stasis
stoppage or reduction of the flow of bodily fluids
stenosis
narrowing or constriction
ulcer
a crater-like lesion that is usually circular in shape and penetrates the skin; may be very deep, resulting from infections or malignant disease processes
viscera
any organ of a body cavity; usually refers to the abdominal organs
1st region of the abdomen
right hypochondrium
2nd region of the abdomen
epigastrium
3rd region of the abdomen
left hypochondrium
4th region of the abdomen
right lumbar
5th region of the abdomen
umbilical
6th region of the abdomen
left lumbar
7th region of the abdomen
right iliac
8th region of the abdomen
hypogastrium
9th region of the abdomen
left iliac
1st quadrant of the abdomen
right upper quadrant (RUQ)
2nd quadrant of the abdomen
left upper quadrant (LUQ)
3rd quadrant of the abdomen
right lower quadrant (RLQ)
4th quadrant of th abdomen
left lower quadrant (LLQ)
what quadrant is the splenic flexure in
LUQ
what quadrant is the appendix in
RLQ
what quadrant is most of the stomach in
LUQ
what quadrant is the liver in
RUQ
what quadrant is the head of the pancreas in
RUQ
what quadrant is the sigmoid colon in
LLQ
what quadrant is the tail of the pancreas in
LUQ
what quadrant is the spleen in
LUQ
what quadrant is the duodenum in
RUQ
what quadrant is the cecum in
RLQ
what quadrant is the gallbladder in
RUQ
what quadrant is the left ovary in
LLQ
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