Cloned from: Music theory



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How many notes are there in an octave?
12
Give the formula for a major triad.
1, 3, 5

or

root, M3 and P5
What is the 2nd degree of a diotonic scale called?
supertonic

or

II
What is a natural minor scale?
-any scale that contains in its triad 1) the tonic, 2)the minor 3 AND 3)a perfect 5th.
What is the VI chord of the minor key?
Major
Give the formula for a suspended 2 triad (hint: leaves out the 3rd).
1, 2, 5

or

root, M2 and P5
What is the 4th degree of a diotonic scale called?
sub-dominant

or

IV
What step of a relative major does its relative minor begin on?
6
What is the 1st degree of a diatonic scale called?
tonic

or

I
What is the 3rd degree of a diotonic scale called?
mediant

or

III
What is the 5th degree of a diotonic scale called?
dominant

or

V
What is a diatonic scale?
-has 7 notes and each notes has a different letter name
What is the 6th degree of a diotonic scale called?
sub-mediant

or

VI
What is the V chord of the minor key?
minor
What are the two main types of diatonic scales?
major and minor
What is the III chord of the minor key?
major
What is the VI chord of the Major key?
minor
What is the tone/semi tone sequence for a natural minor scale?
T S T T S T T octave
What is the 7th degree of a diotonic scale called?
leading note

or

VII
What are the chords of the minor scale?
I -min II -dim III -Maj IV -min V -min VI -Maj VII -Maj
What do relative major and minor keys share in common?
the same notes and same key signature
What is the VII chord of the minor key?
Major
Name the 7th string on the axe.
B
Give the formula for a diminished triad.
1, b3, b5

or

root, m3 and flat 5
What is the I chord of the Major key?
Major
What notes make up a dominant 7th chord?
Major triad + min7
Give the formula for a suspended 4 triad (hint: leaves out the 3rd).
1, 4, 5

or

root, P4 and P5
How many half steps is a relative minor ABOVE it's relative major?
9
Give the formula for a augmented triad.
1, 3, #5

or

root, M3rd and sharp 5
What step of a relative minor does its relative major begin on?
3
What is the IV chord of the Major key?
Major
What is the tone/semi tone sequence for a major scale?
T T S T T T S octave
What is the II chord of the minor key?
diminished
What are the three main types of chords?
Major, minor and Dominant
What are the chords of the major scale?
I -Maj  II -min  III -min  IV -Maj  V -Maj  VI -min  VII -dim
Name the 5th string on the axe.
A
What is the I chord of the minor key?
minor
What is a harmonic minor scale?
the natural minor scale with an augmented 7th (minor 7th to major 7th)
Name the 6th string on the axe.
E
What is the IV chord of the minor key?
minor
What is a melodic minor scale?
-ascending the 6th and 7th degrees of the scale are raised a half step (minor 6th and 7th to major 6th and 7th) ...kinda half minor and half major
-descending the pattern is that of the natural minor scale.
Give the formula for the minor 7 chord.
1, b3, 5, b7

or

root, m3, P5, m7
Name the 1st string on the axe.
E
What is the III chord of the Major key?
minor
What is the VII chord of the Major key?
diminished
Give the formula for a Major 7 chord.
1, 3, 5, 7

or

root, M3, P5, M7
Explain enharmonic.
Enharmonic equivalents are tones that have the same pitch but different letter names; two tones having the same pitch but different spelling.  Enharmonic intervals are intervals with the same sound that are spelled differentl, of course, from enharmonic tones.
What is the II chord of the Major key?
minor
Name the 3rd string on the axe.
G
Give the formula for a minor triad.
1, b3, 5

or

root, m3 and P5
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