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Plant Tissues (3 types)
Dermal 

Vascular

Ground
Node
Position on a stem where a leaf was or is attached
Internode
Part of the stem between two nodes
axil-
the upper angle formed by a leaf and the twig to which it is attached
Bud
- undeveloped shoot (stem with leaves, budsmay be naked or be protected by bud scales
axillary bud
- bud borne in the axil of a leaf; also called a lateral bud.
gives rise to new lateral shoots
Terminal Bud
Bud borne at the tip of the stem. Some species bear clusters of teerminal buds
Bud Scales
Scale-like modified leaves that cover and protect terminal and axillary buds

Dermal tissues
cover and protect the plant

epidermis
in herbceous plants, dermal tissue consists of a single tissue called...
Monoecious
plants have both carpellate ad staminate flowers
Same house, parents live together
Dioecious plants
Either carpellate or staminate flowers.
Two houses- "di-vorce"
Double fertilization prodces
Zygote and endosperm
Hypocotyl. Terminates into?
Area below point of cotyledon attachment. Terminates into radicle
Epicotyl
occurs above point of cotyledon attachment, but below first leaves
Imbibition
water penetration of the seed coat
Fruit
an ovary and its accessory parts, has developed and matured.
Pericarp
Consists of endocarp, mesocarp, exocarp
Classifications of fruits
Simple Fruits
Aggregate Fruits
Multiple Fruits 
Accessory Fruits
Dehiscent
Fruits splits releasing seeds

indehiscent
Fruits do not split or release seeds
Why are plants more plastic than animals?
They are immobile, can't avoid harsh conditions by simply leaving and going somewher else.
vegetative growth
production of non reproductive leaves

Reproductive growth
production of reproductive structures
Function of roots
Anchor 
Absorb
Store

Adventitious roots
roots arising from a stem or leave
Describe Fibrous roots
many steming from one source

monocots
Describe Tap roots
Single large root Dicoots
What roots are better adapted to shallow soils and or lower amounts of rainfall?
Fibrous
What do Root modifications include?
Prop roots Storage roots Aerial roots Buttress roots Pneumatophores
What are some stem modifications
Rhizomes
Bulbs
Stolons
Tubers
Elongation
primary growth- length of shoot is near shoot tip
Rhizomes
Underground horizonatal stem, for asexual reproduction and food storage
Bulbs
Underground vertical stem- food storage
Onion bulb
Stolon
Above ground horizontal stem, Strawberry stolons.
Asexually Reproduction
Tubers
under ground stem at the ends of RhizomesPotato Tubers
Types of leaves
Simple, 
Compound
Doubly coumpound
Dermal Tissues
Cover and protect the plant in herbaceous non woody plants. consist of tissue called epidermis
Epidermis
Waxy cuticle covering in non woody plants. A layer of tightly packed cells.
Periderm
Bark
Root hairs
extension of epidermal cells
Trichomes
extensions of stem and leaf epidermal cells
Vascular tissue
functions as transportation, fluids
Xylem, and Phloem
Stele
Collective vascular tissue
Pith
Ground tissue internal to the vascular tissue in Eudicots
Cortex
Ground tissue external tothe vasular tissue in Eudicots
Ground Tissue
neither dermal or vascular 
Function
Storrage support, photosyntehtic, can be meristematic
Major plant cell types
Parenchyma
Collenchyma
Sclerenchyma
Conducting cells of sylem and phloem
parenchyma
Thin flexible cell walls
large central vacuole, for water storage
photosynthesis and storage of food
amyloplast
Colorless plastidsfound in parenchyma cells conduct photosynthesis
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