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define menopause
cessation of menstration; also called climacteric or change of life
define pre-menstrual syndrome
symptoms that occur about 1 or 2 weeks before menstruation: breast swelling and tenderness, Acne, Bloating and weight gain, Pain - headache or joint pain Food cravings, Irritability, mood swings, crying spells, depression
define dysmenorrhea
difficult or painful menstration
define amenorrhea
absence or abnormal stopping of menses
define menorrhagia
abnormally profuse menstrual flow
define metrohhagia
uterine bleeding at irregular intervals and sometimes for a prolonged period
define hysteroscopy
a thin telescope that is inserted through the cervix into the uterus
define culdoscopy
examination of the internal female viscera by means of an endoscope inserted through the posterior vaginal fornix
define dyspareunia
painful intercourse
define leukorrhea
white vaginal discharge which is a symptom of vaginitis
define oophoritis
inflamation of the ovaries
define salpingitis
inflammation of the fallopian tubes
define pyosalpinx
A reproductive system disorder in which the Fallopian tubes are distended with pus.
define pelvic exenteration
a radical surgical treatment that removes all organs from a person's pelvic cavity
define vesicovaginal fistula
an abnormal fistulous tract extending between the bladder and the vagina that allows the continuous involuntary discharge of urine into the vagina
define rectovaginal fistula
a fistula between the rectum and the vagina
define laproscopy
a medical procedure which allows a physician to view the abdominal and pelvic organs including the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, liver, gall bladder, intestines
define conization
removal of a cone-shaped portion of the cervix
define prolapsed uterus
a collapse, descent, or other change in the position of the uterus in relation to surrounding structures in the pelvis.
define cystocele
herniation of the urinary bladder into the vagina
define rectocele
herniation of part of the rectum into the vagina
define D&C
Dilation & Curettage -
post-op care of D&C
monitor discharge on peripads q 15 minutes for the first hour, make sure patient is able to boid, educate on expected serosanguanous discharge for several days, report increased or frank bleeding or temperature, no douche, tub baths, tampons, intercourse
define PID
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease -
list 7 symptoms of PID
malodorous discharge, backache, abdominopelvic pain, nausea and vomiting, severe UTI symptoms, fever
give 3 treatments of PID
antibiotics for both partners, bedrest in semifowlers position
define endometriosis
presence of endometrial tissue outside of the uterus
give 5 symptoms of endometriosis
dysmenorrhea, menorrhagia, metrorrhagia, dysparunia
medical treatment of endometriosis
symptom relief, pregnancy, hormone therapy, natural or surgical menopause
surgical treatment of endometriosis
D&C, hysterectomy
define fibroid tumors of the uterus
muscle tumors in the endometrium
give 5 symptoms of fibroid tumors of the uterus
none, pressure in pelvic area, anemia, menorrhagia, dysmenorrhea, malaise
give possible treatments of fibroid tumors of the uterus
yearly pap, D&C, myomectomy, hysterectomy
define PAP test
scraping of the cervix to evaluate cells for cancer
define Schiller's test
after pap, the cervix is painted with an iodine solution and the suspicious cells will not absorb dye, these are biopsied
post-op care of vaginal hysterectomy
observe for drainage - moderate amount is expected for 48 hours and spotting is normal for 2 weeks. catheter is left in place for 4 days
post-op care of abdominal hysterectomy
same as general abdominal surgery
give 4 signs and symptoms of breast cancer
lump, pain, nipple discharge, change in breast appearance
give 3 main ways to detect breast cancer early
self exam, physician exam, mammogram
define incisional biopsy
sections of tissue are removed and inspected
define excisional biopsy
entire lesion is removed
define aspiration biopsy
aspired tissue with needle
types of mastectomy
lumpectomy, partial mastectomy, simple mastectomy, subcutaneous mastectomy, modified radical mastectomy, radical mastectomy
3 points of staging vasis
tumor, nodes, metastasis
post-op care of masectomy
arm positioned on pillow to prevent lymphedema, evaluate affected side circulation, swelling, temp, tingle, cyanosis, pulse, dressing - drainage, extra splinting with coughing and deep breathing, ambulation, encourage self care, no lifing, exercises, skin care, attitudes
define lymphedema
after lymph node removal, there is insufficient lymph tissues to get rid of edema
define cryptorchidism
undescended testicle
define torsion
twisting of the spermatic cord resulting in interruption of blood flow to testicle
define hydrocele
painless swelling of the scrotum caused by fluid accumulation
define varicocele
scrotal swelling caused by varicosities in the spermatic blood vessels
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