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Brain Stem
Diencephalon
-Thalamus
-Hypothalamus
-Epithalamus
Mesencephalon
Pons
Medulla Oblongata
Pre-motor Cortex
-Complex movements
-EX of : ASSOCIATION area
Motor Cortex
Triggers movement from Pre-motor cortex
Controls: Foot, leg, torso, arm, hand, head, face
Parietal Lobe
Sensory Receiving area
Occipital Lobe
Visual
Temporal
Hearing, taste, smell
Deeper= Learning & Memory
Wernicke
General Interprative
Broca
Speech
(anterior to wernicke)
Basal Nuclei
Communicates with Cerebral Cortex
-Caudate nucleus
-Putamen
-Globus Pallidus
-Amygdaloid
Communication b/w Hemi
Fasciculi/ tracts
Fibers
Projection fibers
Fibers connecting cortex to lower brain and spinal cord
Association fibers
Connecting parts within SAME hemisphere
Corpus callosum
Connects left and right hemis
Cerebellum
- Coordinates complex somatic motor patterns
- Adjusts output of other somatic motor centers in brain and spinal cord
Cerebellar Peduncles
- Superior
- Middle
- Inferior
- Info out
- Info in from Upper Brain
- Info in from Spine
Medulla Oblongata
- Relays sensory info to thalamus and rest of brain stem
1. Cardiovascular
2. Respiratory
3. Vasomotor (blood vessels)
Thalamus
Filter for:
1. Sensory Info
2. Influencing Emotional States
Anterior thalamus
Part of Limbic System
- Memory and Emotion
Medial thalamus
Emotional output to prefrontal cortex
Ventral thalamus
Sensory output to sensory cortex
- Relays from cerebellum and basal nuclei to motor cortex
Lateral thalamus
Sensory output to sensory association areas of cortex
Posterior thalamus
Visual to Occipital
Auditory to temporal
Epithalamus
Pineal gland:
- Melatonin= Day - Night
Limbic System
1. Emotional States
2. Linking Conscious of cerebral cortex with Unconscious autonomic of brain stem
3. Facilitating memory storage and retrieval

*Memory Formation
Hypothalamus
Key to LIMBIC SYSTEM
- Temp. Reg
- FOOD intake
- WATER balance
- REPRO behavior
- EMOTIONS
- Pleasure and PAIN
- SLEEP and wakefulness
Parasympathetic dominance is in what area of Hypo
Anterior and Medial aspects
Sympathetic dominance is in what area of Hypo
Lateral and Posterior aspects
Cardiovascular Regulation
Travels through the Medulla where primary Cardiovascular centers reside
Activity in anterior hypothalamus...
Decreases BP
Activity in posterior hypothalamus...
Increases BP
Temperatur Regulation found in...
Preoptic area
Reticular Activating System
Processing: Visual and Auditory data

- Generation of:
1. Reflexive Somatic Motor responses
2. Maintenance of Consciousness
Reticulospinal tracts provide...
Somatic motor control
Red Nuclei (Mesencephalon)
Subconscious control of Upper Limbs
Substantia nigra
Basal nuclei
Alpha Waves
Relaxed, Alert
Beta Waves
Concentrated
Theta Waves
Irritated, frustrated
Delta Waves
Deep Sleep
Sensory memory
simplest
Immediate memory
Shortest- short term
Declarative vs procedural
fact vs skill based
Memories made and stored in...
Amygdala
Hippocampus: Helps with forming
Pyramidal system
From motor cortex through projection fibers
Extrapyramidal
Controls unconscious body movements
- Basal nuclei and cerebellum
Purpose of Basal Nuclei
Connects Cerebral Cortex to Thalamus
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