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Antipsychotics
used to treat schizophrenia and schizophrenia-related disorders
typical "conventional"
  • Chlorpromazine (Thorazine)
  • Haloperidol (Haldol)
  • Perphenazine (generic only)
  • Fluphenazine (generic only
  • clozapine(Clozaril)
    It is a very effective medication that treats psychotic symptoms, hallucinations, and breaks with reality, such as when a person believes he or she is the president
    atypical "new" 2nd generation
    • Risperidone (Risperdal)
    • Olanzapine (Zyprexa)
    • Quetiapine (Seroquel)
    • Ziprasidone (Geodon)
    • Aripiprazole (Abilify)
    • Paliperidone (Invega).
    Atypical antipsychotic medications
    SIDE EFFECTS
    major weight gain and changes in a person's metabolism. This may increase a person's risk of getting diabetes and high cholesterol.A person's weight, glucose levels, and lipid levels should be monitored regularly by a doctor while taking an atypical antipsychotic medication.
    Typical antipsychotic medications
    SIDE EFFECTS
  • Rigidity
  • Persistent muscle spasms
  • Tremors
  • Restlessness.
  • tardive dyskinesia (TD)
    -Long-term use of typical antipsychotic medications
    -causes muscle movements a person can't control. The movements commonly happen around the mouth
    -
    Antidepressants
    selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs).
    2nd gen
  • Fluoxetine (Prozac)
  • Citalopram (Celexa)
  • Sertraline (Zoloft)
  • Paroxetine (Paxil)
  • Escitalopram (Lexapro).
  • serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs)
    2nd gen
    venlafaxine (Effexor) d
    duloxetine (Cymbalta)
    tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs)
    Amitriptyline (Elavil)
    Clomipramine(Anafranil)
    Imipramine(Tofranil)
    Tricyclic antidepressants 
    Side Effects
    • ANTICHOLINERGIC EFFECTS
    Dry Mouth
    Constipation
    Urinary Retention 
    Sexual problems
    Blurred vision
    Drowsiness
    Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs)
    Tranylcypromine (Parnate)
    Phenelzine (Nardil)
    Selegiline (Epedryl)
    People taking MAOIs need to be careful about the foods they eat and the medicines they take. Foods and medicines that contain high levels of a chemical called tyramine are dangerous for people taking MAOIs. Tyramine is found in some cheeses, wines, and pickles. The chemical is also in some medications, including decongestants and over-the-counter cold medicine.
    Absolute Contraindications: Demerol, cough syrup with DM, symphamometics,coccaine.
    Mixing MAOIs and tyramine can cause a sharp increase in blood pressure, which can lead to stroke. People taking MAOIs should ask their doctors for a complete list of foods, medicines, and other substances to avoid
     norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor
    bupropion (Wellbutrin) SR & XL
    starting dose 150mg
    usual dose 150mg/day
    Max dose 450mg IR,XL/day
    Max dose 400mg for SR/2x day
    "black box"
    warning label—the most serious type of warning—on all antidepressant medications. The warning says there is an increased risk of suicidal thinking or attempts in children and adolescents taking antidepressants. In 2007, the FDA proposed that makers of all antidepressant medications extend the warning to include young adults up through age 24.
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