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A legislature composed of individuals who represent the population
Representative Assembly
Rights held to be inherent in natural law, not dependent on governments.
Natural Rights
A voluntary agreement among individuals to secure their rights and welfare by creating a governments and abiding by its rules
Social Contract
A legislature with only one legislative chamber, as opposed to a bicameral (two-chamber) legislature, such as the U.S. Congress.
Unicameral Legislature
A political system in which states or regional governments retain ultimate authority except for those powers the expressly delegate to a central government; a voluntary association of independent states, in which the member states agree to limited restraints on their freedom of action.
A legislature made up of two parts, called chambers.
Bicameral Legislature
A doctrince that asserts the prority of national law over state laws.
Supermacy Doctrine
The compromise between the New Jersey and Virginia plans that created on chamber of the Congress bases on population and one chamber representing each state equally
Great Compromise
The principle of divding government powers among different branches of government
Separation of Powers
A structure of government proposed by James Madison in which the powers of the government are separated into three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial
Madisoniam Model
A major principle of the American system of government whereby each branch of the government can check the actions of the others
Checks and Balances
A group of persons called electors selected by the voters in each state and the District of Columbia; this goup officially elects the president and vice president.
Electoral College
A system of government in which power is divided between a central government and regional, or subdividsional, governments. Each level must have some domain in which its policies are dominant in which its policies are dominant and some genuine political or constitutional guarantee of its authority
Federal system
Formal approval
The name given to one who was in favor of the adpotion of the U.S. Constitution and the creation of a federal union with a strong central government
An individual who opposed the ratification of the new Constitution in 1787.
An international agreement between chiefs of state that does not reuire legislature approval
Executive Agreement
The power of the Supreme Court and other courts to declare unconstitutional federal or state laws and other acts of government
Judicial Review
A rule or regulation issued by the president that has the effect of law.
Executive Order
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