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1.All of the following were early explorers of North America EXCEPT
a)Francisco Coronado
b)Robert La Salle
c)Samuel de Champlain
d)Francisco Pizarro
e)Jacques Marquette
d
2.Which of the following best characterizes Southern society before the Civil War?
a)Half of the slaveowners five or fewer slaves.
b)Most white families owned slaves
d)the percentage of slaveowners was consistent throughout the South.
e)most slaveowners lived in urban areas
a
3.Between 1806 and 1809 nonimportation,  nonintercours,  and imbargo sought to
a)bring peace between France and Great Britain.
b)encourage domestic American manufacturing.
c)force Great Britain to recognize American rights
d)balance Southern and Northern economic power
e)help Britain in the Napoleonic wars
c
4.Which of the following was the first important means of transportation in the United States after independence?
a)canals
b)turnpikes
c)steamboats
d)railroads
e)Clippers ships
b
5.The Missouri Compromise of 1820 did all of the following EXCEPT
a)bring in Maine as a free state
b)bring in Missouri as a slave state
c)prohibit slavery north of latitude 36" 30'.
d)maintain the balance of slave and free states
e)establish the principle of popular sovereignty south of 36" 30'
e
During the contest of opinion through which we have passed the animation of discussions and of exertions has sometimes worn an aspect which impose on strangers unused to think freely and to speak and to write what they think;  but this being now decided by the voice of the nation,  arrange themselves under the will of the law,  and unite in common efforts for the common good.....Let us, then,  fellow-citizens,  unite with one heart and one mind...We have called by different names brethren of the same principle.
6.The above passage is most likely to be found in which of the following?
a)Washington's farewell address
b)Lincoln's first inaugural address
c)Jackson's first inaugural address
d)Jefferson's first inaugural address
e)Declaration of Independence
d
During the contest of opinion through which we have passed the animation of discussions and of exertions has sometimes worn an aspect which impose on strangers unused to think freely and to speak and to write what they think;  but this being now decided by the voice of the nation,  arrange themselves under the will of the law,  and unite in common efforts for the common good.....Let us, then,  fellow-citizens,  unite with one heart and one mind...We have called by different names brethren of the same principle.
6.The above passage is most likely to be found in which of the following?
7.The author wants primarily to convince his audience that
a)political parties are harmful
b)political strife is foreign to the American character
c)party strife is indicative of fundamental philosophical differences
d)party strife should be forgotten once the will of the people has been expressed in an election
d
7.The author wants primarily to convince his audience that
a)political parties are harmful
b)political strife is foreign to the American character
c)party strife is indicative of fundamental philosophical differences
d)party strife should be forgotten once the wil of the people has been expressed in an election
e)only the members of his party are acting in accordance with the rules of the Constitution.
d
8.The Declaration of Independence stated that
a)men are created unequal
b)governments derive their powers from God
c) it was not right athat a small island should rule a large continent
d)people have the right to abolish governments destructive of their rights
e)there shall be no taxation without represention.
d
9.According to the Treaty of Paris of 1783,  the boundaries of the United States were
a)Canada,  the Gulf of Mexico,  and the Mississippi River.
b
10.In 1858 at Freeport,  Illinois,  Stephen Douglas argued that
a)congress should bar slavery from the territories.
b)slavery should be abolished in Washington,  D.C
c)slavery could be kept out of the territories if people in the territories failed to pass laws to protect it.
d)the slave trade should be declared illegal.
e)slavery should be allowed in all the territories
c
12.Which of the following was NOT involved in the "triangular trade" of the colonial period?
a)Rum
B)Molasses
c)Cotton
D)Slaves
E)Tobacco
c
13.Those who supported ratification of the Constitution were called
a)Federalists
b)Democrats
c)Whigs
d)Antifederalists
e)Republicans
a
14.Robert E.Lee surrendered to Ulysses Grant at
a)Spotsylvania
b)Appomattox
c)Cold Harbor
d)Raleigh
E)Richmond
b
15.The French and Indian War took place during
a)1740-1748
b)1754
c)1689-1699
d)1702-1713
e)1776-1783
b
16.Colonial law generally defined slaves as chatte.  This meant that slaves were considered as
a)human beings with limited rights
b)servants who served for a limited period of time
c)slaves who received freedom upon the death of their masters
d)pieces of property with no rights
e)employees who received pay for their work
d
17.The Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions of 1798 introduced which of the following ideas?
a)Federal laws take precedent over state wishes.
b)The years of residence required for naturalization should be increased from five to 14
c)It is illegal to make "false,  scandalous,  malicious"  statements against the federal government.
d)Individual states could nullify or set aside federal laws with which they disagreed.
e)a protective tariff was harmful to the economic interests of the South.
d
18.The Judiciary Act of 1789 established
a)a nine-judge Supreme Court
b)13 circuit courts
c)three district courts
d)the office of attorney general
e)the power of the Supreme Court to review the constitutionality of federal laws
d
19.Alexander Hamilton's legislative program for the new republic included all of the following EXCEPT
a)the Bank of the United States.
b)organization of the federal judiciary
c)assumption of Confederation and state debts
d)promotion of domestic manufacturing
e)a system of excise taxes.
b
21.The leading scientist in colonial America was
a)John Peter Zenger
b)Jonathan Edwards
c)William Byrd
d)Benjamin Franklin
e)George Whitefield
d
22.Which of the following correctly decribes women's rights in midnineteenth century America?
a)A married woman controlled her own property
b)Husbands were forbidden to beat their wives
c)Women could freely enter professions such as medicine and law
d)Women could not claim money they had earned.
e)Women had the right to vote in federal elections.
d
23.Uner Lincoln's plan of Reconstruction,  Southern states could resume their part in the Union after
a)50 percent of the voter as of 1860 took an oath of allegiance
b)10 percent of the voters as of 1860 took an oath of allegiance.
c)alloqing blacks to vote
d)adopting the Thirteenth Amendment which abolished slavery.
e)repudiating debts accumulated under the Confederacy.
b
25.Which of the following was NOT characteristic of pre_Civil War American cities?
a)Rapidly rising death rates
B)increase of crime
c)Extensive sewer systems
d)Growth of slums
e)increase of population
c
26.The first armed conflict in 1775 between the Americans and British soldiers took place at
a)Fort Ticonderoga
b)Bunker HIll
c)Lexington-Concord
d)Boston
e)Yorktown
c
27.By opening territory north of 36*30' to slavery,  the Kansas-Nebraska Act repealed the
a)Dred Scott decision
b)Compromise of 1850
c)Wimot Proviso
d)Missiouri Compromise
e)Northwest Ordinance
d
29.In 1819 the United States obtained Florida from
a)Great Britain
b)Spain
c)France
d)Mexico
e)Portugal
b
30.Which of the following does NOT describe the Louisiana Purchase of 1803?
a)The United States purchased Louisiana from France for $15 million.
b)Jefferson expanded the powers of the presidency
c)French power expanded in the Western Hemisphere
d)The United States doubled in size
e)The treaty of cession left some of the boundaries vague
c
32.The Whiskey Rebellion of 1794 protested
a)Prohibition
b)a 25 percent tax on whiskey
c)government regulation of whiskey
production
d)the lifting of import duties on whiskey
e)a 30 percent drop in whiskey prices
b
31.What territory gained independence in 1836?
a)California
b)Oregon
c)texas
d)Kansas-Nebraska
e)Missouri
c
33.Which of the following best describes the First Bank of the United States?
a)It was solely a privated business enterprise
b)it was solely a federal government enterprise
c)it was a joint private-public enterprise
d)it was a joint state-federal government enterprise
e)it was joint state-private enterprise
c
34.which of the following correctly describes the Puritans/
a)their primary goal was to find gold
b)they established the Virginia colony.
c)they established an economy based on tobacco
d)they wanted to build a society based upon biblical teachings.
e)they established religious toleration
d
35.The Federal Constitution
a)abolished slavery
b)did not count slaves for purposes of representation
c)counted 3/5 of slaves for purposes of representation
d)explicityly legalized slavery
e)counted all slaves for purposes of representation
c
36.Historians believe the British trade regulation during the colonial period
a)were bad for all the American colonies
b)favored the Southern colonies over the Northern colonies
c)provided both advantages and disadvantages for the American colonies
d)encouraged the development of colonial industry
e)favored the Northern colonies over the Southern colonies
c
37.The Northwest Ordinance of 1787 established what precedent for new territories?
a)Support for public education
b)Equality of new states with old
c)Fair treatment of Indians
d)Prohibition of slavery
e)Popular sovereignty
b
38.The American Revolutionaries gained help from which of the following?
a)France
b)Mexico
c)Canada
d)Italy
e)Germany
a
39.In the controversy over the lands belonging by treaty to the "Five civilized Tribes,"  the Jackson administration
a)destroyed the tribes militarily
b)forced Georgia to restore the lands to the Indians
c)forced the Indians to be removed to the West.
d)called upon the Supreme Court to decide the issue
e)divided the lands between georgia and the Indians
c
40.Which of the following statements best describes the ethnic makeup of colonial America?
a)French Huguenots settled heavily in New England
b)Germans concentrated in Pennsylvania
c)The Scotch-Irish moved into the southern tidewater area
d)Maryland was largely a Dutch-dominated colony
e)Spanish and Portuguese Jews settled in the Appalachian backcountry
b
41.After which of the following dates was there little criticism of slavery within the South?
a)1776
b)1789
c)1815
d)1832
e)1850
d
42.Which of the following was response to the Stamp Act?
a)The Boston Tea party
b)The battle of Lexington
c)The Paxton Boys' march on Philadelphia
d)Nonimportation of British goods
e)The Boston Massacre
d
43.The American public protested the Jay Treaty of 1794 because it
a)failed to get British soldiers out of the Northwest posts
b)arranged compensation for slaves freed by the British during the Revolution
c)allowed extensive trade with the West Indies
d)did nothing about British seizure of American vessels in the French West Indies.
e)settled Canadian boundary questions
d
44.Which of the following served as Union general?
a)Joseph Johnston
b)Thomas Jackson
c)William T. Sherman
d)Robert E. Lee
e)J.E.B Stuart
c
45.The central compromise of the Constitutional Canvention involved the issue of
a)balance of powers within the federal government
b)relationship of state and federal powers
c)abandonment of the Articles of Confederation
d)representation of large and small states
e)the powers of the presidency
d
46.The map on the previous page represents the U.S in what year?
a)1804
b)1821
c)1845
d)1848
e)1853
b
47.Which of the following was NOT a cause of the Panic of 1837?
a)the building up of surpluses in the nation's factories
b)Destruction of the Second Bank of the United States
c)Overextension of bank credit
d)A poor wheat crop
e)The Specie Circular of 1836
a
49.Which Supreme Court chief justice oversaw the development of the Court's power to judge the constitutionality of acts of Congress?
a)John Marshall
b)John Jay
c)Roger Taney
d)Alexander Hamilton
e)Oliver Wendell Holmes,Jr.
a
50.Which of the following opposed rechartering the Second Bank of the United States?
a)Nicholas Biddle
b)Henry Clay
c)Daniel Webster
d)Andrew Jackson
e)John Marshall
d
51.Under the Articles of Confederation,  the Congress lacked the Power to
a)control foreign affairs
b)coin money
c)settle disputes among the states
d)tax
e)John Marshall
d
52.In the election of 1860,  Abraham Lincoln won
a)a majority of the popular vote
b)the electoral votes of Kentucky and Maryland
c)less than half of the electoral vote
d)the Northern and Midwestern states
e)the electoral votes of Virginia and Tennessee.
d
53.Which of the following groups tended to support the Federalists?
a)Small farmers
b)Small businessmen
c)Wealthy merchants
d)Baptist and Methodist ministers
e)Skilled craftsmen
c
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