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2.Those who opposed ratification of the Constitution were called
3.Which of the following events is placed in the INCORRECT year?
A)1954-Kansas_Nebraska Act
b)1857-Dred Scott decision
c)1858-Lincoln-Douglas debates
d)1859-John Brown's raid on Harper's Ferry
e)1861-South Carolina secedes from the Union
4.Patroons were which of the following?
a)a religious group that settled in the Carolinas
b)An Indian tribe invoved in the Pequot War
c)The founders of Pennsylvania
d)A colonial farm implement
e)Owners of large tracts of land in New Netherlands
6.The largest city in the Southern colonies was
d) Wilmington
7.The American colonists were able to control the power of the Royal governors through what means?
a)The assemblies controlled all grants of money to be spent by the colonial governments
b)The assemblies appointed the governor
c)the assemblies could dismiss the governor
d)The assemblies established the constitutions that defined the governor's powers
e)The asemblies could passs laws over the governor's veto
8."Popular soereignty"meant that
a)slavery would not be allowed north of 36*30'
b)all territories would be permanently open to slavery
c)the states would decide themselves whether to be slave or free
d)no territories from the Mexican Cession would be open to slavery
e)slavery would be banned in the Southern states
9.Which of the following served as president of the Confederate States of America?
a)Robert E. Lee
b)John C. Calhoun
c)Robert Y. Hayne
d)Jefferson Davis
e)Alexander H.Stephens
10.Which of the following did NOT experience a Gold Rush after 1859?
c)South Dakota
11.What nationality group introduced the log cabin to the American colonies?
12.The Treaty of Paris,  formally ending the War of Independence,  was signed in
13.Which of the following correctly describes the attitutde of Lincoln and Johnson toward Reconstruction?
a)They regarded the South as conquered provinces
b)They regarded the South as unorganized territory
c)They saw the Civil War as rebellion of individuals
d)They supported the establishment of Black Codes
e)They believed that Congress had the responsibility for Reconstruction
14.According to the Constitution as passed in 1787 and ratified in 1789,  a slave was equal to what fraction of a citizen for purposes of representation?
15.What Union general emerged to prominence in the Western thearte of the Civil War?
a)George B. McClellan
b)Ulysses S. Grant
c)Irving McDowell
d)John Pope
e)George G. Meade
16.Which of the following was NOT a prominent critic of slavery?
a)George B. McClellan
b)Harriet Beecher Stowe
c)William Lloyd Garrison
d)John C. Calhoun
e)Frederick Douglas
17.The most influential of the organized religious philosophies produced by eighteenth century rationalism and jumanism was
18.The Alien and Sedition Acts included all of the following EXCEPT
a)increasing the residency requirements for U.S. citizenship
b)extended presidential powers to remove  foreign residents of the United States
c)a threat to the jury system
d)restriction of an opposition press
e)the curtailment of free speech in America
19.In response to the passage of the Alien and Sedition Acts by the Federalist Congress,  Thomas Jefferson and James Madison
a)drafted the Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions which supported the  concept of states' rights
b)violated the Sedition Act in an effort to test its constitutionality
c)demanded that the Alien Acts be submitted to a national referendum
d)proposed a constitutional amendment limiting the president's power to enforce the acts
e)urged the Republican members of Congress to boycott its sessions until the acts were repealed
20.At the Hartford Convention the
a)Republicans strongly reaffirmed the states' right doctrine of the Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions
b)governors of the New England states presented a resolution criticizing the Southern states for failing to support the war
c)"war hawks" demanded the immediate invasion of Canada
d)Federalists proposed a constitutional amendment which would restrict the president to a single term and would prohibit succesive presidents from the same state
e)Republicans agreed to accept highter tariffs in return for the Federalists accepting the Embargo Acts
21.The doctrine of nullification put forth by John C. Calhoun in The South Carolina Exposition and Protest,  published anonymously in 1828, held that
a)federal laws could be nullified only by amending the Constitution
b)the Supreme Court had the sole power to nullify state and federal laws through the process of judicial review
c)state and federal laws could be nullified only by the legislative
d)the citizens of a state in a called convention could nullify state laws if these laws contradicted federal policies
e)if a state judged a federal law to violate the Constitution, the state could declare the law null and void within its borders
22.Which of the following authors is correctly paired with the work that he wrote?
a)Herman Melvill: The Sketch Book
b)James Fenimore Cooper:Conspiracy of Pontiac
c)Nathaniel Hawthorn:  The Scarlet Letter
d)Washington Irving: The Raven
e)Edgar Allen Poe:The House of the Seven Gables
23.Gabriel Prosser,  Denmark Vesey, and Nat Turner were leaders of
a)the post-Revolutionary movement to establish separate and independent churches of the nation's free blacks
b)unsuccessful slave revolts in the Southern states
c)the efforts to provide educational opportunities for free blacks
during the antebellum period
d)the movement to return freed slaves to Africa
e)the American Anti-Slavery Society,  The American Colonization Society,  and the Knights of Liberty,  respectively
24.In general,  most Europeans considered the Indians to be
a)descendants of one of the lost tribes of Israel
b)survivors of the ancient civilization of Atlantis
c)heathens who were inferior beings
d)equal to the Europeans
e)innocent "children" who should not be contaminated by European civilization
26.The compretion of the Eirie Canal in 1825 resulted in all  of the following EXCEPT
a)increased profitableness of farming in the Old Northwest
b)encourageing the emigration of European immigrants and New England farmers to the Old Northwest
c)forcing many New Englanders either to abandon their farms or to switch to dairy,  fruit,  and vegetable farming
d)a weakened political alliance between the farmers of the Old Northwest and the planters of the South
e)strengthening the dependency of farmers in the Old Northwest on the Mississippi River system for access to markets
I.was taken captive by an English trader and held as hostage at Jamestown
II.married John Rolfe
IV. died in England
a)I only
b)II only
c)I and III only
d)II and IV only
e)I,II,III, and IV
28.The trial of John Peter Zenger in 1735 for seditious libel
a)established the government's right to censor the press
b)encouraged editors to be more critical of public officials
c)resulted in a "hung jury" and a dismissal of the charges
d)determined that government censorchip of the press was unconstional
e)found Zenger guilty
29.Thomas Paine's pamphlet Common Sense introduced a new element into the debate with Britain by
a)calling for complete independence of the colonies and attacking not only King George III but also the idea of monarchy
b)emphasizing that both internal and external taxes could be levied on the colonies by the Parliament in London
c)rejecting John Locke's contract theory of government
d)arguing that taxation for the purpose of paying the government debt contracted udring the French and Indian Was was acceptable
e)suggesting that the colonies reconcile their difference with the government in London
30.New York was an English colony because the
a)English conquered the area from the Dutch
b)English settlers in the area gradually overwhelmed the French
and Swedes
c)England laid claim to the area by right of colonization
d)Dutch and Swedes of the area petitioned the English to annex
e)Treaty of Tordesillas gave the area to the English
31.The Scotish-Irish immigrants to the English colonies in North America
I.felt little loyalty to either the English government or the Anglican church
II.came in large numbers in the century due to deteriorating conditions in the Irish woolens industry
III.generally settled on the frontier where they demonstrated a remarkable degree of resourcefulness,  rugged individuality,  and self-reliance
IV. were predominantly Roman Catholics
a)I only
b)II only
c)I,II, and III only
d)II,III, and IV only
e)I,II,III and IV
32.Most of the slaves who came to the 13 mainland colonies in British North America
a)were from the southern part of Africa in what is today South Africa
b)were granted their freedom after a specified period of service
c)never made up more than five percent of the pupulation of any colony
d)were considered to be property and as such could be used as collateral for loans
e)were protected from physical harm by the Roman Catholic church's Canon Law

33.The Battle of Saratoga resulted in
a)Spain entering into a military alliance with the British in order to protect the Spanish colonies in the Americas
b)the French formally recognizing American independence and making an open treaty of alliance with the Americans
c)convincing the Indians to join the Americans in their struggle against the British
d)isolating New England from the other colonies
e)the Americans accepting British offers of reconciliation
34.The new state constitutions adopted during the American Revolution
a)eliminated all property qualifications for voting
b)generally did not contain a bill of rights
c)abolished the office of governor
d)provided ofr unicameral legislatures
e)generally protected the people's civil liberties with a bill of rights
36.The Connecticut Compromise advocated by Roger Sherman proposed settling the issue of representation in Congress by
a)giving each state two senators,  with the vote in the Senate to be by individuals and not states
b)having the members of both houses of Congress chosen by the state legislatures
c)providing for the popular election of both houses of Congress
d)apportioning representation in the House of Representatives according to pupulation
e)Both(a) and (D)
37.While Chief Justice John Marshall presided over the Supreme Court, its decisions
a)were generally protective of states' rights
b)showed no clear leaning toward either a "broad" or "strict" interpretation of the Constitution
c)laid the groundwork for a "broad" interpretation of the Constitution
d)reflected the impact of Thomas Jefferson's Kentucky Resolutions
e)were hostile to the development of business
38.George Washington responded to the Whiskey Rebellion in the western counties of Pennsylvania by
a)ignoring it until it died out
b)dispatching Alexander Hamilton,  Secretary of the Treasury, to negotiate a reduced tax with the protesters
c)calling a special session of Congress to deal with the problem
d)sending an army larger than any he had ever commanded in the revolution to put down the revolt
e)requesting an advisory opinion from the Supreme Court on the constitutionality of the excise tax
39.The purchase of the Louisiana territory
I.doubled the size of the United States
II.guaranteed Western farmers access to the Mississippi River as an avenue of trade
III.presented Jefferson with a constitutional dilemma since he was a"strict" constructionist
IV.gave the United States control of the prot of New Orleans
a)I and II only
b)I and III only
c)I,II, and III only
d)I,II, and IV only
e)I,II,III, and IV
40.The Webster-Ashburton treaty of 1842
a)forced the United States to give up the Mesabi iron range
b)was concerned in part with joint Anglo-American efforts to supress the African slave trade
c)settled the dispute over the Oregon boundary
d)was not ratified by the Senate
e)led to Daniel Webster's resifnation as secretary of state
41.The Kansas-Nebraska Act(1854)
a)repeated the basic ideas of the Missouri Compromise
b)ended the controversy over slavery in Kansas
c)did not allow the use of pupular sovereignts in either Kansas or Nebraska
d)reopened the intense sectional controversy over the question of slavery in the territories
e)was supported by Abraham Lincoln
42.The ultimate goal of Andreww Jackson's policy toward the Indians during his presidency was to
a)advocatetheir complete assimilation into white society
b)extend citizenship and the franchise to adult Indian male property owners
c)remove them to lands in the Trans-Mississippi West
d)preserve their culture as vital part of American civilization
e)encourage the peaceful coexistence of Indians and whites in an atmosphere of trust
43.Andrew Jackson defended his policy of"rotation in office" which became known as the "spoils system"by asserting that
I.a man should serve a term in office then return to the status of private citizen. who held office too long became corrupted by a sense of power
III.the duties of government were too complex for the average citizen
IV.political appointments by newly elected officials promoted democracy
A)I and II only
b)II and III only
c)III and IV only
d)I,II, and IV only
e)I,II,III,and IV
44."For abolishing the free System of English Laws in a neighbouring Province,  establishing therein an Arbitrary government,  and enlarging its Boundaries so as to render it at once an example and fit intrument for introducing the same absolute rule into these Colonies."
In the above passage,  Thomas Jefferson indicts King George III and Parliament for the
a)Quartering Act
b)Prohibitory Act
c)Quebec Act
D) Stamp Act
e)Townshend Acts
45.William LLoyd Garrison persuaded the American Anti-Slavery Society to endorse the concept of
a)compensated emancipation
b)gradual emacipation
c)immediate emancipation
e)violent revolution
46.In the presidential election of 1860,
I.the Democratic party factionalized and nominated two candidates
II.the election evolved into a contest between Abraham Lincoln and Stephen A.  Douglas in the North,  And John C. Breckinridge and John Bell in the South.
III.Abraham Lincoln won less than 50 percent of the popular vote candidate received a majority of the pupular vote
a)I and II only
b)II and III only
c)III and IV only
d)II,III, and IV only
e)I,  II,III, and IV
47.When the Civil War starte,  Abraham Lincoln's primary objective was
a)to abolish slavery
b)to promote the growth of industry in the NOrth
c)to preserve the Union
d)to expand presidential powers
e)to punish the South
48.The radical abolitionists who appeared in the early 1830s viewed slavery as
a)a great moral evil
b)an economic problem
c)a problem with no solution
d)a dying institution
e)a problem whose solution should be left to the slave states
49.Both President Andrew Johnson's plan for Reconstruction and that of Congress required the former Confederate states to
a)enfranchise the freed slaves\
b)exted civil and politica equality to the freed slaves
c)ratify the Thirteenth ,Fourteenth,  and Fifteenth Amendments
d)draft new state constitutions
e)compensate the slaveowners for the loss of their slaves
50.Most of the decimation of the Indian ppupulation in the Americas during the sixteenth century resulte from
a)tribal warfare
c)European diseases
d)enslavement by the Europeans
e)was with the Europeans
51.All of the following were responsible for the developmnet of Western European expansion in the fifteenth century EXCEPT
a)the desire to break the monopoly of the ITalian states on trade with Asia
b)advances in navigational knowledge and ship design
c)the emergence of nation-states
d)an ideology that claimed superiority for the Europeans and inderiority for other peoples
e)Thomas Malthus' theory that the population of Western Europ would eventually outstrip its food supply
52.The first permanent English colony in North America was
a)on Roanoke Island in North Carolina,  Developed by Sir Walter Raleigh
b)the Massachusetts Bay colony, developed by the Puritans
c)the Jamestown colony,  developed by the Virginia Company
d)the Avalon colony in Newfoundland,  developed by Lord Bartimore
e)the Plymouth colony on Cape Cod Bay,  developed my the settlers from the Mayflower
55.The Maryland Toleration Act of 1649 provided for
a)the tolerance of most Christian churches
b)freedom of conscience for those not accepting the Trinity
c)an end to tax support for any church
d)a complete separation of church and state
e)The extension of the vote to Jews and Non-Christians
56.The colony founded as haven for Quakers was
a)New Jersey
c)Rhode Island
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