Cloned from: Medications AEMT

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What is the trade name of Albuterol?
Proventil, Ventolin
Classification of Albuterol
Bronchodilator, Sympathomimetic
Action/Effects of Albuterol
A beta2 adrenergic agonist which helps relax the bronchial smooth muscles
Indication of Albuterol
Asthma, Relief of bronchospasm with reversible obstructive airway disease.
Contraindications of Albuterol
These are relative to pt. symptoms: Cardiac dysrhythmias, Tachyarrhythmia's, Angina, HTN, diabetes
Side Effects of Albuterol
Tremors, Dizziness, Anxiety, Palpitations, Tachycardia
Adult Dose of Albuterol
2.5mg/3ml of NS
Pediatric of Albuterol
2.5mg/kg in 3cc of NS > 1 year old

1.5mg/kg in 3cc of NS < 1 year old
What is the trade names for Aspirin?
ASA, Baby aspirin, Bayer
Class of Aspirin
Platelet aggregation inhibitor; nonstreoidal anti-inflammatory; analgesic.
Action/Effects of Aspirin
Decreases platelet aggregation, prolongs clotting time, antipyretic activity
Indication of Aspirin
MI, Coronary artery disease, Pericaditis (inflammation of the pericardium)
Contraindications of Aspirin
Hypersensitivity, Pt. already on anticoagulants, Bleeding disorders
Side effects of Aspirin
Heart burn, Nausea, Wheezing, Tinnitus
Adult dose of Aspirin
324mg (2-4 tablets 81mg per tablet)
Cautions for Aspirin
Pediatics, GI bleeds
Trade name of Atropine Sulfate
Atropine
Classification of Atropine
Parasympatholytic, Anticholinergic agent
Action/Effects of Atropine
Increases HR, Contractility, Automaticity, Conduction, and dilation of the peripheral vessels.  Works mainly of the Atrium
Indications of Atropine
Symptomatic Bradycardia, PEA, Organophosphate poisoning
Contraindication of Atropine
Hypersensitivity, Tachycardia, Relative or not functional uses 2nd and 3rd degree AV heart block
Side Effects of Atropine
Increased Cardiac consumption, Dryness in mouth, Headache, Dizziness, Nausea and Vomiting
Adult Dose of Atropine
Brady .5mg

Organophosphate poisoning 2-5mg 
Pediatric Dose for Atropine
.02mg/kg IV, ET


Minimun .1mg
Cautions for Atropine
A-Fib, A-Flutter, Glaucoma, and COPD
Trade name for Diphenhydramine
Benadryl
Classification of Benadryl
Antihistamine
Action/Effects of Benadryl
Block histamine receptors.  This is at the H1 sites


High dose cause Anitcholinergic activity
Indication of Benadryl
Anaphylaxis, Allergic reaction
Contraindication of Benadryl
Asthma, Hypersensitivity, Pregnancy, nursing mothers
Side Effects of Benadryl
Thicken bronchial secretions, Hypotension, Drowsiness, Dizziness, Tremors
Adult dose of Benadryl
50mg IM
Pediatric dose of Benadryl
1-3mg/kg IM/IV
Trade name of Epinephrine 1-1,000
Adrenalin 1-1,000
Classification of Epi 1:1
Bronchodilator, Cardiac Stimulant, Sympathomimetic
Action/Effects of Epi 1:1
SQ=Bronchodilator and relief of bronchial edema, Beta 1 and 2


IV=Increases HR, Vasocontricts, Alpha 1 & Beta 2
Indication of EPI 1:1
Anaphylaxic, Acute Allergic Reactions, Asthma, Shock
Side Effects of Epi 1:1
Tremors, Dizziness, Anxiety, Palpitations, Tacycardia, Acute Hypertension
Adult dose of EPI 1:1
.3-.5 mg SQ


Pediatric does of EPI 1:1
.01mg/kg with a max dose of .3mg for anaphylaxis
What is the Trade name for EPI 1:10?
Adrenalin 1:10
Classification of EPI 1:10
Sympahtomimetic, Cardiac Stimulant, Bronchodilator
Action/Effects of EPI 1:10
Increase cardiac resistance, BP, Electrical activity, O2 needs, contractility, and myocardial activity.  Alpha 1 and Beta 1
Indication of EPI 1:10
Cardiac Arrest V-fib, V-Tach, Asystole, PEA, and profound Bradycardia
Side Effects of EPI 1:10
Hypertension, Peripheral constriction
Adult Dose of EPI 1:10
0.5-1mg IV every 3-5 minutes

(ET is 2-2 1/2 time the dose w/20cc flush)
Max does of EPI 1:10
None is life threatening emergency
Pediatric dose of EPI 1:10
0.01 mg/kg IV/IO with a max dose of 1mg IV


0.1 mg/kg ET (1-1,000) q 3-5 min w/3-5cc flush
Cautions of Epi 1:10
DO NOT mix with NaHCO3, Heat destroys this drug
Trade name of Glucose or Dextrose
D 50, 50% Dextrose
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