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Anasarca
Severe generalized edema
Atony
Lack of normal tone or strength. in OB lack of strength in the uterus to contract can lead to hemorrhage in which case uterine massage is suggested, an empty bladder, and the doctor might order oxytocics (oxytocin, methergine)
Brown fat
Source of heat unique to the neonate that is capable of greater thermogenic (heat producing) activity than ordinary fat. Deposits are formed around the adrenal glands, kidneys, and neck ; between scapulas ; and behind the sternum, and they remain for several weeks after birth.
Cerclage
Prophylactic technique done when the cervix is incompetent, it uses suture material to constrict the internal os of the cervix. Aids in preserving the pregnancy. Placed in about the 10-14 week of gestation and removed at about the 37th week.
Direct Coombs\' test
Laboratory blood test to detect autoantibodies against red blood cells, which can cause cellular damage. These antibodies result in hemolytic anemia. Normal findings : negative, no agglutination.
Dizygotic
Of or pertaining to twins from 2 fertilized ova.
Eclampsia
Most severe form of pregnancy induced hypertension (gestational htn GH), characterized by toxic and grand mal convulsions, coma, htn, albumenuria, and edema.
Erythroblastosis fetalis
Hemolytic anemia in newborns resulting from maternal fetal blood group incompatibility, especially involving the RH factor and ABO blood groups.
Gestational Diabetes Mellitis (GDM)
Disorder characterized by an impaired ability to metabolize carbohydrates, usually caused by a deficiency of insulin ; occurs in pregnancy and disappears after delivery but in some cases returns years later.
Glycosylated Hemoglobin
This test procedures an accurate long term index of the patients average blood glucose level by by measuring the patients glycohemoglobin (ghb). Glycohemoglobin is a minor hemoglobin that makes up 4%-8% of the total hemoglobin. It is a combinatn of hemoglobin and blood glucose. This test can have a blood sample drawn at any time because its not affected by short term variations. This test reflects the average blood sugar level for the 100-120 day period before the test.
High-risk pregnancy
Condition in which the life or health of the mother or infant is jeopardized by a disorder coincidental with or unique to pregnancy.
Hydramnios
Abnormal condition of pregnancy characterized by an excess of amniotic fluid.
Hyperbilirubinemia
An excess of bilirubin in the blood of the newborn.
Incompetent cervix
Passive and painless dilation of the cervix during the second trimester of pregnancy ; it is variable and exists as a continuum that is determined in pary by cervical length.
Indirect Coombs Test
Laboratory blood test that detects circulating antibodies against red blood cells (RBC) . The test can detect RH antibodies in maternal blood and is used to anticipate hemolytic disease of te newborn.
Kernicterus
Abnormal toxic accumulation of bilirubin in central nervous system tissue caused by hyperbilirubinemia (an excess of bilirubin in the blood of the newborn).
Kick count
Daily counting of fetal movements felt in 1 hour while the mother is resting.
Monozygote
Originating or coming from a single fertilized ovum, such as identical twins
Morbidity
An illness or an abnormal condition or quality; the rate at which an illness occurs in a particular area of population.
Mortality
The condition of being subject to death ; number of deaths in a specific population, usually expressed at death per 1,000, 10,000, or 100,000
Phototherapy
Treatment for hyperbilirubinemia and jaundice in newborn that involves the exposure to light ; accelerates the excretion of bilirubin in the skin, decomposing it by photooxidation.
Placental barrier
Obstruction, boundary, or separation provided by the placental tissue between the fetal and maternal circulation ; substances of small size, excluding blood cells, may cross this barrier.
Preeclampsia
An abnormal condition of pregnancy characterized by the onset of acute HTN after the 20th week of gestation. 3 Most common symptoms edema, HTN, and protienuria although headaches and blurred vision are also seen.
Severe Preeclampsia
BP 160/110 twice within 6 hrs apart on bedrest, edema of the face, hands, sacral area, abdomen, and throughout the lower extremities, increase of weight of 2 lbs within days or a week. Urine albumin 3+ 4+, output less than 500ml/ 24 hrs
TORCH (Toxoplasmosis, Other, Rubella virus, Cytomegalovirus, and Herpes simplex virus)
Group of agents that can infect the fetus or the newborn infant, causing a constellation of morbid effects called TORCH syndrome.
Hyperemesis Gravidarum/ Pernicious vomiting
Extreme vomiting and retching of unknown cause nut related to high levels of HCG. It causes electrolyte (decressed potassium and dehydration), metabolic (acid-base imbalance), and nutritional imbalances (borderline starvation).
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