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The three essential solutions used in the processing of black-and-white film are:


developer, fixer, and hypo

developer, stop bath, and a washing agent

developer, stop bath, fixer

developer, wetting agent, stop bath
developer, stop bath, fixer
pg. 97
Mixed developers should be stored in:


dark-colored bottles at a temperature of around 70 degrees F.

dark-colored bottles at a temperature of around 50 degrees F.

boxes at a temperature of around 80 degrees F.

clear bottles at a temperature of around 80 degrees F.
dark-colored bottles at a temperature of around 70 degrees F.
pg. 97
The instructions for mixing a developer from concentrate call for a ratio of 1:3, which means you are to use:

1 part water to 3 parts developer

1 part developer to 3 parts washing aid

1 part wetting agent to 3 parts developer

1 part developer to 3 parts water
1 part developer to 3 parts water
pg. 97
The entire cover of the developing tank may be removed:

until the film is dry

immediately after the stop bath has been added to the tank

after pouring the developer into the tank

when fixing is complete
when fixing is complete.
pg. 104
The key ingredient in any developer is:

sodium thiosulfate

silver bromide

sodium carbonate

a reducing agent
a reducing agent
pg. 106
Changing the development time has little effect on:

shadow areas in the print

contrast in the negative

density in the negative

highlight areas in the print
shadow areas in the print
pg. 108
Which of the following statements is generally true?

A thin negative is likely to be grainier.

Negatives that are thin were probably overexposed.

A dense negative will have more density in the shadow areas than in the highlights.

A dense negative will require a longer printing time.
A dense negative will require a longer printing time.
pg. 109
The amount of silver built up in the negative overall is called___.

contrast

density

oxidation

overexposure
density
pg. 109
If your negatives routinely are too contrasty, you should:

decrease your film developing time.

use a high-contrast filter

increase film development time

use a high-contrast paper
decrease your film developing time.
pg. 109
Which of the following statements is true about push processing?

Push processing overexposes the film.

Push processing underdevelops the film.

Push processing may be used with film that has been underexposed.

Push processing decreases contrast.
Push processing may be used with film that has been underexposed.
pg. 108
A film that grows dark after time is likely to result from:

insufficient reducing agents in the fixer

using exhausted fix

hydroquinone in the fixer

too much time in the fixer
using exhausted fix.
pg. 107
The ________ causes the image to appear on the film.

stop bath

fixer

developer

hypo
developer.
pg. 97
________ can be used as a stop bath.

Kodak Microdol - X

Plain water

Exhausted hypo

Kodak D-76
Plain water
pg. 97
A ________ can cause the film to appear milky.

plastic reel

weak developer

developer that is too strong

weak fixer
weak fixer
pg. 107
_______ will ________ the image on the negative.

Too little time in the fixer / bleach

Too much time in the fixer / darken

Too little bleach / fix

Too much time in the fixer / bleach
Too much time in the fixer / bleach
pg. 106
________the development time can ________.

Decreasing / rescue an overexposed negative

Increasing / partially rescue an underexposed negative

Decreasing / increase the density of the negative

Increasing / not effect contrast in the negative
Increasing / partially rescue an underexposed negative
pg. 108
All developers work ________ at ________ .


best / temperatures over 80 degrees F.

faster / higher temperatures
best / temperatures below 68 degrees F.

slower / higher temperatures
faster / higher temperatures
pg. 106
T or F: When mixing chemicals, the approved method is known as the "cocktail shaker" method.
False
pg. 97
T or F: A stop bath should be prepared at a temperature within 10 degrees F. of the temperature of the developer.
False
pg. 100
T or F: The recommended agitation time for regular fixer is 2-4 minutes.
False
pg. 100
T or F: Plastic reels are recommended because they are easier to clean than stainless steel reels.
False
pg. 96
T or F: When developing film, the proper sequence for adding chemicals to the tank is developer first, then fixer, then stop bath.
False
pg. 104
T or F: It is recommended that you take a quick look at the end of the roll of film about half-way through the developing stage to make sure that it is not milky because of a weak developer.
False
pg. 103
T or F: A washing agent can cut down on the time required for washing film.
True
pg. 105
T or F: Ammonium thiosulfate is a fast-acting fixer.
True
pg. 106
T or F: Three factors that influence the amount of development are time, temperature, and aperture.
False
pg. 106
T or F: Pushing film is useful when working in dim light.
True
pg. 108
T or F: To compensate for underexposure during pushing, you should also underdevelop the film.
False
pg. 108
T or F: With black and white negative film, as a rule of thumb, you should expose for the highlights and develop for the shadows.
False
pg. 108  
T or F: To prevent water spots on your film, you should treat it with a wetting agent before washing it.
False
pg. 105
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