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The term used to refer to the shades of gray in the print is:

contrast

luminances

zone

value
value
pg. 308
Luminances refer to:


The range of light and dark in a scene or a print.

Various shades of gray in the final print.

The color temperatures of various artificial lights.

Various light and dark subject tones in a scene.
Various light and dark subject tones in a scene.
pg. 310
The zone system is used to link which of the following three scales of value?


subject values, negative-density values, and print values

subject values, print values, and contrast

subject values, negative-density values, and contrast

subject values, luminances, and print values
subject values, negative-density values, and print values
pg. 308
Zone 0 is:


the paper base

middle gray

the deepest black printable

five or more stops more exposure than Zone V
the deepest black printable
pg. 309
A reflected-light meter assumes it is measuring:


Zone 0

Zone X

all Zones simultaneously

Zone V
Zone V
pg. 310
Sometimes an individual frame on roll film is worth changing your development time for the whole roll; however you should be cautious because:


it might affect the depth of field of some images.

an increase in development time may increase grain in roll film.

a decrease in development time may increase your need to burn areas of the print.

an increase in developing time may lower the contrast of the rest of the images on the roll.
an increase in development time may increase grain in roll film.
pg. 315
Which of the following steps is not recommended as a starting point for using the Zone system?


For N+1 expanded development, increase the development time 25%

For N-2 contracted development, develop for 60% of the normal time.

Set the ISO on your hand-held reflected-light meter to one half the original number.

For normal development, use one of the manufacturer's suggested time and temperature combinations.
Set the ISO on your hand-held reflected-light meter to one half the original number.
pg. 313
If, when using a built-in light meter, readings suggest an exposure of f/8 at 1/60 sec for one area and f/11 at 1/60 sec for another area, placing the first area in Zone V would result in:


the second area falling into Zone VI

the second area falling into Zone VIII

Zone V
the second area falling into Zone VI
pg. 310
Increased negative development time will:


affect high values the most

affect low values the most

affect middle values more than high values

affect all areas equally
affect high values the most
pg. 312
With N + 1 development a Zone VII value would:


probably not be affected much

move to Zone V

move to Zone VI

move to Zone VIII
move to Zone VIII
pg. 313
With N - 1 development a Zone I value would:


move to Zone V

probably not be affected much

move to Zone 0

move to Zone II
probably not be affected much
pg. 312
If the recommended normal development time is 8 minutes, as a general rule, for N + 2 development you would:


develop for 10 minutes

develop for 12 minutes

develop for 4 minutes

develop for 16 minutes
develop for 12 minutes
pg. 313
If the recommended normal development time is 8 minutes, as a general rule, for N - 1 development you would:


develop for 7 minutes

develop for 6 minutes

develop for nine minutes

develop for 6 1/2 minutes
develop for 6 1/2 minutes
pg. 313
The first step in using the Zone System is:


visualization

metering the most important area of the scene

to decide what paper you will print on

to decide on development time
visualization
pg. 314
Light meters are used to measure ________.


luminances

print values

contrast

negative densities
luminances
pg. 310
Zone V ________ middle gray.


represents four stops less exposure than

represents four stops more exposure than

is darker than
c
orresponds to
corresponds to
pg,. 310
The middle gray of a test card represents ________ reflectance.


27%

5%

18%

50%
18%
pg. 310
F/11 and f/22 are _______ zone(s) apart.


three

two

one

five
two
pg. 310
Both subject values and contrast are ________ with ________development.


reduced / N + 2

increased / N - 1

reduced / N - 2

increased / normal
reduced / N - 2
pg. 313
In the Zone scale, _______ corresponds to _______.


Zone V/ sand or snow with acute side lighting

Zone 0 / light sources

Zone III/ very dark soil

Zone X/ an opening into a dark interior space
Zone III/ very dark soil
pg. 310
T or F: There are 11 shades of gray in a print.
False
pg. 308
T or F: You can place any value you want in Zone V.
True
pg. 310
T or F: The most common way to alter contrast is to change the development time of the negative.
False
pg. 312
T or F: Altering the negative development time affects all areas equally.
False
pg. 312
T or F: N stands for normal development time.
True
pg. 313
T or F: For N+1 expanded development, a rough guideline would be to decrease development time by 25%.
False
pg. 313
T or F: With color transparencies, meter and place the most important light area rather than a dark area.
True
pg. 315
T or F: Expose for the highlights, develop for the shadows.
False
pg. 312
T or F: The Zone system is of no practical use in color photography.
False
pg. 315
T or F: If lighting in a scene is extremely contrasty you would consider using N + 1 development.
False
pg. 335  
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