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When photographing people, it is recommended that you not crop the image:


below the waist

at the shoulders

at a joint

at all
at a joint
pg. 322
Which of the following would you not consider in order to suppress a background?


set the lens to a wide aperture

set the lens to a narrow aperture

change your position relative to the subject

reframe the image
set the lens to a narrow aperture
pg. 324
In theory, zigzag lines suggest:


strength

gracefulness

calmness

rapid motion
rapid motion
pg. 326
The eye will tend to see three similar spots as forming:


three similar spots

a rectangle

a triangle

an irregular shape
a triangle
pg. 326
You can flatten the shape of an object by:


cropping it

increasing the apparent texture within it

shoot it in a group of similar objects

reduce it to one tone
reduce it to one tone
pg. 328
Which of the following would you not consider doing to emphasize an important element in a picture?


Choose a camera angle that draws attention to it.
Print the image on low contrast paper.

Make sure that it is in sharper focus than other elements in the scene.

Try to render background elements out of focus.
Print the image on low contrast paper.
pg. 338
Which of the following statements is advice not given about showing your work to an editor, agency, potential client, gallery, or museum?


"It's better to bring in five great images than 35 of mixed quality"
Send a 40-image presentation instead of one with only 10 or 12 images.

"Don't try to be versatile."

Maximize consistency; send the same excellent portfolio to all photographic professionals.
Maximize consistency; send the same excellent portfolio to all photographic professionals.
pg. 338
Which of the following minimize depth in an image of relatively deep space?


Positioning an object in the foreground.

Positioning the horizon line in the top third of the frame.

Incorporate converging lines into the image.

Use front lighting on the subject.
Use front lighting on the subject.
pg. 338
According to the rule of thirds, the important forms in a picture should:


fall along the lines and at intersecting points of the lines of an imaginary grid dividing the frame into thirds horizontally and vertically

fall somewhere in the lower third of the frame

fall somewhere in the upper third of the frame

falls mostly in the center third of the frame
fall along the lines and at intersecting points of the lines of an imaginary grid dividing the frame into thirds horizontally and vertically
pg. 336
Which of the following would you do to de-emphasize depth in your picture?


Locate some object in the foreground that is similar to others in the background.

Locate the horizon line toward the bottom of the frame.

Use converging lines.

Locate the horizon toward the top of the frame.
Locate the horizon line toward the bottom of the frame.
pg. 360
Robert Capa said, " If your pictures aren't good enough, _____."


buy a more expensive lens

shoot more film

you'll never make it as a photographer, so go get a MBA like your parents wanted in the first place.

you aren't close enough
you aren't close enough
pg. 320
A ________ against a ________ background will attract the viewer's attention.


line / linear

spot / vertical

spot / contrasting

line / horizontal
spot / contrasting
pg. 326
In theory, ________ suggest gracefulness.


small spots
curved lines

zigzag lines


horizontal lines
curved lines
pg. 326
A picture composed with ________ will most likely be interesting.


total harmony

exact symmetry

asymmetry

perfect balance
asymmetry
pg. 330
The rule of thirds necessitates that the composition be divided into a grid of ________ equal rectangles or squares.


three

six

nine
nine
pg. 336
Contrast draws a viewer's eye, and although once film has been processed, the contrast is fixed on the negative, it can be adjusted on a print by changing the contrast grade of the paper, burning, or _______.


digital editing

Printing it as a wet-process color print

Using N+1 developing on the print

Using fill flash
digital editing
pg. 334
T or F: A rule of thumb is to hold the camera horizontally for a vertical subject, and vice versa.
False
pg. 322
T or F: In theory, diagonal lines are thought to suggest motion.
True
pg. 326
T or F: Bringing similar objects together can make them appear to be a single unit.
True
pg. 328
T or F: A gain in motion sharpness can also mean a gain in depth of field.
False
pg. 332
T or F: Contrast between objects in a picture tends to be more apparent in black and white than in color.
False
pg. 334
T or F: The most important tool a photographer has right now is an excellent website that's easy to locate.
True
pg. 343
T or F: It is recommended that you always shoot landscapes at eye level.
False
pg. 339
T or F: You should avoid a degree of contrast in your pictures that may cause shadows and highlights to appear as independent shapes.
False
pg. 334
T or F: Energy is conveyed by an asymmetrical composition.
True
pg. 330
T or F: Viewers tend to look at the lightest part of a picture first.
False
pg. 330
T or F: A photograph is essentially an abstraction.
True
pg. 319
T or F: A photograph is essentially an abstraction.
False
pg. 342
T or F: If you have had a notable teacher it is a good idea to emulate his or her work as closely as possible.
False
pg. 343
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