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dermat/o
skin
cutane/o
skin
nephr/o
kidney
ren/a
kidney
stomat
mouth
or
mouth
hepat/o
liver
immun/o
immune, immunity, safe
oste/o
bone
gastro/o
stomach
-megaly
enlargement
-oma
tumor
a word element placed at the end of a word that changes the meaning of the word.
suffix
a word root is combined with a vowel
combining form
the foundation of a medical term and contains its primary meaning.
word root
word element attached to the beginning of a word or word root
prefix
an-
without
esthes
feeling
hyper
excessive above normal
-al
pertaing to
-ia
condition
therm
heat
intra
in, with in
-ar
pertaining to
para-
near, besides; beyond
nas
nose
poly-
many, much
ur
urine
enter/
intestine
oste/o
bone
Define Meical Words



  • 1st define suffix or last part

  • 2nd define prefix, word root or combining form

  • 3rd define middle part of word maybe word root


Three rules for building medical words



  • 1st rule a word root links a suffix that begins with a vowel

  • 2nd rule a combining form (root+o) ;omls a suffix that begins with a consonant

  • A combining form links a root to another root to form a compound word. This rule holds true even if the next root begins with a vowel, as in osteoarthritis. Keep in mind that the rules for linking multiple roots to each other are slightly different from the rules for linking roots and combining forms to suffixes.


hyster/o
uterus
enter/o
intestine
neur/o
nerve
ot/o
ear
hydr/o
water
chrond/
cartilage
cholangi/o
bile vessel
singular -a
plural -ae
singular -ax
plural -aces
singular -en
plural -ina
singular -is
plural -es
singular -ix
plural -ices
singular -ma
plural -mata
singular -on
plural -ia
singular -um
plural -a
singular -us
plural -i
singular -y
plural -ies
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