keywords:
Bookmark and Share



Front Back
PTT
25-38 sec HEPARIN+PTT= 10
PT
12-15 sec

COUMADIN+PT= 10
INR
1-2
Coumadin
INR
2.5-3
Sed Rate male
1-13
Sed Rate female
1-20
HCT male
42-52
HCT female
HCT male
HGB male
13-18
HGB female
12-16
RBC

3.6-5 mil
WBC
4500-10,000
% of neutros in WBCS
up to 75%
% lymphos in WBCS
up to 35%
Platelets
150,000- 400,000
ALT
1-21
Albumin
3-5
Ammonia
12-55
AST
7-27
Billirubin
up to 1.0
calcium
9-11
total cholesterol
120-220
HDL
greater than 40
LDL
less than 150
Creatnine
0.6-1.5
Magnesium
1.5-2
Phosphorous
HPo4
3.0-4.5
3.0-4.5
Potassium
3-5
Protein
6-8
Sodium
135-145
BUN
8-25
PO2
80-100 80-100
PCO2
35-45
SaO2
90-100 Same as SpO2 want it higher than 90

HCO3
bicarb
22-26
  • LOW ph
  • HIGH HCO3
  • HIGH pCO2

acidosis or alkalosis, metabolic or respiratory
hyperventilation
respiratory alkalosis
rx: rebreath in paper bag or
readjust ventilator settings
Signs and Sx of Respiratory Alkalosis
Signs and Symptoms: Confusion, muscle twitching, hand tremors, nausea, vomiting, light-headedness, and paresthesia of the extremities.
  • HIGH ph
  • LOW HCO3
  • LOW pCO2
acidosis or alkalosis, metabolic or respiratory
Respiratory Acidosis
RX Brochodilators, oxygen, and mechanical ventilation.

lung disease including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Signs and symptoms of respiratory acidosis?
Signs and Symptoms: Shortness of breath, fatigue, chronic cough, or wheezing, confusion, irritiability, or lethargy.
  • LOW ph
  • LOW HCO3
  • LOW pCO2
acidosis or alkalosis, metabolic or respiratory
Metabolic Alkalosis

Replace fluids, potassium, EKG monitoring, drugs to regulate heart rate and blood pressure, drugs to control nausea and vomiting.

severe vomiting, excessive gastric suctioning, excessive use of antacids, laxitives or steroids, and potassium wasting diuretics.

Signs and symptoms Metabolic Alkalosis?
Signs and Symptoms: Cyanosis, nausea, vomiting, irritability, twitching, confusion, tachycardia, hypotension, convulsions, and coma.
  • HIGH ph
  • HIGH HCO3
  • HIGH pCO2
acidosis or alkalosis, metabolic or respiratory acidosis or alkalosis, metabolic or respiratory
Metabolic acidosis

RX replace bicarb

kidney failure, poisoning, diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), starvation, severe diarrhea, severe dehydration, excessive intake of aspirin, and shock.
Signs and symptoms Metabolic Acidosis?
Signs and Symptoms: Shortness of breath, lethargy, and confusion.
Symptoms Increased Sodium Levels
Lethargy, irritability, muscle twitching, tremors, dry skin and mucous membranes, fever, hypotension, disorientation, delirium, cerebral hemorrhage, coma

Symptoms decreased sodium levels
Hypotension, headache, nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, muscle tremors, twitching, fatigue, headache, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal cramps, muscle tremors, twitching, weasknes, confusion, seizures, and coma
Symptoms Increased Potassium Levels
Muscle weakness, paralysis, numbness and tingling, ventricular fibrillation, cardiac arrest, tall tented T waves
Symptoms Decreased potassium Levels
Cardiac arrhythmia, depressed S-T segment, flattened/inverted T wave, U wave, confusion, lethargy, muscle weakness, paralysis, abdominal distention, constipation, paralytic ileus, thirst, frequent voiding
Symptoms increased Calcium Levels
Muscle weakness, bone fragility, kidney stones, loss of appetite, thirst, frequent urination, lethargy, fatigue, joint pains, memory loss, depression, constipation, anorexia, nausea and vomiting, abdominal pain, ileus, polyuria, nocturia, and polydipsia, emotional lability, confusion, delirium, psychosis, stupor, coma, cardiac arrhythmias with shortened QT segment Muscle weakness, bone fragility, kidney stones, loss of appetite, thirst, frequent urination, lethargy, fatigue, joint pains, memory loss, depression, constipation, anorexia, nausea and vomiting, abdominal pain, ileus, polyuria, nocturia, and polydipsia, emotional lability, confusion, delirium, psychosis, stupor, coma, cardiac arrhythmias with shortened QT segment
Symptoms Decreased Calcium Levels
Muscle weakness, bone fragility, kidney stones, loss of appetite, thirst, frequent urination, lethargy, fatigue, joint pains, memory loss, depression, constipation, anorexia, nausea and vomiting, abdominal pain, ileus, polyuria, nocturia, and polydipsia, emotional lability, confusion, delirium, psychosis, stupor, coma, cardiac arrhythmias with shortened QT segment
Symptoms Increased magnesium Levels
Muscle weakness, drowsiness, lethargy, hypotension, paralysis, coma, cardiac and respiratory problems
Muscle weakness, drowsiness, lethargy, hypotension, paralysis, coma, cardiac and respiratory problems
x of y cards Next >|