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Define professional rescuer care
Their care provides a critical transition between a lay responder's initial actions and the care provided by more advanced medical personnel.
Once you begin providing care you must continue until _______.
  • Someone with equal or more training takes over
  • The scene becomes unsafe
  • You become too fatigued.
Sizing up the scene
  • Determine if the scene is safe
  • Put on appropriate equipment
  • Determine the mechanism of injury or nature of illness
  • Determine number of victims
  • Determine what additional help may be needed
Perform initial assessment
  • Check victim for conciousness and obtain consent if concious
  • Check for signs of life
  • Check for pulse and breathing
  • Check for severe bleeding.
Move an injured victim only if _________.
  • The scene is unsafe
  • You have to reach another victim with in more serious condition.
  • You need to provide proper care.
Give 1 breath every _______ seconds for an adult.
Give 1 breath every _______ seconds for a child or infant.
How long should a rescue breath be ?
One second and make the chest rise
If you breath too much air into the victim it will ______
  • Enter stomach
  • Cause gastric distension
  • Likely cause vomiting which can obstruct airway

Breathing Emergencies
 Initial Assessment

Step 1
  • Tap shoulder shout "Are you okay ?"
  • Infants gently tap shoulder or flick heel.
Breathing Emergencies

Initial Assessment

Step 2
  • If no response summon advanced medical personnel
  • If victim is face down roll onto back while supporting head and neck.
Breathing Emergencies

Initial Assessment 

Step 3
  • Check for signs of life. No more thsn 10 sec.
  • Adults- tilt head back and lift chin to open airway.
  • Child- tilt head to slightly past¬†neutral position nose straight up
  • Infant- tilt head to neutral position
Procedure for unconscious choking adult
  • Give rescue breaths, if they do not make chest rise reposition airway and retry breaths.
  • If rescue breaths still do not work give 5 chest thrusts
  • Compress adults chest 1.5-2 inches.
  • Look for object
  • If you see object sweep it out with your index finger
  • Try 2 more rescue breaths
  • if chest rises look for movement check for pulse and breathing no more than 10 sec.
Procedure for unconscious choking child
  • Same as adult except
  • Reposition childs airway by retilting head
  • Compress childs chest to depth of 1-1.5 inches.
  • Sweep for object with little finger
Cardiac chain of survival
  • Early recognition and early access to ems
  • Early CPR
  • Early defibrillation
  • Early advanced medical care
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