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Essential Steps in Ethical Problem Solving
1. Determine whether there is a dilemma
2. Identify ethical standards (of code) at issue
3. Weigh ethical issues in light of code
4. Suggest modifications according to ethical priorities
5. Implement modifications
6. Monitor for new ethical concerns/dilemmas
Core Values
1. Service
2. Social Justice
3. Dignity & Worth of the Person
4. Importance of Human Relationships
5. Integrity
6. Competence
Ethical Principles
1. Primary goal to help people in need & address social problems (above self-interest; incl pro bono svc)

2. Social workers challenge social injustice (incl public awareness, advocacy)

3. SWs respect the inherent dignity & worth of the person (self-determination, respect for/sensitivity to diversity)

4. SWs recognize the central importance of human relationships (relationships as vehicle for change; collaboration, strengthen relationships, community)

5. SWs behave in a trustworthy manner (honest, follow code)

6. SWs practice w/in their areas of competence & dev'p/enhance their prof expertise (incl. research)
Ethical Responsibilities to Clients
1. Commitment to Clients = wellbeing/interest of clients above all else, except in cases of law/societal wellbeing

2. Self-Determination = Only suspended if threat of serious, forseeable, imminent risk to self/others

3. Informed Consent = Informed of all risks, options, rights in way understandable to client; if client unable to give consent; caregiver/legal custodian consent & client assent   

4. Competence = accurately represent areas of competence

5. Cultural Competence & Social Diversity = Strengths-based view of diverse cultures; obtain education, competence in client cultures

6. Conflicts of Interest = NO DUAL RELATIONSHIPS; avoid potential exploitation of power for gain (NO BARTERING); clarify obligations with multiple clients in case of conflicting interests 

7. Privacy & Confidentiality = Only necessary info; only certain exceptions except w/ written auth; release least amt possible; inform client beforehand whenever possible; can't guarantee confidentialiy in Tx couples/groups

8. Access to Records = client has access to records; if concern over harm, interpret to client/can possibly limit w/ compelling, documented reason

9. Sexual Relationships = NO

10. Physical Contact = only when appropriate & w/in clear, culturally sensitive boundaries

11. Sexual Harrassment = NO

12. Derogatory Language = NO

13. Payment for Services = Fair, client ability to pay; No bartering; no split or outside agency fee

14. Clients Who Lack Decision Making Capacity = Reasonable streps to safeguard client interests & rights

15. Interruption of Services = Reasonable effort to avoid interruption

16. Termination of Services = SW responsible for preparing client for necessary transition, including referral & follow up                

Subpoenas
IS NOT a court mandate

SW required to claim privilege unless have written client consent to release. Must wait until ordered by the court and seek limitation of order (reduce into, protect from public disclosure)
Privilege
Legal term, belongs to the client = right to keep info shared with SW private and not used as legal evidence.

Prevents SW from being a witness.

EXCEPTION: Child abuse.

Waivers = signed consent, client disclosure to 3rd party; patient lawsuits; criminal pleas of insanity     

If the client sues SW, no longer obligated to maintain.

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