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Calculus Final Review
change in y/change in x 
y2 - y1/ x2 -x1
linear function
m is the slope 
b is the vertical intercept
exponential function
Po = initial quantity 
a = the factor by which P changes when t increases by 1
continuous exponential function
inverse function
a function has an inverse if its graph intersects any horizontal line at most once (horizontal line test) 
graph is a reflection about the y=x line
ln x = c
e^c = x
Properties of Natural Logs
ln(AB) = lnA + ln B
ln(A/B) = ln A - ln B
ln(A^p) = p ln A
ln e^x = x 
e^ln x = x 
ln 1 = o
ln e = 1
f(t) = A sin (Bt)
abs A = amplitude 
2`/ abs B = period 
(in tangent period = `/abs B)
inverse of a trig function
arc trig function
continuous function
no breaks, jumps or zeros 
(don't pick up pencil)
Intermediate Value Theorem
f is continous on closed interval A,B. If k is any number between f(a) and f(b), then there is at least one number c in A,B such that 
average velocity
change in position/change in time
s(b) - s(a) / b - a
instanteous velocity
1) at t=a
lim h->0 s(a+h) - s(a)/ h
2)the average velocity over an interval as the inverval shrinks around a 
3) slope of the curve at a point(tangent line)
Properties of Limits
lim k =k
lim x->c x = c
limits with infinity
1)limit of 3x = infinity when x approaches infinity
2) limit of 1/3x = o when x approaches infinity
3) limit of 3x/4x = 3/4 when x approaches infinity
average rate of change of f over the interval from a to a+h
f(a+h) - f(a)/h
(general formula while equation with s was specifically for height)
rules of derivatives
f'>0, f increasing
f'<0, f decreasing 
f(x) = k, f'(x) = 0
power rule
power rule
interpretations of the derivative
second derivative
f">0, f' increasing, f concave up 
f"<0, f' decreasing, f concave down
(ln a)a^x
Product Rule
(fg)' = f'g + fg'
Quotient Rule
(f/g)' = f'g -fg'/g^2
Chain Rule
d/dx(f(g(x)) = f'(g(x))*g'(x)
x of y cards