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\\\"cotton gin\\\"
\\\"machine invented by eli whitney in the 1793 that seperated cotton fibers from the seed faster and cheaper than by hand
\\\"democrats \\\"
\\\"one of the two major political parties in the united states which can trace its roots to the small-government ideals of the party under Presidents Thomas jefferson and andrew jackson; since president Franklin Roosevelt the party has sought to expandthe federal governments role in regulating big business and the economy
\\\"embargo act\\\"
\\\"federal law passed in 1807 at the behest of president Thomas Jefferson outlawing all trade between all trade the united states and europe in order to pressure the french and british to recognize the neutrality of the united states and its rights to trade with either country; the embargo hurt the united states economically more than anything else
\\\"erie canal\\\"
\\\"manmade waterway completed in 1825 that linked lake erie to the hudson river and facilitated the exchange of goods
\\\"indian removal act\\\"
\\\"federal law passed in 1830 that authorized president andrew jackson to remove southeastern nativer americans including the cherokee
\\\"andrew jackson\\\"
\\\"popular american president from 1829 to 1837 who embodied the expansion of the electorate and the powers of the presidency
\\\"jays treaty\\\"
\\\"treaty between the united states and great britian negotiated by chief justice john jay in 1794 in which britian agreed to remove its soldiers from the ohio valley and pay damages for the american ships it had seized in exchange for americans promise to honor and pay all debts accured before the revolutionary war
\\\"kansas nebraska act\\\"
\\\"federal law passed in 1854 with the encouragement of stephen douglas that divided kansas and left the future of slavery in each to be decided by poplular sovereignty; the act effectively nullified the missouri comprimise of 1821 and created conditions that would lead to violent conflict between pro and anti slavery settlers in bleeding kansas\\\"
\\\"horace mann\\\"
\\\"reformer in the 1830s and 1840s who served as the secretary of the massachusetts board of education sought to create publicly-funded schools throught the country.\\\"
\\\"Marbury vs Madison\\\"
\\\"supreme court desision of 1803 in which chief justice john marshall declared the judiciary act of 1789 unconstitutional
\\\"missouri compromise\\\"
\\\"political compromise struck in 1820 between slave states and free states to maintain balance in the senate by admitting missouri as a slave state and maine as a free state; the comprimise also prohibited slavery in all the territories in the west north of the 36°30 parallel. \\\"
\\\"mormons\\\"
\\\"church of latter-day saints
\\\"republican party\\\"
\\\"early political party of the 1820\\\'s led by Henry Clay and John Quincy Adams that championed the american system
\\\"nullifacation crisis\\\"
\\\"political crisis of 1832 sparked by south carolina\\\'s repeal of the tariff; the crisis highlighted tensions between those supporting the supremacy of the federal government and those supporting the primacy of the states rights\\\"
\\\"war of 1812\\\"
\\\"war between united states and great britain between 1812 and 1814 over impressments
\\\"william lloyd garrison\\\"
\\\"radical abolitionist and founder of the abolitionist news paper THE LIBERATOR garrison fought for the immediate emacipation of all slaves in the united states
\\\"second great awakening\\\"
\\\"euphemism for the religious revivalism that spread throughout the united states in the 1820s
\\\"trail of tears\\\"
\\\"forced removal of cherokee indians between 1835 and 1838 after the cherokee had lost their appeal both in and out of control to keep their land; the us army escorted 16
\\\"whiskey rebellion\\\"
\\\"uprising of farmers in western pennsylvania in 1794 who protested alexander hamilton\\\'s excise tax on whiskey; president george washington used federal soilderes to restore order and demonstate the new governments authority and stability.\\\"
\\\"john adams\\\"
\\\"federalist who served as second president of the united states from 1797 to 1801; adams passed the alien and sedition acts and fought a brief undeclared war with france.\\\"
\\\"alien and sediton acts\\\"
\\\"laws passed by federalist in 1789 that enchanced government power in the intrest of national security; opponents countered that the laws restricted free speech and the rights of immigrants and the public\\\'s distaste for these laws helped democratic-republican Thomas Jefferson win the presidency in 1800.\\\"
\\\"alamo\\\"
\\\"blattle fought in 1836 during texas war for independence from mexico in which a force roughly two hundred texans and americans
\\\"henry clay\\\"
\\\"prominent whig politician from kentucky who as a senator and speaker of the house of representatives advocated the american system in the early to mid nineteenth; clay also orchestrated both the missouri compromise in 1820 and the compromise of 1850 in an attempt to prevent the issue of slavery from splitting the union.\\\"
\\\"james polk\\\"
\\\"democratic president from 1854 to 1849
\\\"willlmot proviso\\\"
\\\"proposal made in 1846 to prohibit slavery in any lands won during the mexican war; the proviso failed to pass in the senated and renewed the debate the north and south over the future of slavery in the west.\\\"
\\\"free soil movement\\\"
\\\"political party formed in 1848 by northern democrats anti slavery whigs and the abolistionist liberty party; the party campaigned for the abolition of slavery and in many ways was there the forerunner of the republican party.\\\"
\\\"manifest destiny \\\"
\\\"belief that Americans were destined by god to expand the united states and settle across the entire north American continent; the belief help justify the acquisiton new territories in the far west
\\\"mexican american war\\\"
\\\"war fought between the united states and mexico from 1846 to 1848 after the united states annexed the disputed territory of texas the vast tracts of new lands acquired after the defeat of mexico prompted new debates in congress over the future of slaver in the west.\\\"
\\\"whigs\\\"
\\\"American colonists in the 1770s who supported the revolutionary war;later a political party in the 1820s
\\\"lewis and clark\\\"
\\\"exploreres meriwether lewis and william clark who were sent by president thomas jefferson to explore and chart the louisiana purchase in 1804 the eventually reach the pacific ocean in 1806\\\"
\\\"louisiana territory\\\"
\\\"tract of land stretching from mississippi river to the missouri river in present day montana that was purchases by president thomas jefferson from france in 1803 for 2o million
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