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not a transmission method; inanimate object
fomite
affected exposure to pathogens
contamination
immuno, physical and chemical barrier
body's defense against infection
infected agent
resevoir
not a disease
immune
phase after organism is contaminated
infection
biological agent capable of causing disease
pathogen
AKA infectious disease
communicable disease
AKA deficiency
lack of vitamins or nutrients
imperfect code of chromosomes
genetic disease
when cancer cells spread
metastasize
mold and yeast
fungi
biological agent such as virus or bacteria
infectious disease
abnormal activityof cells and tissue or tissue
metabolic disease
excessive response to body's immune system
autoimmune
cause of diabetes and cardiovascular disease
metabolic disease
rheumatoid arthritis and MS
autoimmune disease
pneumonia, measles, and TB
infectious disease
down syndrome
genetic disease
protozoa
single-celled organisms
incapable of independent metabolic activity
viruses
pathogen LMT is most likely to come into contact with:
fungi
BSI
body substance isolation: don't come in contact with body fluids, as all are contaminated
number one piece of personal equipment
gloves
federal legislation governing the exposure and spreading of blood and fluid-born pathogens
OSHA
LMTs are _____ to contract a disease as the normal person
equally as likely
most____ are passed by airborne method of transmission
respiratory disease
doorknob, pencil, surface, etc
fomite
fever, nausea, and anemia
indicators for fighting off a pathogen
non life-threatening
benign
life-threatening
malignant and carcinogen
to REMOVE a pathogen from a surface
disinfect
to DESTROY microorganisms using heat, water, chemicals and/or gases
sterlization
wash your hands for ____ seconds
30
LMTs should not ____ to mask odors
use strong smelling scents
LMTs should ____ when removing soiled linens or the trash, performing massage in the mouth, and handling blood or bodily fluids
wear gloves
immediate care
first aid
person who has stopped breathing altogether
respiratory arrest
serious, life-threatening or allergic reaction
anaphylactic shock
two kinds of open wounds
laceration and incision
person who has difficulty breathing, but not stopeed breathing
respiratory distress
break in a bone
fracture
to immobilize the part of the body to prevent motion
emergency care goal for fracture
caused by exposure to fire, chemicals and electricity
a burn
involuntary muscle contraction and relaxation of the muscle
seizure
body temperature falls to a dangerously low level
hypothermia
____ is to protect patient from harm, but do not restrain
emergency care for a seizure
if poison is swallowed
call Poison Control
treated by cooling of the patient, but not too quickly
heat exhaustion
when there is no chest movement and no air moving in and out of the nose and mouth
respiratory arrest
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