by jnerdy


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bones
hard but flexible living structures that provide support for the body and protection to vital organs; types of boes are long, short, flat, and irregular; long bone has cylindrical shaft and rounded end or head which is conneted to the shaft by th neck
cartilage
tough rissure that covers the joint ends of bones and helps to form certain body parts such as the ear
closed extremity injury
an injury to an extremity with no associated opening in the skin
crepitus
a grating sensation or sound made when fractured bone ends rub together
dislocation
the disruption or “coming apart” of a joint
extremities
the portions of the skeleton that include the clavicles, scapulae, ars, wrists, and hands (upper extremities) and the pelvis, thighs, legs, ankles, and feet (lower extremities)
fracture
any break in a bone
joints
places where bones articulate, or meet
ligaments
connective tissues that connect bone to bone
manual traction
the process of applying tension to straighten and realign a fractured limb before splinting (tension)
muscles
tissues or fibers that ause movement of body parts and organs
open extremity injury
an extremity injury in which the skin has been broken or torn through from the inside by an injured bone or from the ouside by something that has caused a penetrating wound associated injunry to the bone
sprain
the stretching and tearing of ligaments
strain
muscle injry resulting from overstretching or overexertion of the muscle
tendons
tissues that connect muscle to bone
traction splint
a splint that applies constant pull along the length of a lower extremity to help stabilize the fractured bone and to reduce muscle spasm in the limn; traction splints are used primarily on femoral shaft fractures
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