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Advanced Emergency Medical Technician (AEMT)
under the NHTSA 2005 National EMS Scope of Practice Model, designation of the level of EMS practitioner that will replace the existing EMT-Intermediate level with the addition of the use of advanced airway devices, monitoring of blood glucose levels, initiation of intravenous and intraosseous infusions, and administration of a select number of medications (p. 7)
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
a federal law passed in 1990 that protects individuals with a documented disability from being denied initial or continued employment based on their disability (p. 9)
Emergency Medical Responder (EMR)
under the NHTSA 2005 National EMS Scope of Practice Model, designation of the level of EMS practitioner that will replace the existing first responder level (p. 7)
Emergency Medical Technician (EMT)
under the NHTSA 2005 National EMS Scope of Practice Model, designation of the level of EMS practitioner that will replace the existing EMT-Basic level with the addition of advanced oxygen therapy and ventilation equipment, pulse oximetry, use of automatic blood pressure monitoring equipment, and limited medical administration (p. 7)
EMS system
Emergency Medical Services system (p. 4)
EMT-Basic (EMT-B)
emergency medical technician trained to the basic level (p. 6)
EMT-Intermediate (EMT-I)
emergency medical technician trained to the intermediate level (p. 6)
EMT-Paramedic (EMT-P)
emergency medical technician trained to the paramedic level (p. 7)
First Responder
a person typically trained to the first-responder level who is likely to be the firest person on the scene with emergency care training (p. 6)
medical direction
medical policies, procedures, and practices that are available to EMS providers either off-line or on-line (p. 13)
medical director
physician who is legally responsible for the clinical and patient care aspects of an EMS system (p. 13)
medical oversight
the medical director's broad responsibilities, including all clinical and administrative functions and activities necessary to exercise ultimate responsibility for the emergency care provided by individual personnel and the entire emergency medical services (EMS) system (p. 13)
off-line medical direction
medical policies, procedures, and practices that medical direction has established in written guidelines (p. 13)
on-line medical direction
direct orders from a physician to a prehospital care provider given by radio or telephone (p. 13)
Paramedic
under the NHTSA 2005 National EMS Scope of Practice Model, designation of the level of EMS practitioner that will replace the existing EMT-Paramedic level to provide the highest level of prehospital care including advanced assessments, formation of field impression, and invasive and drug interventions (p. 7)
prehospital care
emergency medical treatment given to patients before they are transported to a hospital or other facility. Also called out-of-hospital care. (p. 8)
protocols
the policies and procedures for all components of an EMS system. Also called orders or standing orders. (p. 13)
quality improvement (QI)
a system of internal and external reviews and audits of an EMS system to ensure a high quality of care. Also known as continuous quality improvement (CQI) (p. 14)
standing orders
preauthorized treatment procedures; a type of treatment protocol. See also off-line medical direction, protocols. (p. 13)
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