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Body Substance Isolation (BSI)
a method of preventing infection by disease organisms based on the premise that all blood and body fluids are infections. Formerly called body substance isolation. (p. 27)
burnout
a condition resulting from chronic job stress, characterized by a state of irritability and fatigue that can markedly decrease effectiveness. (p. 23)
cleaning
the process of washing a soiled object with soap and water. (p. 33)
critical incident
any situation that causes unusually strong emotions that interfere with the ability to function. (p. 25)
critical incident stress debriefing (CISD)
a session usually held within 24 to 72 hours of a critical incident where a team of peer counselors and mental health professionals help emergency service personnel work through the emotions that normally follow a critical incident. (p. 25)
defusing
a session held prior to a critical incident stress debriefing for emergency service personnel most directly involved to provide an opportunity to vent emotions and get information before the CISD. (p. 25)
disinfecting
in addition to cleaning, this process involves using a disinfectant such as alcohol or bleach to kill many of the microorganisms that may be present on the surface of an object. (p. 33)
pathogens
microorganisms such as bacteria and viruses that cause disease (p. 26)
personal protective equipment (PPE)
equipment worn to protect against injury and spreading infectious disease (p. 27)
purified protein derivative (PPD) tuberculin test
a test to determine the presence of tuberculosis infection based on a person's positive reaction to tuberculin, a substance prepared from tubercle bacillus. (p. 33)
standard precautions
a method of preventing infection by disease organisms based on the premise that all blood and body fluids are infections. Formerly called body substance isolation. (p. 27)
sterilization
the process by which an object is subject to certain chemical or physical substances (typically, superheated steam in an autoclave) that kill all microorganisms on the surface of an object. (p. 33)
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