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Front Back
What is this pack of cards based on?
The NREMT-Basic Trauma skills assessment.
What is the time limit to perform this assessment?
10 minutes.
What are the 6 major milestones in the Trauma Assessment?
In order: Scene Size-up, Primary Survey, History Taking, Secondary Assessment, Vital Signs and Reassessment.
What are the steps in Scene Safety?
In order: Scene Safety, MOI/NOI, # of PT's, Additional Resources, C-Spine considerations.
What are the steps in the Primary Survey?
In order: General Impression, AVPU, Chief Complaint/Apparent Life Threats, Airway, Breathing, Circulation, Patient Priority/Transport Decision based on GCS.
In the Primary Surevey, what do you need to check in the Airway step?
Open and assess airway, insert adjuncts as needed.
In the Primary Surevey, what do you need to check in the Breathing step?
Assess breathing,
assure adequate ventilation,
initiate appropriate O2 therapy,
manage any injury which may compromise breathing/ventilation.

In the Primary Surevey, what do you need to check in the Circulation step?


Check Pulse,
Assess Skin color, temp and condition,
Asses and control major bleeding,
Initiate shock management with proper patient position and conserving body heat
What mnemonic is used for the History Taking milestone?
S.A.M.P.L.E.
What does S.A.M.P.L.E. stand for?
Signs/Symptoms
Allergies
Medications
Past pertinent history
Last oral intake
Events Leading Up to event
What are you checking in the Secondary Assessment milestone?
Head, Neck, Chest, Abdomen/Pelvis, Lower Extremities, Upper Extremities and Posterior thorax, lumbar and buttocks.
In the Secondary Assessment, what are you checking for on the Head?
Inspect mouth, nose and facial area.
In the Secondary Assessment, what are you checking for on the Neck?
Jugular Vein Distention, Tracheal Deviation, palpate Cervical Spine
In the Secondary Assessment, what are you checking for on the Chest?
Inspect, Palpate, Auscultate Chest
In the Secondary Assessment, what are you checking for on the Abdomen/Pelvis?
Inspect/Palpate abdoment, assess Pelvis, assess genitalia/perineum as needed.
In the Secondary Assessment, what are you checking for on the Lower Extremities?
Pulse, Motor function, Sensation
In the Secondary Assessment, what are you checking for on the Upper Extremities?
Pulse, Motor function, Sensation
In the Secondary Assessment, what are you checking for on the Posterior Thorax, Lumbar and Buttocks?
inspect and palpate Posterior Thorax, Lumbar and Buttocks.
What are you checking for in the Vital Signs milestone?
1- Obtaining baseline vitals: Blood Pressue, Pulse, Respirations, Pupils.
2-  Manage secondary injuries and wounds
In the last step of the Trauma Assessment, what do you check for in the Reassessment?
reassess Primary Survey, reassess Vital Signs, repeat Focused Assessment related to specific complaints, check Interventions
In the Reassessment milestone, what is considered a Stable Patient?
patient who is Alert, Vital Signs in normal range and no Major Injuries.
In the Reassessment milestone, what is considered an UNStable Patient?
Altered Mental Status, Airway, Brething or Circulation difficulties, significant blood loss, major Mechanism of Injury.
In the Reassessment milestone, how often should you Reassess a STABLE patient?
Every 15 minutes.
In the Reassessment milestone, how often should you Reassess a UNstable patient?
Every 5 minutes
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