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process
A relatively large projection or prominent bump.
articulation
The region where adjacent bones contact each other-a joint
articular process
A projection that contacts an adjacent bone
eminence
A relatively small projection or bump
tuberosity
A projection or bump with a roughened surface
tubercle
A projection or bump with a roughened surface, generally smaller than a tuberosity
trochanter
One of two specific tuberosities located on the femur
spine
A relatively long, thin projection or bump
suture
Articulation between cranial bones.
malleolus
One of two specific protuberances of bones in the ankle
condyle
A large, rounded articular process
epicondyle
A projection near to a condyle but not part of the joint.
line , ridge
A long, thin projection, often with a rough surface.
crest
A prominent ridge.
facet
A small, smooth articular surface
foramen
An opening through a bone
fossa
A broad, shallow depressed area.
canal
long, tunnel-like foramen, usually a passage for notable nerves or blood vessels
meatus
A short canal.
sinus
A cavity within a cranial bone.
Synarthrodial Joint
Not moveable
Syndesmosis joint
Fiberous joint held together by strong tendons; allows minimal movement.
Ex: inferior Tibiofibular joint
Symphysis Joint
Separated by a fibrocartilage pad; allows slight movement.
Ex: pubis and intervertebral disks
Arthrodial Joint
Gliding movement
Ex: carpal bones in wrist, tarsometatarsal joints in foot
Condylodial Joint
movement in 2 planes w/o rotation.
Ex: radiocarpal (wrist) joint
Enarthrodial Joint
Ball-and-socket joint
Ex: Shoulder and hip
Ginglymus Joint
Hinge movement. Wide range of motion in 1 plane
Ex: elbow, ankle, knee
Sellar Joint
Saddle joint. ball-and-socket with rotation
Only in Thumb
Trochoidal Joint
rotational movement
Ex: radioulnar joint
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