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Digoxin therapeutic level
0.5-2.0 ng/mL
Lithium therapeutic level
0.6-1.5 mEq/L
Dilantin therapeutic level
10-20 mcg/dl
Theophylline therapeutic level
10-20 mcg/ml
-caine
local anesthetics
-cillin
antibiotics
-dine
H2 blockers (anti-ulcers)
-done
Opioid analgesics
-ide
Oral hypoglycemics
-zolam
Anti-anxiety agents
Benzodiazepine
-micin
Antibiotics
-mycin
Antibiotics

  • can cause nephro/oto toxicity
-mide
Diuretics
-nium
Neuromuscular blocking agents
-olol
Beta-blockers
-oxacin
Antibiotics
-zepam
Anti-anxiety agents
Benzodiazepine
-pril
ACE Inhibitors

  • increases K in blood
-sone
Steroids
-statin
Antihyperlipidemic

  • do not consume with grapefruit juice
-vir
Antivirals
-zide
Diuretic
Rapid acting insulin
Humalog (peak 30-60min)
Regular (peak 2-4hrs)
Regular IV (15-30min)
Fast acting insulin
NPH/Regular (70/30) (peak 4-8hrs)
Intermediate acting insulin
Lente (peak 8-12hrs)
NPH (6-12hrs)
Long-acting insulin
Ultra-lente (18-24hrs)
-sartan
Angiotensin II receptor blockers
Aspirin
  • Analgesic
  • Do not give with other anticoagulants
  • Stop taking days before surgery
  • Do not give to children (Reye syndrome)
NSAIDs
  • i.e. Ibuprofen
  • Analgesic
  • Take with food
  • Contraindicated for someone with GI ulcers
Morphine
  • Analgesic
  • A respiratory depressant
  • Withold if respirations < 10
Dilantin
  • Anti-convulsant
  • Causes gum hyperplasia
  • Advise client to visit dentist regularly
Prednisone
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Causes Cushing-like symptoms
  • Common s/e: immunosuppression, hyperglycemia
Heparin
  • Anti-coagulant
  • Monitor PTT
  • Antidote: Protamine Sulfate
Coumadin
  • Anti-coagulant
  • Monitor PT
  • Antidote: Vitamin K
Cogentin
  • Anti-Parkinsonian
  • Used to treat EPS
Sinemet
  • Anti-Parkinsonian
  • effective when tremors are not observed
Theophylline/Aminophylline
  • Respiratory
  • s/e: tachycardia
Digoxin (Lanoxin)
  • Cardiovascular
  • Signs of toxicity: visual change in colors, loss of appetite
Magnesium Sulfate
  • Anti-hypertensive (pre-ecclampsia)
  • Monitor for DTRs and respiratory depression
Hydrochlorothiazide
  • Diuretic (potassium wasting)
  • Monitor potassium levels
Lasix
  • Diuretic (loop diuretic)
  • Monitor potassium levels (hypokalemia)
Aldactone
  • Diuretic (potassium sparing)
  • Monitor potassium levels
Lithium Carbonate
  • Psychotropics
  • Therapeutic range: 0.8-1.2 mEq/L
  • Monitor for toxicity
MAOI Inhibitors
  • Psychotropics
  • Have dangerous food-drug interactions (Tyramine)
  • Examples: aged cheese, wine
Disulfram (Antabuse)
  • Psychotropic
  • Alcohol aversion therapy
  • Avoid some OTC cough preparations, mouthwash, etc
Oxytocin
  • Maternity
  • Assess uterus frequently for tetanic contractions
Narcan
  • Antidote
  • Reverses effects of narcotics
Calcium gluconate
  • Antidote
  • Antidote for magnesium sulfate
Vitamin K
  • Antidote
  • Antidote for Coumadin
-ane
Inhalation general anesthetic
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