Studydroid is shutting down on January 1st, 2019



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Sodium (Na+)
(Serum Electrolytes)
136 - 145 mEq/L
Potassium (K+)
(Serum Electrolytes)
3.5 - 5 mEq/L
Calcium (Ca++)
(Serum Electrolytes)
9.0 - 10 mg/dL
Magnesium (Mg++)
(Serum Electrolytes)
1.3 - 2.1 mg/dL
Phosphorus (PO4)
(Serum Electrolytes)
3.0 - 4.5 mg/dL
Glucose (fasting)
(Serum Electrolytes)
70 - 105 mg/dL
pH
[Arterial Blood Gases (ABGs)]
7.35 - 7.45

over 90 = 7.25 - 7.45
PaCO2
[Arterial Blood Gases (ABGs)]
35 - 45 mmHg (arterial)
PaO2
[Arterial Blood Gases (ABGs)]
> 80 - 100 mm Hg (arterial)
HCO3 (bicarbonate)
[Arterial Blood Gases (ABGs)]
21 - 28 mEq/L
Cl- (chloride)
[Arterial Blood Gases (ABGs)]
98 - 106 mEq/L
RBCs (Red Blood Cells)
(CBC)
Males = 4.7 - 6.1 million

Females = 4.2 - 5.4 million
Hgb (Hemoglobin)
(CBC)
Males = 14 - 18 g/dL

Females = 12 - 16 g/dL
Hct (Hematocrit)
(CBC)
Males = 42% - 52%

Females = 37% - 47%
WBCs (Whte Blood Cells)
(CBC)
5,000 - 10,000 mm3
Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate
(CBC)
< 20m/hr
Total Serum Cholesterol
(Blood Lipid Levels)
less than 200 mg/dL

150 mg/dL or less is the target for therapy - to decrease the risk for cardiac or stroke events
LDL
(low-density lipids)
(Blood Lipid Levels)
less than 100 mg/dL
HDL
(high-density lipids)
(Blood Lipid Levels)
Men = greater than 40 mg/dL
Women = greater than 50 mg/dL
Triglycerides
(Blood Lipid Levels)
less than 150 mg/dL

if on medication, less than 100 mg/dL
INR
(anticoagulation therapy coagulation times)
Normal = 0.9 - 1.2
Therapeutic = 2.0 - 3.0

The INR is a corrected ratio of a client\'s protime to normal.

Universal test is not affected by variations in laboratory norms.
PT
(anticoagulant therapy coagulation times)
11 - 14 seconds

Therapeutic range for anticoagulant therapy is
1.5 - 2 x the normal or control value.
PTT
(partial thromboplastin time)
(anticoagulant therapy coagulation times)
16 - 40 range (remain < 40 seconds)

Therapeutic range for anticoagulant therapy is 1.5 -2.5 x the normal or control value.
Platelets
(anticoagulant therapy coagulation times)
150,000 - 450,000 cu/mm
Albumin
(liver funtion tests - LFTs)
3.8 - 5 g/dL
Ammonia
(liver function tests - LFTs)
35 - 65 mcg/dL
Total Bilirubin
(liver function tests - LFTs)
0.0 - 1.5 mg/dL
Total Protein
(liver function tests - LFTs)
6 - 8 gm/dL
Specific Gravity
(urinalysis)
1.005 - 1.030
pH
(urinalysis)
average = 6.0

range = 4.6 - 8.0
Glucose
(urinalysis)
negative
RBCs
(urinalysis)
negative
WBCs
(urinalysis)
negative
Albumin
(urinalysis)
negative
Bacteria
(urinalysis)
less than 1000 colonies/mL
Serum Creatinine
(renal function)
Males = 0.6 - 1.2 mg/dL

Females = 0.5 - 1.1 mg/dL
BUN
(renal function)
10 - 20 mg/dL
Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR)
(renal function)
90 - 120 mL/min
Digoxin Level
(therapeutic medication monitoring)
0.8 - 2 ng/mL
Lithium Level
(therapeutic medication monitoring)
0.4 - 1.0 mEq/L
Magnesium Sulfate
(therapeutic medication monitoring)
Levels obtained 1 hour after loading dose & then q6 hours

Maintenance Dosage =
titrate to a serum level of
4 - 8 mg/dL
Phenobarbital
(therapeutic medication monitoring)
10 - 30 mcg/mL
Theophylline
(therapeutic medication monitoring)
10 - 20 mcg/mL
Glucose (fasting)
(blood glucose levels)
70 - 110 mg/dL
Glycosylated Hemoglobin (HbA1c)
(blood glucose levels)
5%

up to 7% in clients with
diabetes mellitus
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