Studydroid is shutting down on January 1st, 2019



keywords:
Bookmark and Share



Front Back
The functions of the urinary system are:
1. adjusting blood volume and blood pressure
2. regulating plasma concentrations of soduim, potassium, chloride, and other ions.
3. stabilizing blood pH
4. conserving valuable nutrients
5. removing drugs and toxins from the bloodstream
Urine is eliminated through the _________.
urethra
Urine is carried to the urinary bladder by the __________.
ureters
What organs make up the urinary system?
kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra
The kidneys are located in a position that is ___________.
retroperitional
The kidneys are surrounded by a fibrous _________.
capsule
The kidneys are held in place by the renel _________.
fascia
The kidneys are covered by __________.
peritoneum
The position of the kidneys in the abdominal cavity is stabilized by 
A) the overlying peritoneum. 
B) contact with adjacent visceral organs. 
C) supporting connective tissues. 
D) the renal fascia. 
E) All of the answers are correct.
All of the answers are correct
The urinary system does all of the following, except
that it 
A) excretes excess albumen molecules. 
B) regulates blood volume. 
C) contributes to stabilizing blood pH. 
D) eliminates organic waste products. 
E) regulates plasma concentrations of electrolytes.
excretes excess albumen molecules
The urinary system regulates blood volume and pressure by 
A) adjusting the volume of water lost in urine. 
B) releasing erythropoietin. 
C) releasing renin. 
D) regulating NaCl levels in the blood. 
E) All of the answers are correct.
All of the answers are correct
The prominent indentation on the medial surface of the kidney is the _________.
hilum
The left kidney lies slightly _________ to the right kidney.
superior
The position of the kidneys in the abdomimal cavity is stabilized by:
-median umbilical ligament (urachus)
-lateral umbilical ligaments.
Typical renal blood flow is about ___% of cardiac output under resting conditions.
25
Urine is temporarily stored in the ___________.
urinary bladder
The left kidney lies ________ to the right kidney. 
A) inferior 
B) superior 
C) posterior 
D) transverse 
E) anterior
superior
Urine is carried from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body by the __________.
urethra
The renal _______ is an internal cavity lined by the fibrous capsule.
sinus
The outermost layer of the kidney is the ______________.
fibrous capsule
The cavity of the kidney that recieves urine from the calyces is called the renal ________.
pelvis
Triangular or conical structures located in the renal medulla are called _____________.
pyramids
Urine is eliminated through the 
A) liver. 
B) urinary bladder. 
C) kidney. 
D) ureter. 
E) urethra.
urethra
Renal ________ are bundles of tissue that extend between pyramids from the cortex.
columns
Urine is carried to the urinary bladder by 
A) blood vessels. 
B) lymphatics. 
C) the ureters. 
D) the urethra. 
E) the calyces.
the ureters
Each of the following organ systems excretes wastes to some degree, except the ________ system. 
A) urinary 
B) integumentary 
C) digestive 
D) endocrine 
E) respiratory
rectum
The expanded beginning of the ureter connects to the renal _______.
pelvis
Functions of the urinary system include 
A) regulation of blood volume and blood pressure. 
B) regulation of plasma concentration of certain ions. 
C) helping to stabilize blood pH. 
D) conservation of valuable nutrients. 
E) All of the answers are correct.
All of the answers are correct
____________ are large tributaries of the renal pelvis.
major calyces
All of the following are true of the kidneys, except
that they are 
A) located in a position that is retroperitoneal. 
B) surrounded by a fibrous capsule. 
C) located partly within the pelvic cavity. 
D) held in place by the renal fascia. 
E) covered by peritoneum.
located partly within the pelvic cavity
__________ are at the tip of the medullary pyramid.
renal papilla
Final urine enters the minor ______.
calyx
85% of nephrons in the human body are located in the _______ and have short nephron loops.
superficial cortex
The renal sinus is 
A) the innermost layer of kidney tissue. 
B) part of a renal pyramid. 
C) an internal cavity lined by the fibrous capsule. 
D) a large branch of the renal pelvis. 
E) a renal corpuscle.
an internal cavity lined by the fibrous capsule
the urinary bladder is STABILIZED by the:
-median umbilical ligament (urachus)
-lateral umbilical ligaments.
The position of the kidneys in the abdominal cavity is maintained by:
1. overlying peritoneum
2. contact with adjacent visceral organs
3. supporting connective tissues
Typical renal blood flow is about ________ ml/min under resting conditions. 
A) 500 
B) 800 
C) 1200 
D) 1800 
E) 2500
1200
Nepherons located close to the medulla with long nephron loops are called ____________________.
juxtamedullary nepherons
The prominent indentation on the medial surface of the kidney is the 
A) calyx. 
B) pelvis. 
C) ureter. 
D) hilum. 
E) pyramid.
hilum
-hollow muscular organ
-serves as a storage reservoir for urine
Urinary bladder
The majority of glomeruli are located in the _______ of the kidney.
cortex
roughly 85% of the nepherons are:
-cortical nepherons 
-found within the cortex
The cavity of the kidney that receives urine from the calyces is called the 
A) renal papilla. 
B) renal pelvis. 
C) renal medulla. 
D) renal cortex. 
E) renal sinus.
renal pelvis
_________________ are largely confined to the renal medulla.
collecting ducts
A ____________ is a knot of capillaries within the renal corpuscle.
glomerulus
Triangular or conical structures located in the renal medulla are called 
A) pyramids. 
B) renal columns. 
C) renal pelvises. 
D) nephrons. 
E) calyces.
pyramids
The filtrate first passes from the glomerular capsule to the ______________.
proximal convoluted tubule
Renal columns are 
A) internal cavities lined by the fibrous capsule. 
B) expanded ends of the ureters. 
C) the basic functional units of the kidney. 
D) bundles of tissue that extend between pyramids from the cortex. 
E) conical structures that are located in the renal medulla.
bundles of tissue that extend between pyramids from the cortex
The expanded beginning of the ureter connects to the 
A) renal sinus. 
B) renal pelvis. 
C) renal calyx. 
D) renal hilum. 
E) renal corpuscle.
renal pelvis
The renal sinus is 
A) the innermost layer of kidney tissue. 
B) part of a renal pyramid. 
C) an internal cavity lined by the fibrous capsule. 
D) a large branch of the renal pelvis. 
E) a renal corpuscle.
fibrous capsule
x of y cards Next > >|