Cloned from: Defense Mechanisms



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Compensation
seeking success in one area of life when one cannot seek success in another area due to personal or emotional barriers
Conversion
mechanism in which anxiety is transformed into physical dysfunction that does not have a physiological basis
Denial
refusal to acknowledge an aspect of reality, including one's experience, because doing so would result in overwhelming anxiety
Displacement
shifting negative feelings one has about a person or situation onto a different person or situation
Identification
anxiety is handled through identifying w/the person or thing producing the anxiety, ex: "identifying with the abuser"
Isolation of Affect
painful feelings are separated from the incident that initially triggered them
Intellectualization
anxiety is handled through talking and thinking about issues rather than dealing with the underlying feelings
Projection
one's own negative characteristics and denied and instead as being characteristics of someone else
Rationalization
substituting a more socially acceptable reason for an action vs the actual reason for the action
Reaction Formation
adopting a behavior that is the anithesis of the instinctual urge, ex: deep sympathy for a group you really hate
~also like DBT opposite action
Regression
reverting to more primitive modes of coping associated with earlierand safer developmental periods
Sublimation
intolerable drives or desires are diverted into activities which are acceptable, ex: sports
Substitution
replacing an unacceptable goal w/an acceptable one
Undoing
engaging in a repetitious ritual in an attempt to reverse an action previously taken
Repression
~key defense mechanism; most basic
unconscious pushing of anxiety-producing throughts and issues out of consciousness
Asceticism
~characterized by a flat prohibition of instinctual activity, esp. regarding sexuality
~usually associated with adolescence
Dissociation
split mental functions in a way that allows expression of forbidden or unconscious impulses w/out taking responsibility for the action (unable to remember or not experienced as own)
Idealization
overestimation of an admired aspect or attribute of another (conscious or unconscious)
Incorporation
primitive mechanism in which psychic representation of a person (or part of a person) is/are figuratively ingested
Inhibition
loss of motivation to engage in (usually pleasurable) activity avoided because it might stir up conflict over forbidden impulses
Introjection
loved or hated external objects are symbolically absorbed within self (converse of projection): ex: in severe depression, unconscious unacceptable hatred is turned toward self
Symbolization
mental representation stands for some other thing, class of things, or attribute; underlies dream formation and some other sx (conversion reactions, obsessions, compulsions) w/a link btwn latent meaning of the sx and the symbol; usuually unconscious
Turning Against Self
defense to defleect hostile aggression or other unacceptable impulses from another to self
Splitting
associated w/borderline personality in which a person perceives self and others as all good or all bad; introjects of opposite quality are kept apart resulting in ego weakness that cannot neurtralize aggression.  Leads to a selective of impulse control.  Serves to protect the good objects
Projective Identification
form of projection utilize by persons w/borderline personality (FOR EXAM: UNCONSCIOUSLY PERCEIVING OTHERS' BX AS A REFLECTION OF ONE'S OWN IDENTITY.
Devaluation
defense mechanism frequently used by persons with borderline personality in which a person attributes exaggerated negative qualities to self or another.  It is the split of primitive idealization.
Acting Out
emotional conflict is dealt with thru actions rather than feelings; ex: instead of talking about feeling neglected, a person will get into trouble to get attn
Decompensation
deterioration of existing defenses
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