Studydroid is shutting down on January 1st, 2019

by 0grea0

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What is the defining feature of Respiratory failure?
PaO2 bellow 8kPa
Defining feature of Type 1?
PCO2 is normal/low
And type 2?
PCO2 High (ventilatory failure)
What type of failure do ARDS and Pulmonary Fibrosis cause?
Type 1
list some direct causes of ARDS?
Infection, inhalation injury and aspiration pneumonia.
And some indirect ones?
Sepsis, trauma/burns..
What characterizes Pulmonary fibrosis?
Deposition of ECM in alveolar interstitium
What could cause Pulmonary Fibrosis?
Sarcoid, Hypersensitivity pneumonitis, infection (TB!), connective tissue diseases, idiopathic..
Causes of type 2 resp failure are ultimately effecting the breathing apparatus. What could effect the resp centre?
Drugs (opiates or sedatives), cerebellar herniation.
Spinal cord
Resp muscle?
Wasting, myasthenia gravis, tetanus..
the lung itself?
End stage disease, TB etc..
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