by Arcane


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Culture
The learned values, beliefs, and rules of conduct shared to some extent by the members of society that govern their behavior with another.
Anthropology
The study of humankind in all times and places.
Holistic Perspective
A fundamental priciple of anthropology, that the various parts of human culture and biology must be viewed in the broadest possible context in order to understand their interconnections and interdependence.
Culture-Bound
Theories about the world and reality based on the assumptions and values of one's own culture.
Applied Anthropology
The use of anthropological knowledge and methods to solve practical problems, often for a specific client.
Physical Anthropology
Also known as biological anthropology. The systematic study of humans as biological organisms.
Molecular Anthropology
A branch of biological anthropology that uses genetic and biochemical techniques to test hypotheses about human evolution, adaptation, and variation.
Paleoanthropology
The study of the origins and predecessors of the present human species.
Biocultural
Focusing on the interaction of biology and culture.
Primatology
The study of living and fossil primates.
Forensic Anthropology
Subfield of applied physical anthropology that specializes in the identification of human skeletal remains for legal purposes.
Archaeology
The study of human cultures through recovery and analysis of material remains and environmental data.
Cultural Resource Management
A branch of archaeology that s concerned with survey and/or excavation of archaeological and historical remains threatened by construction or development and policy surrounding protection of cultural resources.
Linguistic Anthropology
The study of human languages.
Cultural Anthropology
Also known as social or sociocultural anthropology. The study of customary patterns in human behavior, thought and feelings. it focuses on humans as culture-producing and culture-reproducing creatures.
Culture
The (often unconscious) standards by which societies-structured groups of people-operate. These standards are socially learned, rather than acquired through biological inheritance.
Ethnography
A detailed description of a particular culture primarily based on fieldwork.
Participant Observation
In ethnography, the technique of learning a people's culture through social participation and personal observation within the community being studied, as well as interviews and discussion with individual members of the group over an extended period of time.
Ethnology
The study of different cultures from a comparative or historical point of view, utilizing ethnographic accounts and developing anthropological theories that help explain why certain important differences or similarities occur amind groups.
Medical Anthropology
A specialization in anthropology that brings theoretical and applied approaches from cultural and biological anthropology to the study of human health and disease.
Empirical
Based on observations of the world rather than on intuition of faith.
Hypothesis
A tentative explanation of the relation between certain phenomena.
Theory
In science, an explanation of natural phenomena, supported by a reliable body of data.
Globalization
Worldwide interconnectedness, evidenced in global movements of natural resources, trade goods, human labor, finance capital, information, and infectious diseases.
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