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Anichcha (or Anitya)
Impermanence, constant change.
Anatman
No self, no permanent essence to things underlying their components.
Dukkha
Suffering in the sense of dissatisfaction.
Shunyata
Mahayana notion of emptiness, meaning the universe is empty of permanent reality.
Nirvana
Release from suffering and rebirth that brings inner peace.
Samsara
Constant rebirth and the attendant suffering. The everyday world of change.
Arhat
In Theravada, a person who practiced monastic disciplines and reached Nirvana.
Bodhisattva
\"Enlightened being.\" In Mahayana, a person of deep compassion, especially one who does not enter Nirvanah, but is constantly reborn to help others. Heavenly being of compassion.
Dalai Lama
Leader of Tibetan (or Tantric or Vajrayana) Buddhism
Zen (Ch\'an)
Meditation centered on koans (or paradoxical riddles) can lead one to satori (or sudden enlightenment).
Zazen
Sitting meditation. Most fundamental zen technique for reaching enlightenment.
Koan
In zen and ch\'an Buddhism. A question that can\'t be answered logically. Technique used to test conscientiousness and bring awakening.
Pure Land
Founded by Honan, based on the recitation of the name of Amida Butsu to gain enlightenment.
Nichiren
Founded a school based on veneration of the Lotus Sutra and looking towards a Last Age.
Tendai
Sect named for Chinese monastic institution at Mt. Tiantai.
Shingon
Sect meaning \"true word.\" Title refers to the use of chants or mantras.
Amitabha Buddha (Amida Butsu)
Buddha of western paradise, a bliss-body Buddha in Mahayana.
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