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The ancient scriptures of India. Name means \"knowledge\" or \" sacred lore.\"
Sanatana Dharma:
Sanskrit phrase meaning \"eternal law.\" (Eternal duty.)
Written meditations on the spiritual essence of the universe and self. Follows the four vedas.
Ramayana and Mahabharata:
Part of the epics. Mahabharata contains the Bhagavadgita.
Story of Arjuna and Krishna. Teaches about the 3 yogas, and that the caste system is not a barrier to moksha.
Ancient stories of the gods.
The unchanging, eternal reality in and underlying the unending cycles of creation, sustenance, and destruction.
Individual soul, which is a fraction of Brahman. Present in all beings and things.
Liberation from the cycles and union of Atman and Brahman.
Illusion that keeps one from seeing the unity of Atman and Brahman
The cosmic man. Part of creation story and inspiration for caste system.
Brahmana, Ksatriya, Vaisya, Sudra:
The caste system. Priests, Nobles/Warriors, Merchants/Farmers, Peasants/Laborers.
\"Untouchables.\" Sudra or members of low caste as punishment for bad Karma in past life.
New term for dalits from Gandhi. Means \"children of god,\" not untouchables.
Moral law of cause and effect that determines the direction of rebirth.
Social duty or role. Defined by caste system.
Everyday world of change and suffering leading to rebirth.
A god associated with divine playfulness. Form of Vishnu. Taught Arjuna about the three yogas.
Prince from Bhagavad Gita. Learned from Krishna about the three yogas.
Jnana Yoga:
Path of knowledge. Meditation leads to association of Atman with Brahman.
Karma Yoga:
Path of Action. Requires faithful fulfillment of one\'s Dharma.
Bhakti Yoga:
Path of Devotion. Requires intense devotion and worship of one\'s god, leads to association of god with Brahman.
Self-immolation of a widow on her husband\'s funeral pyre. Done in protest of Islam, deter forced conversion.
Brahmo Samaj:
\"Society of seekers of Brahma.\" Attempt to recast Hinduism in western world. Rejection of many gods, temple rituals, and caste.
Arya Samaj:
\"Society of the Aryans.\" Formed in protest of British. Revived orthodox Hinduism, Vedic rituals.
19th century mystic saint who taught harmony of all religions, since in his view they all lead to same ultimate reality.
19th century disciple of Ramakrishna who introduced Hinduism to the West at the World\'s Parliament of Religions in Chicago in 1893.
20th cent reformer for Indian independence from British rule. Emphasized non-violence and belief in Satyagrahna, truth has force of own over violence.
B.R. Ambedkar:
20th cent Indian thinker. Member of sudra caste. Criticized Hinduism for role in oppressing lower castes and Gandhi for calling sudra harijan. Advocated conversion to Buddhism
Non-harm, non-violence.
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