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what are the seven biggest health risks for young & middle adults
injury and violence

suicide

hypertension

substance abuse

sexually transmitted infections

eating disorders

malignancies

what five types of health test and screenings do young & middle adults need on a routine basis,
    •Tetanus (10 yrs), flu (anually), & pneumonia (adolesence) vaccination •Bi-annual dental exam •Monthly Breast self-exam for females •Annual Testicular exam for males •Annual PAP exam for females
what four types of saftey do young & middle adults need on a routine basis
motor vehicle safety

sun protection

workplace safety

water safety
what are two social interaction measures to promote health for young adults (20 - 40 yrs)
encourage pesonal relationships

short/long term goal for work choices
what are the seven common health problems for young adults
•Accidents

•Suicide

•Hypertension

•Substance Abuse

•STDs

•Spousal Abuse

•Malignancies (ex. testicular self-exam, breast self exam, pap exam)
what type of physical changes of middle-aged adults (40 - 65 yrs) involves hair begins to thin, and gray hair appears, skin tugor and moiture decrease, subcutaneous fat decreases, and wrinkling occurs, fatty tissues is redristributed resulting in fat deposits in the abdonimal area
apperence
what type of physical changes of middle-aged adults (40 - 65 yrs) involves skeletal muscle bulk decreases at about age 60, thinning of the intervertebral disks causes a decrease in height of about 1 inch, calcium loss from bone tissue is more common amoung postmenopausal women, and muscle growth continues in proportion to use
musculoskelatal system
what type of physical changes of middle-aged adults (40 - 65 yrs) involves blood vessels lose elasticity and become thicker
cardiovacular system
what type of physical changes of middle-aged adults (40 - 65 yrs) involves visual acuity declines, often by the late 40's, especially for near vision (presbiopia), auditory acuity for high-frequency sounds also decrease (presbycusis), taste sensations also diminish, metabolism slows, and may result in weight gain
metabolism
what type of physical changes of middle-aged adults (40 - 65 yrs) involves gradual decrease in tone of large intestine may predispose the individual to constipation
gastrointestinal system
what type of physical changes of middle-aged adults (40 - 65 yrs) involves nephron units are lost during this time, and glomerular filtration rate decreases
urinary system
what type of physical changes of middle-aged adults (40 - 65 yrs) involves hormonal changes take place in both men and women
sexuality
what is the term for the state of maximal function and intergration, or the state of being fully developed
maturity
what stage of eriksons stages of development would a middle-aged adult be at
generativity vs. stagnation
what is the term for a concern for establishing and guiding the next generation and is concerned about providing for the welfare of humankind as well as providing for themself
generativity
what are seven health test and screenings to promote health for middle-aged adults (40 - 65 yrs)
physical exam (annually)

immunizations (as needed)

dental exams (6 monts)

eye exam (1 - 2 yrs)

breast/testicular exam (annually)

cardiovascular disease screening

colorectal, breast, cervical, uterine, and prostate cancer screening


what are three saftey measures to promote health for middle-aged adults (40 - 65 yrs)
motor vehichle safety reinforcement

workplace safety

home safety (ex. clean, well lit, uncluttered, smoke detectors, nonskid mats)
what are three nutrition and exercise measures to promote health for middle-aged adults (40 - 65 yrs)
adequate protein, calcium, and vitamin D

avoid cholesterol and fat intake

exercise to keep skill and coordination
what are three social interaction measures to promote health for middle-aged adults (40 - 65 yrs)
avoid midlife crisis (discuss feelings, concerns, fears)

expand and review previous interests

retirement planning (with partner)
what are six common health problems of middle-aged adults (40 - 65 yrs)
•Injuries

•Cancer

•Cardiovascular Disease

•Obesity

•Alcoholism

•Mental Health Alterations
what are six health test and screenings to promote health for older adults (over 65 yrs)
total cholestoral and HDL measurement screen (3 -5 yrs)

diabetes mellitus screen (3 yrs)

 rectal/ prostate exam, fecal ocult test (annually)

sigmoidoscopy (5 yrs) or colonoscopy (10 yrs) exam

vision/hearing exam (annually)

flu (annually), shingles (at 60 yrs) immunizations
what are three safety measures to promote health for older adults (over 65 yrs)
home safety (falls, fire, burns, electrocution)

smoke/carbon monoxide detectors

motor vehicle safety reinforcement

what are four nutrition and exercise measures to promote health for older adults (over 65 yrs)
well balanced diet (↓ calories for slower metabolism)

sufficient vitamin D and calcium to prevent osteoporosis

avoid cholesterol and fat intake

30 mins moderate, 20 mins vigorous activity daily

 

what are two elimination measure to promote health for older adults (over 65 yrs)
adequate roughage

 six 8 oz glasses of water to prevent constipation
what are three social interaction measures to promote health for older adults (over 65 yrs)
encourage intellectual and recreational  pursuits

encourage personal relationships that promote feeling, concerns, and fears

available social community centers and programs

what are the six most common health problems for older adults (over 65 yrs)
•Injuries

•Chronic Disabling Illness

•Drug Use and Misuse

•Alcoholism

•Dementia

•Elder Mistreatment
what type of physical changes of older-aged adults (over 65 yrs) involves increased skin dryness, skin pallor, skin fragility, as well as progressive wrinkling and sagging of the skin, brown age spots (lentigo senilis) on exposed body parts, decreased perspiration, thinning and graying of scalp, pubic and axillary hair, and slower nail growth and increased thickening with ridges
intergumentary
what type of physical changes of older-aged adults (over 65 yrs) involves decreased speed and power of skeletal muscle contractions, slowed reaction times, loss of height (stature), loss of bone mass, joint stiffness, impaired balance, and greater difficulty in complex learing and abstraction
neromuscular
what type of physical changes of older-aged adults (over 65 yrs) involves loss of visual acuity, increased sensitivity to glare and decreased ability to adjust to darkness, partial or complete glossy white circle around the periphery of the cornea (arcus sinilis), progressive loss of hearing (presbycusis), decreased sense of taste, especially the sweet sensantions, decreaced sense of smell, increased threshold for sensations of pain, touch, and temperature
sensory/perceptual
what type of physical changes of older-aged adults (over 65 yrs) involves decreased ability to expel foreign or accumulated matter, decreased lung expansion, less effective exhalation, reduced vital capacit, and increased residual volume, difficulty, short, heavy, rapid breathing (dyspnea) following intensive exercise
pulmonary
what type of physical changes of older-aged adults (over 65 yrs) involves reduced cardiac output and stroke volume, particularly during increased activity or unusual demands, and may result in shortness of breath on exertion and pooling of blood in the extrimities, reduced elasticity and increased rigidity of arteries, increase in diastolic and systolic blood pressure, and orthostatic hypotension
cardiovascular
what type of physical changes of older-aged adults (over 65 yrs) involves delayed swallowing time, increased tendency for indigestion, increased tendency for constipation
gatrointestinal
what type of physical changes of older-aged adults (over 65 yrs) involves reduced filtering ability of the kidney and impaired renal function, less effective concentration of urine, urinary urgency and frequency, and tendency for nocturnal frequency and retention of residual urine
urinary
what type of physical changes of older-aged adults (over 65 yrs) involves prostate enlargement (benign) in men, multiple changes in women (shrinkage and atrophy of the vulva, cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries, reduction in secretions, changes in vaginal flora), increased time for sexual arousal, decreased firmness of erection, increased refractory period (men), and decreased vaginal lubrication and elasticity (women)
genitals
what type of physical changes of older-aged adults (over 65 yrs) involves decreased immune response, lowered resistance to infecrions, poor response to immunization, and decreased stress response
immunologic
what type of physical changes of older-aged adults (over 65 yrs) involves increased insulin resistance, and decreased thyroid function
endocrine
what is the inalbility to focus aor accommodate due to a loss of flexibility of the lens, and causes decrease near vision
presbyopia
what are the four conitive abilities of aging make up an older adults intellectual capacity
perception

cognitive agility

memory

learning
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