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How does capital need subjects that deviate from the norms of gender, race, sexuality and class that are upheld by the nation? (Tip: Ferguson)
  • Cheaper labor through marginalized subjects e.g. undocumented workers working for less than minimum wage because they need to work but cannot work legally so they are forced to work at any wages through necessity.
Name and discuss some strategic units of power/knowledge that we have encountered in this course. (Tip: Foucault lists and discusses four such strategic units as they began to emerge in the 18th century. You may also discuss other more contemporary examples.)
  • Hysterization of Women
  • Sexualization of Children
  • Specification of the Perverted
  • Regulation of the populated
  • Doctor/patient
  • Priest/confession teller
  • Teachers and administrators/students
  • law/citizens
What is the repressive hypothesis? What alternative understanding of power, sex, knowledge, pleasure does Foucault offer to challenge the repressive hypothesis?
The repressive hypothesis suggests that sexuality went from being freely expressed in the middle ages to repressed in the 17th centuries and beyond, (the rise of the bourgeois/capitalism disapproved of frivolity), until now, where we are experiencing a mini-age of sexual freedom. In coming up with this, people have to look at how power operates in relation to sexuality, through looking at the “incitement to discourse”
How are homosexuality, homophobia, or “gay rights” used to define the boundaries of nations? Discuss different examples. (Tip: Consider texts by Puar; Haritaworn with Erdem and Tauqir; Ekine; Mwikya)
Ekine: “Africa is homophobic/being gay is Un-African”
What does Foucault mean by “juridico-discursive power”? What alternative understanding of power does Foucault put forth?
  • Juridico: latin word (judiciary); Discursive: covering a wide field of subjects
  • Controlling all the different discourses of sex; e.g. when and where sex should be talked about, the “truth” behind sex and how to follow the truth or the normalities of sex, the “perverse implantation” (labeling different types of people [homosexuals, pedophiles, sodomites, transexuals, etc…])
Haritaworn, Erdem and Tauqir write that racism is “the vehicle that transports white gays and feminists into the political mainstream” (72). Discuss this idea, using examples from the course material.
  • Islamophobia: example: Tatchell and his campaign “disguised” by helping Muslim LGBTQI identifying groups because Iran and other Muslim countries are deemed threats to LGBTQI, so all this support that fights Muslim countries and puts Muslim countries in a bad light through racism and prejudice because of the projections that they need to be changed and that Muslim countries should become more tolerant of Queer communities.
Briefly discuss the relationship between development aid, the Cold War, and neocolonialism.
  • the first world = The United States and our allies during the Cold War; second world = soviets and their allies during the Cold War; third world = those who were not involved and were not believed to have nuclear weapon potential.
  • Neocolonialism describes the first world’s influence on third world countries, economically
Discuss how queerness can sometimes operate as a regulatory ideal. (Tip: Puar)
  • example: American women as saviors and the rescuers of more "oppressed" women. (5)
How does “power over life” (or “biopower”) operate? What, according to Foucault, are the two main techniques of this biopower? Explain both techniques. Explain how the deployment of sexuality partakes in both techniques.
  • Foucault writes that “[r]elations of power-knowledge are not static forms of distribution; they are 'matrices of transformation'” (99). He also asserts that “we must conceive of discourse as a series of discontinuous segments whose tactical function is neither uniform nor stable” (100). To further grapple with this understanding of power-knowledge, discuss positions or organizations that are in opposition to each other but nevertheless rely on the same ideologies of race-gender-sexuality. (Tip: You may think of these ideologies of race-gender-sexuality as they manifest in particular imaginary racialized-sexualized figures such as “the prostitute,” “the child,” the “gay Muslim.”) Discuss examples from the course material. Can you also think of other examples?
 
Discuss limitations of hate crime and discrimination laws. Include a discussion of “the perpetrator perspective” in your answer. (Tip: Spade)
  • Spade says that a murderer doesn’t stop to read a law book before he kills someone- perpetrator perspective

Give examples of Trans activism that engages with disciplinary power and those that engages with population-management power. Your answer should include a definition of these two types of power. (Tip: Spade)
pop.management power = identity documentation programs
Explain the following concepts. Think about where they show up in the course materials. How do different authors use them?
  • civilizing mission
  • white man's burden
- the task that white colonizers believed they had to impose their civilization on the black           inhabitants of their colonies
neocolonialism:
  • A form of modern economic colonialism. Where a more dominant country/nation may use its economic and/or political power to influence and/or take advantage of an underdeveloped nation/state. Puar
Global North / Global South:
Global north refers to developed countries, those in charge of industry and setting economic regulations globally. Global south refers to less developed countries, that are not at the center of trade, service or industry and are therefore much less powerful in the global economy.
  • Islamophobia:
  • A contrived fear of all/most Muslims, based on western and Eurocentric religious, politics, economic and cultural beliefs. (Haritaworn)
    (specifically because the Muslims are seen as monolithic and unresponsive to change; unconnected to other religions and cultures)
  • U.S. sexual exceptionalism
Exceptionalism is the perception that a country, society, institution, movement, or time period is "exceptional" in some way and thus does not need to conform to normal rules or general principle
what does ferguson understand by qpoc analysis

Queer of color analysis” is an analysis that “interrogates social formations as the intersections of race, gender, sexuality and class with particular interest in how these formations correspond with and diverge from nationalist ideals and practices” (Ferguson from her notes)
Eschews the transparency/reflection of other formulations such as marxism, revolutionary nationalism, and liberal pluralism
Denotes an interest in materiality
Opts for an understanding of nation and capital as the outcome of manifold intersections that contradicts the idea of the liberal nation-state and capital as sites of resolution, perfection, progress, and conformation
x of y cards