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Alkane
A hydrocarbon with only single bonds between carbons.

AKA saturated hydrocarbons

Least reactive
Alkene
A hydrocarbon with at least one double bond between carbons
Alkyne
A hydrocarbon with at least one triple bond between carbons
meth-
1 carbon
eth-
2 carbons
prop-
3 carbons
but-
4 carbons
pent-
5 carbons
hex-
6 carbons
hept-
7 carbons
oct-
8 carbons
non-
9 carbons
dec-
10 carbons
Alkyl group
designates that a group is not a member of a parent chain, but is a member of a side chain

ex. butyl, methyl, ethyl
Primary carbon
attached to only 1 other carbon
Secondary carbon
attached to 2 other carbons
Tertiary carbon
attached to 3 other carbons
Quaternary carbon
attached to 4 other carbons
Rules for naming
1. The longest C chain is the parent chain. It is named [prefix for #C]ane

2. Side chains are named [prefix for total# of these type of side chains][prefix for #C]yl


3. Locants are the numbers. They are listed in numeric sequence from low to high. Number the parent chain to give the lowest number of locants.

4. Name side chains in alphabetical order. Prefix doesn't count!
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