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the loss of scalp hair (baldness) or body hair
Alopecia
sweat glands located largely in the axillae and anogenital areas; they begin to function at puberty under the influence of androgens
Apocrine Glands
bacteria killing action
Bactericidal
a thickened portion of skin
Callus
the wax-like substance secreted by the glands in the external ear canal
Cerumen
a type of bath given chiefly for hygiene purposes
Cleaning baths
a conical, circular, painful, raised area on the toe or foot
Corn
a dry or greasy, scay material shed from the scalp
Dandruff
tooth decay
Dental Caries
Glands that produce sweat; found over most of the body
Eccrine Glands
deep grooves that occur as a result of dryness and cracking of the skin
Fissures
relating to the gums
Gingiva
red, swollen gingiva (gums)
Gingivitis
abnormal hairiness, particularly in women
Hirsutism
the science of health and its maintenance
Hygiene
the growing inward of the nail into the soft tissues around it, most often results from improper nail trimming
Ingrown Toenail
the fine wooly hair or down on the shoulders, back, sacrum, and earlobes of the unborn child that may remain for a few weeks after birth
Lanugo
infestation with head lice
Pediculosis
disorder of supporting structures of the teeth
Periodontal Disease
a wart of the sole of the foot
Plantar Warts
an invisible soft film consisting of bacteria, molecules of saliva, and remnants of epithelial cells and leukocytes that adhere to the enamel surface of teeth
Plaque
purulent periodontal disease
Pyorrhea
a contagious skin infestation caused by an arachnid the itch mite.
Scabies
the oily, lubricating secretion of sebaceous glands in the skin
Sebum
glands of the dermis that secrete sweat
Sudoriferous Glands

(aka sweat glands)
a visible, hard deposit of plaque and dead bacteria that forms at the gum lines
Tartar
given for physical effects, such as to soothe irritated skin or to treat an area
Therapeutic Baths
small gray-brown parasites that bite into tissue and suck blood and transmit several diseases to people, in particular rocky mountain spotted fever, lyme disease, and tularemia
Ticks
athlete''s foot (ringworm of the foot), which is caused by a fungus
Tinea Pedis
Dry mouth
Xerostomia
Hygenic care involves care of:
-Skin
-Hair
-Nails
-Teeth
-Oral and nasal cavaties
-Eyes and ears
-Perineal-genital area
Types of Hygienal Care involves (details of each): 4 types
1) Early Morning Care: Urinal, bed pan, washing face and hands, plus oral care
2) Morning (after breakfast): Elimination needs, bath/shower, perineal care, back massages, and oral, nail, and hair care
3) Hours of sleep (HS) or PM: Elimination needs, washing face/hands, giving oral care , and back massages
4) prn (as needed)
Factors that influence personal hygiene
-Culture
-Religion
-Environment
-Developmental level
-Health and energy
-Personal preference
Abnormal finding of the skin
-Abrasion: Superficial layers of skin are scrapped or rubbed away, reddened area
-Excessive dryness: skin can appear flacky
-Ammonia dermatitis: typically diaper rash, caused by skin bacteria reacting with urea in urine
-Acne: inflammatory condition with papules and pustules.
-Erythema: Redness associated with a variety of conditions, such as rashes, exposure to sun elevated body temp
-Hirsutism: Excessive hair on a person's body and face, particularly in women
Abormal findings of the feet
-Excessive dryness
-Areas of inflammation or swelling
-Fissures
-Scaling and cracking of skin
-Plantar warts
-Swelling and pitting edema
-Weak or absent pulses
-Col skin temp in one or both feet
Abnormal findings of the Nails
-Spoon nails
-Excessive thickness or clubbing
-Grooves or furrows
-Beau's lines
-Discolored or detached
-Bluish or purplish tint or pallor
-Hangnails or paronychia
-Delayed capillary refilling time
Abnormal findings of the mouth
-Haliosis
-Glossitis
-Gingivitis
-Periodontal disease
-Reddened or excoriated mucossa
- Excessive dryness of the buccal       mucosa
-Cheilosis ( a disorder of the lips marked by scaling and fissures at the corners of the mouth; caused by a deficiency of riboflavin)
-Dental Caries
-Sordes (debris, especially the encrustations of food, epithelial matter, and bacteria that collect on the lips and teeth during a prolonged fever)
-Stomatitis ( is an inflammation of the mucous lining of any of the structures in the mouth)
-Parotits (is an inflammation of one or both parotid glands)
Abnormal findings of the hair
-Dandruff
-Hair loss
-Ticks
-Pediculosis
-Scabies
-Hirsutism
Abnormal findings of eyes
-loss of hair, scaling, flaky eyebrows
-Redness, swelling, flaking, crusting, discharge, asymetrical closing, ptosis of eyelids
-Jaundiced sclera
-Unequal pupils
-Pupils fail to dialate or constrict
-Inability to se
Abnormal findings of ears
-Asymetrical, excessively red or tender auricles
-Lesions, flaky, scaly skin over auricles
-Normal voice tones not heard
Abnormal findings of the nose
-Asymetrical
-Discharge
-Localized redness, tenderness, or lesions
Assessment
Nursing History to determine
-self care practices
-self care abilities
-past or current problems
-identification of clients at risk for developing impairment
Diagnoses (nursing process)
-deficient knowledge
-situational low self-esteem
-risk for impaired skin integrity
-impaired skin integrity
-self-care deficit
-risk for infection
-impaired oral mucous membrane
-disturbed body image
-risk for injury
Planning (nursing process)
- nurse, and if approriate, the client and/or family set goals/desired outcomes
-nurse identifies interventions to assist the client to achieve the designated outcomes
Interventions (Nursing process)
-assisting dependent clients with hygiene activities
-educating clients and/or family about appropriate hygienic practices
-demonstrating use of assistive equipment and adaptive activities
-assessing and monitorng physical and psychological responses
Purposes of bathing
-remove transient microorganisms, body secretions and excretions, and dead skin cells
-stimulate circulation
-produce sense of well-being
-promote relaxation and comfort
-prevent or eliminate unpleasant body odors
Categories of Baths
-Cleansing
-Therapeutic
Types of Baths
-Complete Bed
-Self help
-Partial
-Bag
-Tub
-Sponge
-Shower
Bed Making
- Provide smooth, wrinkle free bed foundation
-place the bedside table/overbed table within reach
-leavethe bed in the high position if returning to stretcher
-leave in the low position if returning to bed after being up
-when turning the client to the side while making an occupied bed, raise the side rail nearest the client
-ensure continued saftey of the client after making an occupied bed.
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