by sefky

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Social Stratification
the division of large numbers of people into layers accroding to their relative property, power, and prestige"applies to both nations and to people within a nation, society, or other group.
Causes of slavery (Based on 3 factors)
1. Debt: in some societies, creditors would enslave people who could not pay their debts.
2. Crime: Instead of being killed, a murderer or thief might be enslaved by the victem's family as compensation for their loss.
3. War: When one group of people conquered another, they often enslaved some of the vanquished.
Bonded Labor/Indentured service
A contractual system in which someone sells his or her body(services) for a specified period of time in an arrangement very close to slavery, except that it is entered into voluntarily"
Caste system
a form of social stratification in which people's statuses are lifelong conditions determined by birth.
Built on an asribed status
the practive of marrying within one's own group
the separations of racial-ethnic groups as was practived in South Afirca
Karl Marx: The means of production
Class depends of people's relationship to the means of production. Only two classes: the bourgeoisie(capitalists who own the means of productions) and proletariat(exploited class, workers who do not own the means of production). 
Class consciousness
awarenss of a common identity based on one's postion in the means of production
False class consciousness
the term to refer to workers indetifying with the interests of capitalists.
Weber's social class components
1. Property- (wealth) significant in determing a person standing in society.
2 Power- the ability to control others, even over their objections.
3. Prestige- Often derived from property and power. Property can bring prestige and prestige can bring power.
the process by which one nation take s over another nation, usually for the purpose of exploiting its labor and natural resources.
World system theory
how economic and political connections, devoloped and now tie the world's countries together(4 groups of nations)
1. core nations (industrialized first.
2. Semiperiphery (stagnated because of dependency on trade with core nations)
3. Periphery (fringe nations)
4. External area (left out of capitalism all together)
Culture of poverty
the assumption that the values and behaviors of the poor make them fundamentally different from other people, that these factors are largely responsbile for the pvoerty, and that parents perputuate poverty across generations by passing these characteristics to their children.
the economic and politcal dominance, of the most industrialized nations over the least industrialized nations.
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