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What is the first goal of the driver/ operator?
To get the apparatus and its crew to the scene of an emergency in an expedient yet safe and efficient manner.
What is the percent of all firefighter injuries and deaths that are caused by vehicle collisions while responding to or returning from emergency calls?
15 to 20 percent of all firefighter injuries and deaths are caused by vehicle collisions while responding to or returning from emergency calls.
When are collisions are most likely to occur?
Collisions are most likely to occur during ideal vision and road conditions.
Excessive speed may lead to what?
Control of the apparatus is lost or the driver is unable to stop in time to avoid a collision.
Are emergency vehicles exempt from laws that require vehicles to stop for school buses that are flashing signal lights to indicate that children are boarding or disembarking?
No. Emergency vehicles are generally not exempt.
If the driver is found negligent in the operation of an emergency vehicle that becomes involved in a collision who may be held responsible?
Both the driver and the fire department may be held responsible.
How many vehicle batteries do most fire apparatus have?
Most fire apparatus are equipped with 2 or 4 vehicle batteries.
Under what circumstance is it okay to operate the battery switch while the engine is running?
The battery switch should never be operated while the engine is running.
When both batteries are used which starter control should be used? Starter 1 - Starter 2 - or both?
If you use both batteries operate both starter controls at the same time.
According to the text the starter controls should be operated in what intervals?
The starter controls should be operated in intervals of no more than 30 seconds with a rest of 60 seconds between each try if the vehicle does not start sooner.
After disconnecting ground shore lines and turning on the vehicle battery (ies) - what should the dirver ensure before starting the apparatus engine?
The vehicle\'s parking brake should be set. The driver should start the engine with the drive transmission in Neutral (N) or Park (P).
How much air pressure is usually needed in the system to release the vehicle\'s parking brake?
Usually at least 60 psi [420 kPa] is required.
If there is not enough air pressure in the system to release the parking brake what should be done? What is a good method to speedup the proccess?
Allow the engine to idle until air pressure is built up to an appropriate level. It may speed the buildup of air pressure if the throttle is increased to a fast idle.
What is the final step in starting the apparatus before driving the apparatus?
Adjust the seat - mirrors - and steering wheel.
Drivers of apparatus equipped with automatic transmissions should be aware that what action influences automatic shifting?
The pressure placed upon the accelerator influences automatic shifting.
When the accelerator pedal is fully depressed the transmission will automatically...?
The transmission will automatically upshift near the governed speed of the engine. This may result in reduced torque (power) and excessive fuel consumption.
Whenever possible avoid overthrottling which results in what?
LUGGING occurs when the throttle application is greater than necessary for a given set of conditions.
What is the angle formed by level ground and a line from the point where the front tires touch the ground to the lowest projection at the front of the apparatus?
The Angle of Approach.
What is the angle formed by level ground and a line from the point where the rear tires touch the ground to the lowest projection at the rear of the apparatus?
The Angle of Departure.
What is the angle formed by level ground and a line from the point where the rear tires touch the ground to the bottom of the frame at the wheelbase midpoint?
The Breakover Angle.
When should the clutch be disengaged while braking?
The clutch should not be disengaged while braking until the last few feet (meters) of travel.
According to the text - under normal conditions and for extended operations - is it better to shut down the engine or leave it idling?
You should shut down the engine rather than leave it idling for long periods of time.
When the engine must be left to idle for an extended period of time because of extremely cold weather or during floodlight operations what should the idle be set at?
Set it to idle at 900 to 1100 rpm rather than at lower speeds.
A hot engine should be idled until it has cooled. Generally what is the recommended period of time?
Generally an idle period of 3 to 5 minutes is recommended.
When should riders of emergency vehicles don their protective gear?
Riders of emergency vehicles should don their protective gear before getting in the apparatus.
What NFPA standard requires that a seat and seat belt be provided within the cab of the apparatus for every firefighter who is expected to ride the truck?
NFPA 1901 - Standard for Automotive Fire Apparatus.
Is it okay to drive the apparatus backwards when loading hose back onto a fire apparatus? What is the maximum vehicle speed for house loading operations?
The apparatus must be driven in a forward direction (straddling or to one side of the hose) at a speed no greater than 5 mph.
For moving hose load operations what (if any) is considered the only \'safe spot\' for members to stand?
No members are allowed to stand on any portion of the apparatus. Members in the hose bed must sit or kneel while the apparatus is moving.
What is considered the most likely place for a collision to occur involving an emergency vehicle?
Intersections are the most likely place for a collision involving an emergency vehicle.
What is the sum of the driver reaction distance and the vehicle braking distance called?
The total stopping distance.
What is the distance a vehicle travels while a driver/ operator is transferring his foot from the accelerator to the brake pedal after perceiving the need for stopping called?
The driver / operator reaction distance.
What is the distance the vehicle travels from the time the brakes are applied until the apparatus comes to a complete stop called?
The braking distance.
If you are driving a vehicle equipped with an ABS and you need to stop quickly - how should you interact with the brake pedal to properly brake?
Maintain a steady pressure on the brake pedal (rather than pumping the pedal) until the apparatus is brought to a complete halt.
When an apparatus that is not equipped with an antilock braking system goes into a skid - what actions should you take?
You should release the brakes - allowing the wheels to rotate freely. Turn the apparatus steering wheel so that the front wheels face in the direction of the skid.
If your vehicle has a \"dry road/slippery road\" switch - what does IFSTA recommend it be set at?
IFSTA recommends that apparatus equipped with this switch have it placed in the dryroad position and disconnected.
Some vehicles equipped with an ABS are also equipped with automatic traction control (ATC). Where is the switch for ATC usually located at - and how can you tell when it is engaged?
ATC turns itself on and off; there is no switch for the operator to select. A green indicator light on the dash illuminates when the ATC is engaged.
What lane should you always travel on when driving on multilane roads?
Always travel on the innermost lane on multilane roads.
According to the text you should avoid passing other emergency vehicles if at all possible. If one emergency vehicle needs to pass another - what should be done?
The lead vehicle should slow down - turn off its warning lights - and move to the right to allow the other vehicle to pass. This maneuver should be coordinated by radio if possible.
Automatic tire chains tend to lose their effectiveness in snow that is deeper than...?
These chains tend to lose their effectiveness in snow that is deeper than 8 inches (200 mm).
What is the increased stopping distance for a vehicle traveling on snow and ice according to the text?
It takes 3 to 15 times more distance for a vehicle to come to a complete stop on snow and ice than it does on dry concrete.
At what speed does an emergency vehicle tend to \"outrun\" the effective range of its audible warning device?
At speeds above 50 mph (80 km/h) an emergency vehicle may \"outrun\" the effective range of its audible warning device.
At a speed of 60 mph how far does the siren project in front of the vehicle?
At a speed of 60 mph (97 km/h) the siren is only audible 12 feet (3.7 m) or less in front of the vehicle.
At a speed of 40 mph how far does the siren project in front of the vehicle?
A siren operating on an emergency vehicle moving at 40 mph (64 km/h) can project 300 feet (90 m) in front of the vehicle.
When more than one emergency vehicle is responding along the same route - units should travel at least how far apart?
Units should travel at least 300 to 500 feet (90 m to 150 m) apart.
When moving forward - place a hand WHERE on the tiller steering wheel - and the rear of the trailer moves in the direction the hand is moved.
When moving forward place a hand AT THE TOP OR FRONT of the tiller steering wheel and the rear of the trailer moves in the direction the hand is moved.
When backing - place a hand WHERE on the tiller steering wheel - and the trailer moves in the direction the hand is moved.
When backing place a hand AT THE BOTTOM OR REAR of the tiller steering wheel and the trailer moves in the direction the hand is moved.
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