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absorption
Process by which nutrient material is taken into the bloodstream or lymph.
absorpt: to suck in
-ion: process
amylase
Enzyme that breaks down starch. Ptyalin is a salivary amylase and amylopsin is a pancreatic amylase.

amyl: starch

-ase: enzyme
anabolsim
Building up of the body substance in the constructive phase of metabolism.
anabol: a building up
-ism: condition
anorexia
Lack of appetite
an-: lack of
-orexia: appetite
appendectomy
Surgical excision of the appendix.

append: appendix

-ectomy: surgical excision
appendicitis
Inflammation of the appendix. A point of tenderness in acute appendicitis is know as McBurney''s point.
ascities
Accumulation of serous fluid in the peritoneal cavity.
biliary
Pertaining to or conveying bile.
bil/i: gall, bile
-ary: pertaining to
bilirubin
Orange-colored bile pigment produced by the separation of hemoglobin into parts that are excreted by the liver cells.
black hairy tongue
Condition in which the tongue is covered by hairlike papilae entangled with threads produced by Aspergillus niger or Candida albicans fungi. This unusual condition could be caused by poor hygiene and/or overgrowth of fungi due to antibiotic therapy.
bowel
Intestine
buccal
Pertaining to the cheek.
bucc-cheek
catabolism
Literally a casting down; a breaking of complex substances into more basic elements.
catabol: a casting down
celiac
Pertaining to the abdomen.
celi: abdomen, belly
cheilosis
Abnormal condition of the lip as seen in riboflavin and other B-complex deficiencies.
cheil: lip
cholecystectomy
Surgical excision of the gallbladder.
chol/e: gall, bile
cyst: bladder
-ectomy: surgical excision
cholecystitis
Inflammation of the gallbladder.
chol/e: gall, bile
cyst: bladder
choledochotomy
Surgical incision of the common bile duct.
choledoch/o: common bile duct
-tomy: incision
chyle
Milky fluid of intestinal digestion composed of lymph and emulsified fats.
cirrhosis
Chronic degenerative liver disease characterized by changes in the lobes; parenchymal cells and the lobules are infiltrated with fat.
colectomy
Surgical excision of part of the colon.
colon cancer
Malignancy of the colon; sometimes called colorectal cancer.
colonic
Pertaining to the colon.
colonoscope
Thin, lighted flexible instrument that is moved through the colon during a colonoscopy.
-scope: instrument for examining.
colonoscopy
Visual examination of the colon via a colonscope.
-scopy: visual examination, to view, examine
colostomy
Lit. the creation of a new opening into the colon, performed for the purpose of evacuating the bowel and can be required because of colon cancer, etc.
-stomy: new opening
constipation
Infrequent passage of unduly hard and dry feces.
constipat: to press together
defecation
Evacuation of the bowel.
defecat: to remove dregs
deglutination
Act or process of swallowing
dentalgia
Pain in the tooth; toothache
dent: tooth
-algia: pain
dentist
Specialist in dentistry.
-ist: one who specializes
dentition
Type, number, and arrangement of teeth in the dental arch.
diarrhea
Frequent passage of unformed watery stools.
dia-: through
-rrhea: flow
digestion
Process by which food is changed in the mouth, stomach, and intestines by chemical, mechanical, and physical action so it can be absorbed by the body.
diverticulitis
Inflammation of the diverticula in teh colon.
diverticul: diverticula
duodenal
Pertaining to the duodenum; the first part of the small intestine.
dysentery
An intestinal disease characterized by inflammation of the mucous membrane.
dys-: difficult
enter: intestine
dyspepsia
difficulty in digestion.
dys-: difficult
-pepsia: to digest
dysphagia
Difficulty in swallowing.

dys-: difficult

-phagia: to eat, to swallow
emesis
Vomiting.

eme: to vomit

enteric
Pertaining to the small intestine.
enter: small intestine
enteritis
Inflammation of the small intestine.
enzyme
Protein substance capable of causing chemical changes in other substances without being changed itself.
epigastric
Pertaining to the region above the stomach.
epi-: above
gastr: stomach
eructation
Belching
eructant: a break out
esophageal
Pertaining to the esophagus
feces
Body waste expelled from the bowels; stools, excreta
fibroma
Fibrous, encapsulated connective tissue tumor
flatus
Gas in the digestive tract. Also, the expelling o gas from a body orifice, especially the anus.
gastrectomy
Surgical excision of a part or the whole stomach.

gastr: stomach
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