keywords:
Bookmark and Share



Front Back
anastomosis
Surgical connection between blood vessels or the joining of one hollow or tubular organ to another.
anastom: opening
aneurysm
Sac formed by a local widening of the wall of an artery usually caused by injury or disease.
angina pectoris
Chest pain that occurs when diseased blood vessel restrict blood flow to the heart.
angin (a): to choke
pector: chest
angiocardiography
Process of recording the heart and vessels after an intravenous injection of a radiopaque contrast medium.
angiogram
X-ray record of the size, shape, and location of the heart and its blood vessels after the introduction of an radioplaque contrast medium.
angi/o: vessel
gram: record
angioma
Tumor of a blood vessel.

ang/i: vessel

-oma: tumor
angioplasty
Surgical repair of a blood vessel(s) or a nonsurgical technique for treating diseased arteries by temporarily inflating a tiny balloon inside an artery.

angi/o: vessel

-plasty: surgical repair
angiostenosis
Conditioning of the narrowing of a blood vessel.
angi/o: vessel
sten: narrowing
-osis: condition
arrhythmia
Condition in which there is a lack of rhythm of the heartbeat; also called dysrhythmia.

a-: lack of

rrhythm: rhythm

-ia: condition
arterial
Pertaining to an artery.

arter/i: artery

arteriosclerosis
Condition of hardening of arteries.

arter/i: artery

scler: hardening
arteritis
Inflammation of an artery.
artificial pacemaker
Electronic device that stimulates impulse initiation within the heart. Helps the heart beat in a regular rhythm.
atheroma
Tumor of an artery containing a fatty substance.
atherosclerosis
Condition of the arteries characterized by the buildup of fatty substances and hardening of the walles.

ather/o: fatty substance, porridge

scler: hardening
atrioventricular (AV)
Pertaining to the atrium and the ventricle.

arti/o: atrium

ventricul: ventricle

-ar: pertaining to
auscultation
Method of physical assessment using a stethoscope to listen to sounds within the chest, abdomen, and other parts of the body.

auscultat: listen to
automated external defibrillator (AED)
Portable automatic device used to restore normal heart rhythm to patients in cardiac arrest.
bicuspid
Having two points or cusps; pertaining to the mitral valve.

bi-:two

-cuspid: point
bradycardia
Condition of abnormally slow heartbeat that is less than 60 beats per minute.

brady: slow

cardia: heart
bruit
Noise; a sound of venous or arterial origin heard on auscultation.
cardiac
Pertaining to the heart.
cardiac arrest
Loss of effective heart function, which results in cessation of functional circulation. Sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) results in sudden death due to cardiac causes rather than to trauma.
Cardiologist
Physician who specializes in the study of the heart.
Cardiology
Study of the heart.
cardiomegaly
Enlargement of the heart.

-megaly: enlargement, large
cardiometer
Instrument used to measure the action of the heart.

-meter: instrument to measure
cardiomyopathy
Disease of the heart muscle that leads to generalized deterioration of the muscle and its pumping ability.

my/o: heart

-pathy: disease
cardiopulmonary
Pertaining to the heart and lungs.

cardiotonic
Pertaining to increasing the tone of the heart; a type of medication.
cardioversion
Procedure used to treat different types of disruption in the normal heart rhythm (cardiac arrhythmias). Electrical shock used to restore its rhythm to a normal pattern.
vers: turning
cholesterol
Waxy, fatlike substance in the bloodstream of all animals. It is believed to be dangerous when it  builds up on arterial walls and contributes to the risk of coronary heart disease.

chol/e: bile

sterol: sold (fat)
circulation
Process of moving the blood in the veins and arteries throughout the body.

circulat: circular
claudication
Process of lameness or limping. It is a dull, cramping pain in the hips, thighs, calves, or buttocks caused by an inadequate supply of oxygen to the muscles, usually due to narrowed arteries. Symptom of PAD.
claudicat: to limp
constriction
Process of drawing together, as in the narrowing of a vessel.

con-: together, with

strict: to draw, to bind
coronary bypass
Surgical procedure performed to increase blood flow to the myocardium by using a section of a saphenous vein or internal mammary artery to bypass the obstructed or occluded coronary artery
coronary heart disease (CHD)
Also referred to as coronary artery disease (CAD), refers to the narrowing of the coronary arteries sufficient to prevent adequate blood supply to the myocardium.
cyanosis
Abnormal condition of the skin and mucous membranes caused by oxygen deficiency in the blood.

cyan: dark blue
defibrillator
Machine that helps restore a normal heart rhythm by delivering an electric shock; also called a cardioverter.
diastole
Relaxation phase of the heart cycle during which the heart muscle relaxes and the heart chambers fill with blood.
dysrhythmia
Abnormal, difficult, or bad rhythm. Dysrhythmia is also referred to as an arrhythmia.

dys: difficult, abnormal

ia: condition
echocardiography
Noninvasive ultrasound method for evaluating the heart for valvular or structural defects and coronary artery disease.

ech/o: reflected sound

-graphy: recording
embolism
Condition in which there is an obstruction of a blood vessel by foreign substances or a blood clot.

emobl: a throwing in
endarterectomy
Surgical excision of the inner portion of an artery.

end-:within

arter:artery

-ectomy: surgical excision
endocarditis
Inflammation of the endocardium.

endo-: within

card: heart

endocardium
Inner lining of the heart.

endo-: within

card/i: heart

-um: tissue
extracorporeal circulation
Pertaining to the circulation of the blood outside the body via a heart-lung machine or hemodialyzer.

extra-:outside

corpor/e: body

circulat: circular
fibrillation
Quivering or spontaneous contraction of individual muscle fibers, an abnormal bioelectrical potential occurring in neuropathies and myopathies.

fibrillat: fibrils
flutter
Condition of the heartbeat in which the contractions become extremely rapid. With artial flutter, the heartbeat is 200 to 400 beats/min. With ventricular flutter, the heartbeat is 250 beats/min.
heart failure (HF)
Disorder in which the heart loses its ability to pump blood efficiently. Left sided heart failure is called congestive heart failure.
x of y cards Next > >|