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Ballad
Short narrative poem, often written by an anonymous author, made up of short verses intended to be sung or recited
Elegy
Poem mourning a death or other great loss
Epic
Long narrative poem detailing a hero's deeds.
Haiku
Japanese poem that is written in 17 syllables with 3 lines of 5, 7, 5 syllables. Presents clear picture designed to arouse a distinct emotion.  Usually, clues in the poem suggest a season of the year, specific spiritual insight.
Limerick
Humorous verse form of five anapestic lines with a rhyme scheme of aabba
Lyric
Short poem expressing personal feelings and emotions
Sonnet
14 line poem, usually written in iambic pentameter, with varied rhyme scheme.
Petrarchan Sonnet
Opens with an octave that states a proposition and ends with a sestet that states the solution
Shakespearean
Three quatrains and a couplet
Stanza
Division of poetry named for the number of lines it contains
Couplet
Two lines
Triplet
Three lines
Quatrain
Four lines
Quintet
Five Lines
Sestet
Six lines
Septet
Seven lines
Octave
Eight lines
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