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A number of studies indicate that most people become police officers
(A) they want to enfoce the law
(B) they want to help people
(C) they want to be in command of others
(D) all of the above
Correct answer(s): B
On the street, what type of guilt must the police focus on?
> (A) procedural
> (B) substantive
> (C) apparent
> (D) probable
> (E) none of the above
The method by which the heirs of the Enlightenment obtain the natural laws of the world is known as
> (A) practical rationality
> (B) social contract
> (C) utilitarianism
> (D) natural law
> (E) none of the above
A - practical rationality
Which of the items below known to be possessed by professionals is
also known to involve an internalized code of conduct?
> (A) Knowledge
> (B) Ethics
> (C) Education
> (D) Regulation
> (E) Certification
> (F) Problem solving
> (G) Discipline
> (H) Structure
True or False: Specific deterrence is the idea that in punishing > specific criminals, that criminal in particular will be deterred. > (A) True > (B) False
In City of Chicago v. Morales, the Supreme Court declared the Chicago
> gang ordinance
> (A) vague
> (B) overly broad
> (C) gave unlimited discretion to the police
> (D) unconstitutional
> (E) all of the above
> (F) C and D only
E-all the above
During which historical era of policing was the new philosophy of proactive policing introduced?

(A) Political era
(B) Reform era
(C) Professional era
(D) none of the above
The Law Enforcement Code of Ethics is known as what type of code?
> (A) mission statement or code
> (B) aspirational code
> (C) code of general orders
> (D) vision statement or code
Of the three different types of power that the police can use, all listed below, which one involves an appeal to a person's honesty?

> (A) Exhortation
> (B) Reciprocity
> (C) Coercion
> (D) none of the above
A - exhortation
True or False: Kant insisted that people should consider utility
(consequence) in determining their ethical perspectives.
(A) True
(B) False
FALSE(consequences are irrelevant )
Muir > talked about three ways in which professionalism could be nurtured - check > all three ways below.

a . language
d. code of ethics
e. all the above
f. mentoring
Correct answer(s): A B C
It is the author's central argument that police ethics and police competence are
(A) mostly opposite
(B) somewhat opposite
(C) totally opposite
(D) one and the same
(E) None of the above
d-one and the same
What are the three main types of police review systems? Check all three below.
A) Informal supervisory
B) Internal Affairs
C) Civilian Review Boards
D) Informal mediation
(E) Formal arbitration
(F) Hybrid systems
What type of corruption finds support in the hearts and minds of contemporary police officers?
(A) slippery slope
(B) noble cause
(C) Dirty Harry
(D) none of the above
B-noble cause
One of the book's central themes is the idea that in the lives of many if not most people, the decisions of the police

(A) are mostly ethical
(B) define the law
(C) have at least some short-term impact
(D) all of the above
b-define the law
Character traits are often called
> (A) virtues
> (B) habits
> (C) exemplars
> (D) none of the above
A - virtues
What type of police misconduct involves police officers misusing
their positions of authority, but not for personal gain?
> (A) grass eating
> (B) meat eating
> (C) slippery slope
> (D) noble cause corruption
> (E) none of the above
d-noble cause corruption
What type of police misconduct involves behavior which appears
unethical to those who view it from the outside but is often considered ethical by participants?
A) grass eating
B) meat eating
C) slippery slope
D) noble cause corruption
E) none of the above
d-noble cause corruption
The characteristics of a victimless crime include
(A) consenting participants on both sides of the criminal act
(B) an ongoing demand for the goods/services that are provided
(C) significant amounts of official corruption due to high profits (D) the absence of witnesses/complaining parties when police interact with
(E) all of the above
(F) A and B only
(G) A and B and C only
In the author's "ethic to live by," the obligation to do good and to prevent harm is known as
(A) Distributive Justice
(B) Beneficence
(C) Equality
(D) Virtue
(E) none of the above
Of the three different types of power that the police can use, all
> listed below, which one involves a threat to harm something of value?
> (A) Exhortation
> (B) Reciprocity
> (C) Coercion
> (D) none of the above
The sociological school of analysis which suggests that social norms
and institutions are controlled by economic elites that pass their desires down to the masses. This is the basis for
> (A) communism
> (B) socialism
> (C) Dirty Harry Syndrome
> (D) conflict theory
> (E) slippery slope
> (F) none of the above
d-conflict theory
True or False: Rationalizations for police misconduct are very > different from the rationalization techniques criminals use to neutralize > their deviant acts. > (A) True > (B) False
For a criminal statute to carry moral authority it must be
> (A) general
> (B) specific
> (C) open-ended
> (D) closed-ended
> (E) A and D only
> (F) B and C only
> (G) none of the above
The dominating, central fact about the intelligence of human life is
that it is
(A) dominated by the personality
B) dominated by fate
C) so open to possibility
(D) set early by childhood character (E) none of the above
c-so open to possibility
An ethical dilemma refers to compatible courses of
action, only one or some of which are ethically defensible.
(A) True
(B) False
In meeting standards of conduct, what kind of "actors" are police
officers considered?
> (A) legal
> (B) political
> (C) administrative
> (D) all of the above
> (E) A and B only
d-all the above
True or False: Character traits are set by genetic endowment. > (A) True > (B) False
True or False: In the author's "ethic to live by," treating people fairly requires treating them identically.
> (A) True
> (B) False
True or False: Minority police officers whether or not they have experience with civilian review boards - tend to support the idea of civilian review by a wide margin.
> (A) True
> (B) False
The major function(s) of the police is/are to > (A) enforce the law > (B) maintain order > (C) provide services to the community > (D) all of the above > (E) none of the above
What is missing in police ethics is a discussion of the topic from
> (A) the top down
> (B) the ground up
> (C) the community's perspective
> (D) all of the above
B -ground up
A feeling that there is a disconnect between a person and society is
also known as
(A) phaselessness
(B) sociopathology
(C) anomie
(D) none of the above
The _______ problem has become the most difficult type of misconduct to deter in contemporary american policing.
A slippery slope
B meat eater
C Dirty Harry
D none of the above
C-dirty Harry
The legal concept having to do with laws that are not narrowly focused enough and thus avail the police of too much power, is the description of

> (A) overbreadth
> (B) vagueness
> (C) victimless crime
> (D) ethical dilemma
> (E) none of the above
True or False: Morality is rooted in and grows out of character.
> (A) True
> (B) False
Which form of intelligence, EQ, IQ or SQ, applies to this statement -
Trait that relates to the ability to interact with other people with
insight, compassion and effectiveness.
> (A) EQ
> (B) IQ
> (C) SQ
> (D) none of the above
A - emotional IQ
What type of police misconduct involves accepting cash in exchange
for not writing a moving violation?
> (A) grass eating
> (B) meat eating
> (C) slippery slope
> (D) noble cause corruption
> (E) none of the above
A - grass eating
There is no way to apply utilitarian ethics to misconduct that involves personal gain in an effort to rationalize it.
(A) True (B) False
What type of police misconduct involves beat officers regularly shaking down businesses for protection money?
(A) grass eating
(B) meat eating
(C) slippery slope
(D) noble cause corruption >
(E) none of the above
B-meat eating
The police subculture term "overkill" refers to
(A) the unnecessary piling up of arrest charges
(B) putting too much detail into an arrest report
(C) support for excessive force
(D) all of the above
C-support of excessive force
Kant's philosophy of ethics focuses on the
(A) EQ - Emotional Intelligence of people
(B) intention of people's acts
(C) Practical Rationality of people
(D) all of the above
intention of people's acts
Every human being, because he or she has the power to be rational
possesses a basic knowledge of the natural law the nature of things. The
natural law constitutes the principles of

A. EQ - Emotional Intelligence
B. Humanism
C. Practical Rationality
D. none of the above
C-practical rationality
True or False: The police do not often feel constrained by the
> paradoxes of coercive power.
> (A) True
> (B) False
Everyone who experiences police work develops at least some level of
frustration due to the fact that the job is replete with
(A) moral dilemma
(B) paradox
(C) slippery slopes
(D) ethical dilemma
(E) all of the above
B - paradox

A majority of Americans, and a majority of police officers, are still in favor of the drug war.
(A) True
(B) False
A - True
The central theme of modern policing is the drive to make police work into
(A) an ethical entity
(B) a community based service model
(C) a profession
(D) all of the above
True or False: When justice conflicts with beneficence, then beneficence becomes paramount.
> (A) True
> (B) False
A - True
True or False: The police are so very well trained today that this arguably gives them the type of academic experience that true professionals
(A) True
(B) False
A - True
Generally speaking, the duty of the police is comprised of three distinct
functions, which are:(check all three below
A) community relations
B) service
C) crime prevention
D) order maintenance
E) law enforcement
F) crises management
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