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(525-456 BCE)
Author of Oresteia: "Agamemnon" "The Libation Bearers" "Eumenides"
*Clytemenstra kills Agememnon for killing Iphigenia/bringing concubine Cassandra. Orestes (her son) kills her and her lover Aegisthus and pursued by furies until he is acquited by Athena (deus ex machina).
Maya Angelou
I know Why the Caged Bird Sings
Just Give Me a Cool Drink of Water For I Die (poetry)
Famous for autobiography which brings female black experiences to the fore, revolutionized the art of autobiography
Honore de Balzac
(1799-1850), French
La Comedie Humaine- panorama of French life post Napoleon (1815)
The French Dickens- Pioneer in Realism, using realistic details and multifaceted characters.
Affected Dickens, Henry James, Flaubert, Faulkner, Dostoevsky etc. etc.
John Berryman
-(1914-1972) -American poet from Oklahoma, Famous in 2nd half of 20th C.
-Confessional Poetry (flourished in 50s, 60s.)
-"The Dream Songs" 18 line poems in 3 stanzas
-Lyric poem organized around an emotion provoked by an everyday event.
-associational, intoxicated tone.
Jorge Luis Borges
(1899-1986) Argentinian writer
Ficciones and The Aleph- Short stories with themes of labyrinth, dreams, libraries, G-d, Fictional Writers
Anne Bradstreet
?1612-1672 Puritan Poet
Focuses on Domestic and Religious THemes
"Upon the Burning of Our House"
Anne Bronte
Agnes Grey, The Tenant of Wildfell Hall
More realistic and political in tone than her sisters/Female issues unheard of at the time.
Helen Graham runs away from her husband Arthur Huntington, her story intrigues Gilbert Markham.
Robert Burns
(1759-1796) Famous Scottish Poet
Wrote in Scots Language
"Auld Lang Syne"
"My Love is Like a Red, Red Rose"
Influenced Wordsworth

Samuel Butler
Famous for "Hudibras" a long satirical burlesque poem against Puritanism.
Samuel Butler
Iconoclastic Victorian
Erewhon- Utopian Satire of Victorian Society (Higgs, Chowbok, Yram)
The Way of All Flesh- Novel which attacks Victorian era hypocrisy (Four Generations of PONTIFEX family)
Lord Byron
1788-1824, ROMANTIC Poet
"She Walks in Beauty" "So we'll go no more a roving" "Childe Harold" and Don Juan
Don Juan- Character easily seduced by women, epic satire, 16 cantos
Iambic Pentameter ab ab ab cc
-Scorn toward Wordsworth, COleridge, Shocking to early Victorians.
Albert Camus
(1913-1960) French Algerian author
-Often cited as an existentialist, but really contributed to ABSURDIST philosophy, which basically states that everything humans do is meaningless bc we all die in the end. Camus posits that we can interpret and create some kind of unstable, provisional meanings.
The Stranger- Protagonists Meursault cannot fit into society's values, indifferent to it and ostracized
The Plague- A plague befalls Oran and its citizens fight against its impending death, only by banding together to fight an irreversible death is meaning created.
Thomas Carew
1594-1640, Poet of the REFORMATION, One of the Cavalier poets, who wrote about court life
"The Rapture" Sensuous and racy
"An Elegy upon the death of John Donne"
Love poem to an unidentified "Celia"
Poem to Ben JOnson
Thomas Chatterton
(1752-1770) Poet of 18th C. gothic "revival" and precursor to ROMANTIC movement.
Published poems under the fake author of Thomas Rowley a 15th C, Medieval writer.
Affected Wordsworth and Coleridge
William Cowper
(1731-1800) English poet who wrote of everyday people and things, Precursor to ROMANTICISIM, Also famous for hymns and religious poems
"The Task"
"John Gilpin"

Hart Crane
(1899-1932) American Poet
Wrote difficult MODERNIST poetry
"The Bridge" epic poem based on Wasteland w/ a more optimistic outlook, conclusion.
"White Buildings" which includes "The Marriage of Faustus and Helen" an attempt at a less bleak modernism.
coined "The logic of metaphor" which connects with Romantics.
R.H. Dana Jr.
1815-1882 American writer and lawyer from Mass., abolitionist
Wrote "Two Years Before the Mast" memoir about his time as a seaman, provides descriptions of early California.
John Dos Passos
(1896-1970)American novelist, One of the Lost Generation writers,
U.S.A. trilogy- The 42nd Parallel, 1919, The Big Money- uses experimental techniques (newpspaper clippings, autobiograpy, biography, ficitonal realsim) to provide pessimistic outlook on USA
Utilized stream of consciousness too
W.E.B. Dubois
(1868-1963) African American writer and activist
"The Souls of Black Folk"- Several essays on race
"Black Reconstruciton"- Talks about how Black people were a large part of American history
"The Philadelphia Negro"
George Eliot
(1819-1880) Victorian Novelist
The Mill on the Floss
Daniel Deronda
Middlemarch- Dorothea, Tertius
Silas Marner
Known for realism and psychological insight. Presented cased of outsiders.
George Etherege
1634-1691 Restoration Dramatist
Basically invented the comedy of manners
Famous for "The Comical Revenge or Love in a Tub" and
"The Man of the MOde" Featuring Sir Fopling Flutter, Dorimant (Rochester satire), Medley (himself)
Wit, Led the way for Congreve
Henry Fielding
1707-1754 Humorous, Satirical Writer
Satririzes Richardson, Openly brings attention to the artifice of the novel form, Lack of pyschological realism- essential Neoclassic
Famous for Tom Jones, Shamela etc.
E.M. Forster
1879-1970 English novelist
A Room with a View- Lucy travels to Italy and must decide b/w 2 men.
Howards End- English "class" novel dealing w/ tensions bw diff groups
A Passage to India- Colonialism
Humanist Themes- CONNECTION despite the restrictions of society.
Uses symbolism and mysticism
Robert Frost
1874-1963, American poet, Focus on rural life,
George Gascoigne
1534-1577 English poet and writer/ early English Renaissance
"Hundredth Sundry Flowers" and "Posies of Gascoine" (same work republished) suggestive of court scandal and intrigue, controversial at the time
Elizabeth Gaskell
1810-1865 Victorian Writer
Realism and themes of industrialization of England, poverty, the role of women and critique of society
North and South
Mary Barton
Wives and Daughters
Ghost Stories published by Dickens
*Noted for use of dialect and unitarianism (tolerance toward all religions)
Allen Ginsburg
(1926-1997) American BEATNICK poet, championed personal freedom, sexuality etc. and rebelled against ideas of conformity and capitalism.
Howl- inspired by Whitman's free verse,
-Buddhist/Eastern religious influences etc.
William Dean Howells
(1837-1920) American realist author and literary critic
Famous for "The Rise of Silas Lapham" and for his focus on realism, realism, realism in literature.
Langston Hughes
(1902-1967) AA poet, famous in the Harlem Renaissance.
Innovator of jazz poetry, Poetry of the working class black people, tries to lift up their self-image, to embrace their "blackness" and see it as beautiful, in contrast to some contemporaries who he felt were trying to assimilat a eurocentric culture or "trying to be white"
Henry James
1843-1916 American born/British Writer, Key figure of Realism, Works often juxtapose the old world and the new world
-Early simple style, followed by a turn to poetry and drama, and a return to the novel but with a far more elaborate and complicated style
A Portrait of a  Lady
The Turn of the Screw- gothic
The Golden Bowl
The Ambassadors
Daisy Miller
Walter Savage Landor
1775-1864) English Writer/Poet
Imaginary Conversations which created imaginary conversations with various contemporaries and classical thinkers
Love poems- Ione Ianthe, ROse Aylmer
Friendly with Robert Southey, Coleridge, Browning and Dickens who admired his work (I guess)
William Langland
1330-1386, Middle English Writer, Famous for Piers Plowman, A narratice poem, which discusses William's dream visions, journey toward TRUTH.  Written in ALLITERATIVE VERSE.
D.H. Lawrence
1885-1930 English Modernist writer,
Dehumanising effects of modern British society and industrialization
*Return to sexuality and connection to the body as a means of overturning this oppresiveness
Lady Chatterly's Lover
The Rainbow
Sons and Lovers
Women in Love
T.E. Lawrence
British army officer known as liasion during Arab Revolt against Ottoman rule
The Seven Pillars of Wisdom- an account of his war experiences
Wyndham Lewis
1882-1957 British Writer and Artist
Vorticism (which sort of looks like cubism)/Modernist
Wrote some antisemitics/racist/bigoted works which he later recounted
Malcolm Lowry
1909-1957 British novelist/writer.
Under the Volcano- which features destructive relationships
Geoffrey Firmine- alcoholic consul living in Mexico
John Lyly
(1554-1606) English Renaissance writer known for EUPHEUS: THE ANATOMY OF WIT also for plays which are believed to have influenced Shakespeare.
Eupheus (Witty; graceful) helped coin the term and came to mean highly sophisticated and flowery prose as seen in Elizabethan England (think the advisor in Tempest or Polonius in Hamlet)
Edna St. Vincent Millay
1892-1950 American poet and playright; feminist
Wrote poetry which explored female sexuality,etc.
Flannery O'Connor
1925-1964 American novelist, short story writer, Southern Writer, Often wrote in SOUTHERN GOTHIC STYLE, Regional Settings and Grotesque Characters, Roman Catholicism and issues of faith, FORESHADOWING, Race is in the background but sometimes comes to the forefront
Often wrote about backward characters (protestant) who go through a transformation which brings them closer to the Catholic mindset
Samuel Pepys
(1633-1703) Restoration Writer, Famous for his interesting diary. Provides first hand witness to the great plague, the great fire of london etc.
Exra Pound
1885-1972 American Modernsit Poet and Writer (Supporter of the Nazi party) Became known for his help in developing IMAGISM which included Tight Language, Unadorned Images, Musicality and Tone in Relation to Subject Matter (Think of his haiku)
Famous for his unfinished "cantos" and other shit.
Marcel Proust
1871-1922 French Novelist famous for "In Search of Lost Time" and "A Remembrance of Things Past"
A break with the traditional realist novel...Focus is on a multiplicity of perceptions and on the formation of experience.  What is important is not the plot per se (plot doesn't quite move forward) but rather the significance of what is happening occurs in the character's memory and perception and inner contemplation of what is happening. Revolutionary for his time. The protagonist as such doesn't quite move the plot forward.
Rainer Maria Rilke
1875-1926 Bohemian-Austrian Poet/Critic
Transitional figure b/w traditional and Modern period
Themes of difficulty in communing with the ineffable in an age of disbelief, solitude and anxiety.  (Basically how can we have Romantic values in this messed up modern world?)
"Letters to a Young Poet" and "The Notebooks of "Maulte Larids Briggs"
Arthur Rimbaud
Mid to Late 19th Century
French Poet, Decadent Movement, Famous for the "Letter of the Seer", Affected Symbolist/Dadais and Surrealist movement for his theme and use of form and language.
George B. Shaw
1856-1950 Irish Playright
Plays deal with social problems using humor- examined healthcare, marriage, religion, government, class privilege
Pygmalion, etc.
P.B. Shelley
Ozymandias, Ode to the West Wind, Adonais,
Extremely idealistic works, bordering on radical, supressed until long after his death
John Skelton
1460-1529 English Poet in the early, early English Renaissance
Famous for devising skeltonics which is a humorous short poem. Similar to doggerel except for the quality of the thought expressed.
Charles Algernon Swinburne
1837-1909 British Victorian? Poet, COnsidered a decadent poet, Invented the roundel form of poetry, controversial even in his own day, Known for his mastery in rhyming
(Successor to Tennyson?)
Dylan Thomas
1914-1953 MODERNIST
Verbal style played against strict verse forms, "Do Not Go Gentle Into that Good NIght" Carefully ordered images, the unity of all life the process of life and death which linked everyone, Musicality in poetry
Fern Hill
John Webster
1578-1632, Jacobean Dramatist, Famous for the Duchess of Malfi and The White Devil
Dark disturbing plays which prefigure Gothic
Duchess of Malfi- Virtuous duchess, eveil brothers, stocisim in the face of death,
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